Searched for: subject:"Inequality"
(1 - 20 of 47)

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Yaroslavtsev, I.S. (author)
In this thesis we study martingales and stochastic integration of processes with
values in UMD Banach spaces.
doctoral thesis 2019
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Tammaru, T. (author), Marcińczak, Szymon (author), Aunap, Raivo (author), van Ham, M. (author), Janssen, H.J. (author)
This paper provides new insights into the relationships between income inequality and residential segregation between socioeconomic groups by undertaking a comparative study of European urban regions. In Europe, income inequalities are the lowest in North Europe and the highest in South Europe. In many East European countries, a switch from low...
journal article 2019
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Amenta, Alex (author), Lorist, E. (author), Veraar, M.C. (author)
journal article 2019
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Devriendt, K.L.T. (author), Van Mieghem, P.F.A. (author)
The cut-set ∂V in a graph is defined as the set of all links between a set of nodes V and all other nodes in that graph. Finding bounds for the size of a cut-set |∂V| is an important problem, and is related to mixing times, connectedness and spreading processes on networks. A standard way to bound the number of links in a cut-set |∂V| relies...
journal article 2019
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Bromley-Davenport, Harry (author), MacLeavy, Julie (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
There is a growing narrative that the outcome of the UK referendum on European Union membership was the product of disenfranchisement and disillusionment wrought by the uneven consequences of economic restructuring in different UK regions, cities and communities. Those most likely to vote ‘leave’ were concentrated among those ‘left behind’ by...
journal article 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The socio-economic mosaic of urban neighbourhoods changes under the influence of three distinctive distributional processes: reordering of the socio-economic position of urban neighbourhoods; changing levels of inequality between neighbourhoods; and an overall growth or decline in income levels which affects all neighbourhoods of an urban area....
working paper 2018
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Deng, W. (author), Hoekstra, J.S.C.M. (author), Elsinga, M.G. (author)
After three decades of housing reform in China, housing assets constitute a sizable share of family wealth but are distributed unevenly, as registered homeowners are predominantly male. This is partly because males generally have higher incomes than females and can therefore contribute more to the financing, but also because males receive more...
journal article 2018
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Luke, D.R. (author), Nguyen, H.T. (author), Tam, M.K. (author)
We develop a framework for quantitative convergence analysis of Picard iterations of expansive set-valued fixed point mappings. There are two key components of the analysis. The first is a natural generalization of single-valued averaged mappings to expansive set-valued mappings that characterizes a type of strong calmness of the fixed point...
journal article 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Neighbourhood socioeconomic change is a complex phenomenon which is driven by multiple processes. Most research has focused on the role of urban-level processes, which lead to an exchange of relative positions among neighbourhoods of a single metropolitan area. Consequently, the effects of structural processes on neighbourhood socioeconomic...
journal article 2018
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Fontanari, A. (author), Cirillo, P. (author)
We study the problems related to the estimation of the Gini index in presence of a fat-tailed data generating process, i.e. one in the stable distribution class with finite mean but infinite variance (i.e. with tail index α∈(1,2)). We show that, in such a case, the Gini coefficient cannot be reliably estimated using conventional nonparametric...
journal article 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Most studies of neighbourhood and urban change do not distinguish between different underlying processes. This study distinguishes between the effect of increasing inequality between neighbourhoods and the effect of exchanges in their relative positions which can be attributed to urban development processes. The paper identifies the relative...
journal article 2018
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Su, Libo (author), Wei, Yanling (author), Michiels, Wim (author), Steur, E. (author), Nijmeijer, Henk (author)
Networks of interconnected dynamical systems may exhibit a so-called partial synchronization phenomenon, which refers to synchronous behaviors of some but not all of the systems. The patterns of partial synchronization are often characterized by partial synchronization manifolds, which are linear invariant subspace of the state space of the...
journal article 2018
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Baldwin Hess, Daniel (author), Tammaru, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
This open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in Europe. Are these estates clustered or scattered? Which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? What is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment...
book 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Many studies of urban and neighbourhood change investigate changes in the relative positions of neighbourhoods within an urban region, without looking at the underlying processes. Often, changes in socio-spatial structures reflect intensifying socio-spatial divisions caused by both increasing inequality and urban development processes. This...
working paper 2017
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Nieuwenhuis, J.G. (author), Tammaru, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Hedman, L.K. (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
The neighbourhoods in which people live reflects their social class and preferences, so studying socio-spatial mobility between neighbourhoods gives insight in the openness of spatial class structures of societies and in the ability of people to leave disadvantaged neighbourhoods. We study the extent to which people move between different types...
working paper 2017
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Rusca, Maria (author), Boakye-Ansah, Akosua Sarpong (author), Loftus, Alex (author), Ferrero, Giuliana (author), van der Zaag, P. (author)
Urban political ecology attempts to unravel and politicize the socio-ecological processes that produce uneven waterscapes. At the core of this analysis are the choreographies of power that influence how much water flows through urban infrastructure as well as where it flows, thereby shaping conditions and quality of access in cities. If these...
journal article 2017
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Neighbourhood socioeconomic change is a complex phenomenon which is driven by multiple macro- and micro-level processes. Most theoretical and empirical work has focused on the role of urban-level processes, such as filtering, life-cycle, and social dynamics. For individual neighbourhoods, these processes generate flows of different socioeconomic...
working paper 2017
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author)
It is well-known that socioeconomic outcomes and (dis)advantage over the life course can be transmitted from parent to child. It is increasingly suggested that these intergenerational effects also have a spatial dimension, although empirical research into this topic remains scarce. Previous research from Sweden and the United States shows that...
journal article 2017
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Tammaru, T. (author), Marcinzak, S (author), Aunap, R. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The aim of this paper is to get new insight into the complex relationship between social inequalities and socioeconomic segregation by undertaking a comparative study North and South European cities. Our main finding shows that during the last global economic cycle from the 1980s through the 2000s, both levels of social inequalities and socio...
working paper 2017
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Musterd, Sako (author), Marcińczak, Szymon (author), van Ham, M. (author), Tammaru, T. (author)
Socioeconomic inequality is on the rise in major European cities, as are concerns over it, since it is seen as a threat to social cohesion and stability. Surprisingly, relatively little is known about the spatial dimensions of rising socioeconomic inequality. This paper builds on a study of socioeconomic segregation in 12 European cities:...
journal article 2016
Searched for: subject:"Inequality"
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