Searched for: subject:"Inequality"
(1 - 20 of 43)

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Bromley-Davenport, Harry (author), MacLeavy, Julie (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
There is a growing narrative that the outcome of the UK referendum on European Union membership was the product of disenfranchisement and disillusionment wrought by the uneven consequences of economic restructuring in different UK regions, cities and communities. Those most likely to vote ‘leave’ were concentrated among those ‘left behind’ by...
journal article 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The socio-economic mosaic of urban neighbourhoods changes under the influence of three distinctive distributional processes: reordering of the socio-economic position of urban neighbourhoods; changing levels of inequality between neighbourhoods; and an overall growth or decline in income levels which affects all neighbourhoods of an urban area....
working paper 2018
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Deng, W. (author), Hoekstra, J.S.C.M. (author), Elsinga, M.G. (author)
After three decades of housing reform in China, housing assets constitute a sizable share of family wealth but are distributed unevenly, as registered homeowners are predominantly male. This is partly because males generally have higher incomes than females and can therefore contribute more to the financing, but also because males receive more...
journal article 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Neighbourhood socioeconomic change is a complex phenomenon which is driven by multiple processes. Most research has focused on the role of urban-level processes, which lead to an exchange of relative positions among neighbourhoods of a single metropolitan area. Consequently, the effects of structural processes on neighbourhood socioeconomic...
journal article 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Most studies of neighbourhood and urban change do not distinguish between different underlying processes. This study distinguishes between the effect of increasing inequality between neighbourhoods and the effect of exchanges in their relative positions which can be attributed to urban development processes. The paper identifies the relative...
journal article 2018
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Su, Libo (author), Wei, Yanling (author), Michiels, Wim (author), Steur, E. (author), Nijmeijer, Henk (author)
Networks of interconnected dynamical systems may exhibit a so-called partial synchronization phenomenon, which refers to synchronous behaviors of some but not all of the systems. The patterns of partial synchronization are often characterized by partial synchronization manifolds, which are linear invariant subspace of the state space of the...
journal article 2018
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Fontanari, A. (author), Cirillo, P. (author)
We study the problems related to the estimation of the Gini index in presence of a fat-tailed data generating process, i.e. one in the stable distribution class with finite mean but infinite variance (i.e. with tail index α∈(1,2)). We show that, in such a case, the Gini coefficient cannot be reliably estimated using conventional nonparametric...
journal article 2018
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Baldwin Hess, Daniel (author), Tammaru, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
This open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in Europe. Are these estates clustered or scattered? Which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? What is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment...
book 2018
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Many studies of urban and neighbourhood change investigate changes in the relative positions of neighbourhoods within an urban region, without looking at the underlying processes. Often, changes in socio-spatial structures reflect intensifying socio-spatial divisions caused by both increasing inequality and urban development processes. This...
working paper 2017
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Nieuwenhuis, J.G. (author), Tammaru, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Hedman, L.K. (author), Manley, D.J. (author)
The neighbourhoods in which people live reflects their social class and preferences, so studying socio-spatial mobility between neighbourhoods gives insight in the openness of spatial class structures of societies and in the ability of people to leave disadvantaged neighbourhoods. We study the extent to which people move between different types...
working paper 2017
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Rusca, Maria (author), Boakye-Ansah, Akosua Sarpong (author), Loftus, Alex (author), Ferrero, Giuliana (author), van der Zaag, P. (author)
Urban political ecology attempts to unravel and politicize the socio-ecological processes that produce uneven waterscapes. At the core of this analysis are the choreographies of power that influence how much water flows through urban infrastructure as well as where it flows, thereby shaping conditions and quality of access in cities. If these...
journal article 2017
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Modai Snir-Snir, T. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
Neighbourhood socioeconomic change is a complex phenomenon which is driven by multiple macro- and micro-level processes. Most theoretical and empirical work has focused on the role of urban-level processes, such as filtering, life-cycle, and social dynamics. For individual neighbourhoods, these processes generate flows of different socioeconomic...
working paper 2017
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Zhang, F. (author), Mazo Espinosa, M. (author), van de Wouw, N. (author)
In this paper, we deal with event-triggered feedback control for Lur'e systems that consist of negative feedback interconnection of nominal linear dynamics and an unknown static nonlinearity. The unknown nonlinearity is conventionally assumed to lie in a given sector while the sector bounds are known. In the presence of event-triggered...
conference paper 2017
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Tammaru, T. (author), Marcinzak, S (author), Aunap, R. (author), van Ham, M. (author)
The aim of this paper is to get new insight into the complex relationship between social inequalities and socioeconomic segregation by undertaking a comparative study North and South European cities. Our main finding shows that during the last global economic cycle from the 1980s through the 2000s, both levels of social inequalities and socio...
working paper 2017
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de Vuijst, E. (author), van Ham, M. (author), Kleinhans, R.J. (author)
It is well-known that socioeconomic outcomes and (dis)advantage over the life course can be transmitted from parent to child. It is increasingly suggested that these intergenerational effects also have a spatial dimension, although empirical research into this topic remains scarce. Previous research from Sweden and the United States shows that...
journal article 2017
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Musterd, Sako (author), Marcińczak, Szymon (author), van Ham, M. (author), Tammaru, T. (author)
Socioeconomic inequality is on the rise in major European cities, as are concerns over it, since it is seen as a threat to social cohesion and stability. Surprisingly, relatively little is known about the spatial dimensions of rising socioeconomic inequality. This paper builds on a study of socioeconomic segregation in 12 European cities:...
journal article 2016
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Knorringa, P (author), I, Peša (author), Leliveld, A (author), van Beers, C.P. (author)
Frugal innovation aims to bring products, services and systems within the reach of billions of poor and emerging middle-class consumers. Through significantly cutting costs while safeguarding user value, frugal innovation opens opportunities for new business models and may well disrupt innovation processes in entire economies. The debate on the...
journal article 2016
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Zwiers, M.D. (author), Bolt, G. (author), Van Ham, M. (author), Van Kempen, R. (author)
Neighborhood decline is a complex and multidimensional process. National and regional variations in economic and political structures (including varieties in national welfare state arrangements), combined with differences in neighborhood history, development, and population composition, make it impossible to identify an ideal-type process of...
journal article 2016
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Veraar, M.C. (author), Yaroslavtsev, I.S. (author)
In this paper we define a new type of quadratic variation for cylindrical continuous local martingales on an infinite dimensional spaces. It is shown that a large class of cylindrical continuous local martingales has such a quadratic variation. For this new class of cylindrical continuous local martingales we develop a stochastic integration...
journal article 2016
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Kaniewski, J. (author), Wehner, S.D.C. (author)
The goal of two-party cryptography is to enable two parties, Alice and Bob, to solve common tasks without the need for mutual trust. Examples of such tasks are private access to a database, and secure identification. Quantum communication enables security for all of these problems in the noisy-storage model by sending more signals than the...
journal article 2016
Searched for: subject:"Inequality"
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