Searched for: subject%3A%22LCA%22
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Mangana, Danai (author)
Building construction is a material-intensive process known for depleting natural resources, mainly gravel and sand, used in concrete production. At the same time, building demolition generates large amounts of construction and demolition waste (CDW), primarily consisting of end-of-life (EOL) concrete, a significant waste flow occurring in...
master thesis 2022
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Kappenburg, Abel (author)
Rubber is by the European Union stated a critical material (Critical Raw Materials, 2020). For our society the material is essential but can be depleted. The search for circular solutions for rubber is urgent. <br/><br/>In 2020 27.4 million metric tons of rubber has been produced globally (Tiseo, 2021). Around 70% of all produced rubber is used...
master thesis 2022
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Griffioen, Noah (author)
The CONE-LCA framework is a promising framework that can be used to assess the impact of food items on human health and the environment. However, the nutrition-health assessment in the CONE-LCA framework quantifies the health impacts of food at the level of food items with the use of an indicator that is based on only few nutrients and otherwise...
master thesis 2022
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Roos zich noemende en schrijvende Lindgreen, Lucas (author)
In current LCA studies, the environmental footprint of transport processes is calculated using the weight of the product and the distance travelled. This cannot be considered accurate for returnable packagings that reduce in volume when empty. The weight of the freight as well as the number of trips needed varies and is not taken into account in...
master thesis 2022
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de Jonge, Rinke (author)
The global population is growing rapidly, so the construction sector must keep up by increasing the number of houses and improving the infrastructure. The construction sector is importance to support economic growth and social development within society. However, the conflict that arises here is that the activities of the construction sector are...
master thesis 2022
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van Helmond, Emily (author)
To mitigate climate change and to reach Dutch targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions with 49% by 2030, emissions by the construction industry must be lowered. Developments regarding mass timber construction have increased the potential to do so. This thesis addresses the problem that the opportunity of reducing CO2 emissions by constructing...
master thesis 2022
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Guerrero Esquivel, Ana Judith (author)
Recovering phosphorus from manure allows to cycle a valuable nutrient back to agriculture while offering farmers a way to comply with the increasingly restrictive legislation concerning livestock manure application on agricultural land. To this end, a novel biocrystallization process in an Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Bed (UASB) reactor has been...
master thesis 2022
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van Stijn, A. (author), Eberhardt, L. C.M. (author), Jansen, B. (author), Meijer, A. (author)
The transition towards a Circular Economy (CE) in the built environment is vital to reduce environmental impacts, resource consumption and waste generation. The built environment can be made circular by replacing building components with more circular ones. There are many circular design options for building components and knowledge about...
journal article 2022
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Tsalidis, G.A. (author), Korevaar, G. (author)
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a powerful tool for achieving sustainability. Traditional LCAs analyze well defined and developed industrial systems, but recent developments of LCA focus on analyzing emerging technologies which are not yet optimized with respect to energy and materials. Therefore, LCA results of ex-ante applications can be...
journal article 2022
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Vujanović, Annamaria (author), Puhar, Jan (author), Krajnc, Damjan (author), Awad, P.W.A.A. (author), Čuček, Lidija (author)
Conventional plastic products present a serious burden to the environment, especially during their end-of-life phase. To tackle the rapid growth in plastic production, use and pollution, it is desirable to produce plastic materials more sustainably. Amongst these plastic materials which could be produced sustainably are Melamine Etherified...
journal article 2022
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Wegmann, Stephanie (author), Rytka, Christian (author), Diaz-Rodenas, Mariona (author), Werlen, Vincent (author), Schneeberger, Christoph (author), Ermanni, Paolo (author), Çağlar, B. (author), Gomez, Colin (author), Michaud, Véronique (author)
In this study, three novel thermoplastic impregnation processes were analyzed towards automotive applications. The first process is thermoplastic compression resin transfer molding in which a glass fiber mat is impregnated in through thickness by a thermoplastic polymer. The second process is a melt-thermoplastic Resin Transfer Molding (RTM)...
journal article 2022
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Patel, R.G. (author), Marvuglia, Antonino (author), Baustert, Paul (author), Huang, Yilin (author), Shivakumar, Abhishek (author), Nikolic, I. (author), Verma, T. (author)
Cities consume almost 80 percent of world’s energy and account for 60 percent of all the emissions of carbon dioxide and significant amounts of other greenhouse gases (GHG). The ongoing rapid urbanization will further increase GHG emissions of cities. The quantification of the environmental impact generated in cities is an important step to curb...
journal article 2022
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Jing, R. (author), Apostolidis, P. (author), Liu, X. (author), Erkens, S. (author), Scarpas, Athanasios (author)
Pavement materials containing epoxy-asphalt are mainly used to enhance the fatigue cracking resistance of surfacing layers on bridges. These materials have also been proposed for roadways, but limited field data are available. In this research, a fully instrumented epoxy-modified asphalt surfacing layer was applied to measure strain responses in...
journal article 2022
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Parameswaran, Vignesh (author)
Given the rising research of thin film solar cells in recent years, flexible technology has been proven to be more light weight and cost effective. As photovoltaics is increasingly becoming the front runner in sustainable energy production, concerns over the associated impacts of solar modules throughout their life cycle are also increasing....
master thesis 2021
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Mangla, Deepanshu (author)
Currently, Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete accounts for the world's 8-10% anthropogenic carbon/ greenhouse (GHG) emissions, where 90-95% of the emissions are due to the production of OPC. A 200% increase in OPC demand is projected by 2050 from 2010 levels. Therefore, it is urgent to reduce these emissions arising from its production....
master thesis 2021
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van den Boom, Gaudi (author)
This thesis studies the criticality of gallium, indium and silicon for a 1GWp production of III-V/silicon solar cells and assesses the environmental impacts and economic costs \&amp; benefits of a recycling process for these solar cells. III-V/silicon is an emerging solar cell technology, that is expected to enter the market in between 2025 and...
master thesis 2021
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Mandić, Ivana (author)
The building and civil engineering sector is the most polluting sector in the Netherlands. Therefore, there is an increasing need for circular and sustainable products and processes. High demand for raw materials and high environmental pressure of this sector could be reduced by implementing the Circular Economy (CE) principles in the public...
master thesis 2021
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Shivakumar, Nireeksha (author)
The Circular Economy (CE) in the built environment has gained attention due to the current unsustainable linear model. There are several indicators to measure the transition towards the CE in the built environment, but no consensus has been reached. Based on previous literature, the design decisions during the preliminary stage of the design...
master thesis 2021
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Tabosa da Silva, Ana Lyvia (author)
The rare-earth elements (REEs) are Europe’s most critical raw-materials group due to the high supply dependency on the Chinese REEs near-monopoly. The NdFeB permanent magnet in EOL hard disk drivers (HDDs) is an actual source of REEs. However, REEs recycling routes are still under development. Hydrometallurgical routes are attractive because...
master thesis 2021
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Makhlouf, Seba (author)
Thanks to the continuous development in its technology, solar photovoltaics is already on its way to substitute conventional energy resources as a sustainable source of energy. However, concerns regarding the environmental burden associated with the life cycle stages of the PV systems are increasing with the fast growth of the technology. This...
master thesis 2021
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