Searched for: subject:"Level%5C+of%5C+Detail"
(1 - 15 of 15)
document
Labetski, A. (author), van Gerwen, Stefan (author), Tamminga, G.F. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
CityGML, an OGC standard, is an open data model for virtual 3D city models and includes buildings, roads, terrain, water bodies, etc. While many modules are well-developed (eg buildings, bridges, tunnels), the transportation model is, based on our consultations with various government agencies and municipalities, not sufficient for most...
conference paper 2018
document
Guan, X. (author), van Oosterom, P.J.M. (author), Cheng, Bo (author)
Because of their locality preservation properties, Space-Filling Curves (SFC) have been widely used in massive point dataset management. However, the completeness, universality, and scalability of current SFC implementations are still not well resolved. To address this problem, a generic n-dimensional (nD) SFC library is proposed and...
journal article 2018
document
Ortega-Córdova, Lessie (author)
3D city models are now common planning and analysis tools. Urban vegetation as a feature in these models, however, is neglected overshadowed by the focus on buildings, so its inclusion in 3D city models is often symbolic. On the other hand, urban vegetation improves the comfort and social well being of a city’s inhabitants and is a resource for...
master thesis 2018
document
Dukai, Balázs (author)
There are several 3D city models available openly, worldwide. These models are used in various applications, from which many expects a homogeneous Level of Detail (LoD). Validating the accuracy of the LoD of a model requires the inference its LoD class and its conformance to the real-world object. This process quickly becomes infeasible for...
master thesis 2018
document
Labetski, A. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
The increasing popularity of 3D city models in navigation, urban planning, etc.,
necessitates application-specific and geometrically accurate and valid models. The concept of Levels of Detail (LoDs) indicate a model’s scale of adherence to its real-world counterpart. Highly detailed datasets often contain errors or require an exorbitant...
conference paper 2017
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Löwner, Marc-O (author), Gröger, Gerhard (author), Benner, Joachim (author), Biljecki, F. (author), Nagel, Claus (author)
The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) CityGML standard offers a Level of Detail (LoD) concept that enables the representation of CityGML features from a very detailed to a less detailed description. Due to a rising application variety, the current LoD concept seems to be too inflexible. Here, we present a multi representation concept (MRC) that...
conference paper 2016
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Biljecki, F. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
The production and dissemination of semantic 3D city models is rapidly increasing benefiting a growing number of use cases. However, their availability in multiple LODs and in the CityGML format is still problematic in practice. This hinders applications and experiments where multi-LOD datasets are required as input, for instance, to determine...
conference paper 2016
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Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
3D city models of the same region at multiple LODs are encumbered by the lack of links between corresponding objects across LODs. In practice, this causes inconsistency during updates and maintenance problems. A radical solution to this problem is to model the LOD of a model as a dimension in the geometric sense, such that a set of connected...
conference paper 2015
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Arroyo Ohori, G.A.K. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Biljecki, F. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
The various levels of detail (LODs) of a 3D city model are often stored independently, without links between the representations of the same object, causing inconsistencies, as well as update and maintenance problems. One solution to this problem is to model the LOD as an extra geometric dimension perpendicular to the three spatial ones,...
journal article 2015
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Biljecki, F. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author)
The geometry of the LOD1 block model of CityGML may be represented in a multitude of valid variants, e.g. it may represent individual buildings or aggregated blocks. The geometric representations within each of these, such as the reference of the footprint of a building, are not standardised in CityGML and are not informed in the metadata. The...
conference paper 2014
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Biljecki, F. (author), Ledoux, H. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author), Zhao, J. (author)
The level of detail in 3D city modelling, despite its usefulness and importance, is still an ambiguous and undefined term. It is used for the communication of how thoroughly real-world features have been acquired and modelled, as we demonstrate in this paper. Its definitions vary greatly between practitioners, standards and institutions. We...
journal article 2014
document
Schmal, J.P. (author)
Dynamic chemical process modelling is still largely considered an art. In this thesis the theory of large-scale chemical process modelling and validation is discussed and initial steps to extend the theory are explored. In particular we pay attention to the effect of the level of detail on the model simulation and optimisation performance. We...
doctoral thesis 2014
document
Biljecki, F. (author), Zhao, J. (author), Stoter, J.E. (author), Ledoux, H. (author)
This review paper discusses the concept of level of detail in 3D city modelling, and is a first step towards a foundation for a standardised definition. As an introduction, a few level of detail specifications, outlooks and approaches are given from the industry. The paper analyses the general uncertainties and shortcomings around the concept of...
conference paper 2013
document
Boeters, R. (author)
Where Level of Detail (LoD) allow City Geography Markup Language (CityGML) models to be shared over different application domains, only one LoD defines building interiors. As there are potentially numerous applications with a need for building interiors (but not with all the details as defined in LoD4), in order to attain a larger applicability...
master thesis 2013
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Boeters, R. (author), Donkers, S. (author), Lee, D.J. (author), Liem, V. (author), Montazeri, S. (author), van Oostveen, J. (author), Pietrzyk, P. (author)
The Geomatics Synthesis Project (GSP) was an eight-week culminating group project by seven second-year MSc. Geomatics students. The objective was to undertake group and fieldwork through a real-world project with an external organization. In association with Laboratoire des Sciences de L'Image Informatique et Teledetection (LSIIT) at the...
student report 2012
Searched for: subject:"Level%5C+of%5C+Detail"
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