Searched for: subject%3A%22Morality%22
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Konte, Maty (author), Ndubuisi, G.O. (author)
We explore the heterogeneous effect of migrant remittances on citizens' support for taxation using a sample comprising 45,000 individuals from the Afrobarometer survey round 7 [2016–2018] across 34 African countries. To correct for unobserved heterogeneity, we endogenously identify latent classes/subtypes of individuals that share similar...
journal article 2024
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de Wildt, T.E. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
Value and moral change have increasingly become topics of interest in the philosophical literature. Several theoretical accounts have been proposed. These are usually based on certain theoretical and conceptual assumptions. Their strengths and weaknesses are often difficult to determine and compare because they are based on limited empirical...
journal article 2024
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Park, Jeongwoo (author)
Moral values influence humans in decision-making. Pluralist moral philosophers argue that human morality can be represented by a finite number of moral values, respecting the differences in moral views. Recent advancements in NLP show that language models retain a discernible level of knowledge in deontological ethics and moral norms of society....
master thesis 2023
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Timmerman, Kirsten (author)
When making decisions, people are automatically guided by their moral compass. However, AI agents need to be conditioned in order to be steered towards moral behaviour. An environment that can be used to train and test agents is the Jiminy Cricket environment. The Jiminy Cricket environment consists of a set of text-based narrative games, where...
bachelor thesis 2023
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Lubbers, Rob (author)
Nowadays Large Language Models are becoming more and more prevalent in today's society. These models act without a sense of morality however. They only prioritize accomplishing their goal. Currently, little research has been done evaluating these models. The current state of the art Reinforcement Learning models represent morality by a singular...
bachelor thesis 2023
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Şerbănescu, Bianca (author)
Morality is a fundamental concept that guides humans in the decision-making process. Given the rise of large language models in society, it is necessary to ensure that they adhere to human principles, among which morality is of substantial importance. While research has been done regarding artificial agents behaving morally, current state of the...
bachelor thesis 2023
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van den Berg, T.G.C. (author)
doctoral thesis 2023
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Ruiter, Bram (author)
In light of recent failures in policy dossiers with regard to the identification of need claims of citizens, participatory procedures have been made mandatory for municipalities in the constitution of a carbon-neutral energy system. However, the legitimacy of mainstream participatory procedures is limited because guidelines for public...
master thesis 2023
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Szép, T. (author), van den Berg, T.G.C. (author), Cointe, Nicolas (author), Daniel, Aemiro Melkamu (author), Martinho, Andreia (author), Tang, Tanzhe (author), Chorus, C.G. (author)
Social routing schemes are widely regarded as promising tools to reduce traffic congestion in urban networks. We contribute to the growing literature on such schemes and their effect on travel behavior, by exploring the interaction between the characteristics and framing of the scheme on the one hand, and travelers' moral personality and moral...
journal article 2023
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Voinea, Cristina (author), Marin, L. (author), Vica, Constantin (author)
Many hypotheses have been advanced to explain the collective irrationality of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, such as partisanship and ideology, exposure to misinformation and conspiracy theories or the effectiveness of public messaging. This paper presents a complementary explanation to epistemic accounts of collective irrationality, focusing on...
journal article 2023
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Smeele, Nicholas V.R. (author), Chorus, C.G. (author), Schermer, Maartje H.N. (author), de Bekker-Grob, Esther W. (author)
Background: Discrete choice models (DCMs) for moral choice analysis will likely lead to erroneous model outcomes and misguided policy recommendations, as only some characteristics of moral decision-making are considered. Machine learning (ML) is recently gaining interest in the field of discrete choice modelling. This paper explores the...
review 2023
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van Grunsven, J.B. (author), Marin, L. (author), Stone, T.W. (author), Doorn, N. (author), Roeser, S. (author)
Moral (or ethical) sensitivity is widely viewed as a foundational learning goal in engineering ethics education. We have argued in this paper is that this view of moral sensitivity cannot be readily transported from the nursing context to the engineering context on the basis of a care-analogy. The particularized care characteristic of the...
book chapter 2023
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van den Berg, T.G.C. (author), Corrias, Luigi Dennis Alessandro (author)
Within the empirical study of moral decision making, people’s morality is often identified by measuring general moral values through a questionnaire, such as the Moral Foundations Questionnaire provided by Moral Foundations Theory (MFT). However, the success of these moral values in predicting people’s behaviour has been disappointing. The...
journal article 2023
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Kuilman, S.K. (author), Andriamahery, Koji (author), Jonker, C.M. (author), Cavalcante Siebert, L. (author)
Many technological systems these days interact with their environment with increasingly little human intervention. This situation comes with higher stakes and consequences that society needs to manage. No longer are we dealing with 404 pages: AI systems today may cause serious harm. To address this, we wish to exert a kind of control over these...
journal article 2023
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Hutton, James (author)
Jonna Vance and Preston Werner argue that humans’ mechanisms of perceptual attention tend to be sensitive to morally relevant properties. They dub this tendency “Attentional Moral Perception” (AMP) and argue that it can play all the explanatory roles that some theorists have hoped moral perception can play. In this article, I argue that,...
journal article 2023
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Szép, T. (author), van Cranenburgh, S. (author), Chorus, C.G. (author)
This paper proposes a new method to combine choice- and text data to infer moral motivations from people’s actions. To do this, we rely on moral rhetoric, in other words, extracting moral values from verbal expressions with Natural Language Processing techniques. We use moral rhetoric based on a well-established moral, psychological theory...
journal article 2023
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Agiollo, A. (author), Cavalcante Siebert, L. (author), Murukannaiah, P.K. (author), Omicini, Andrea (author)
Although popular and effective, large language models (LLM) are characterised by a performance vs. transparency trade-off that hinders their applicability to sensitive scenarios. This is the main reason behind many approaches focusing on local post-hoc explanations recently proposed by the XAI community. However, to the best of our knowledge,...
conference paper 2023
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Szép, T. (author)
Discrete Choice Models are valuable tools for quantitative decision-making analysis: they allow analysts to draw behavioural conclusions from data, better understand and predict choices, and evaluate policies. However, up until recently, they had a blind spot for morality. Moral values often play an essential role in decision-making; fairness or...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Martins Martinho Bessa, A.C. (author)
As Artificial Intelligence (AI) becomes increasingly important in modern society, there is a pressing need to address the ethical issues associated with these technologies. AI Ethics is a necessary endeavor to capitalize on the benefits of AI while minimizing its risks. However, it faces important challenges related to normative urgency, multi...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Wong, Eric (author)
In this research the influence of induced stress with a virtual reality (VR) game on moral dilemmas was investigated. VR is a topic that is becoming more and more researched, but studies about the induction of stress and the effects are scarce. By placing participants in a VR environment, where they have to defuse a bomb with the help of another...
master thesis 2022
Searched for: subject%3A%22Morality%22
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