Searched for: subject:"Morals"
(1 - 20 of 26)

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de Wildt, T.E. (author), Chappin, E.J.L. (author), van de Kaa, G. (author), Herder, P.M. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
This paper aims to anticipate social acceptance issues related to the deployment of the smart electricity grid by identifying underlying value conflicts. The smart electricity grid is a key enabler of the energy transition. Its successful deployment is however jeopardized by social acceptance issues, such as concerns related to privacy and...
journal article 2019
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de Wildt, T.E. (author), Chappin, E.J.L. (author), van de Kaa, G. (author), Herder, P.M. (author)
This paper proposes an approach to capturing and reviewing scientific literature addressing latent topics across multiple scientific fields. As latent topics like moral values are affected by word polysemy and synonymy, a traditional keyword-based approach is often ineffective and therefore inappropriate. As a result, scientific literature...
journal article 2018
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Flyvbjerg, Bent (author), Ansar, Atif (author), Budzier, Alexander (author), Buhl, Søren (author), Cantarelli, Chantal (author), Garbuio, Massimo (author), Glenting, Carsten (author), Holm, Mette Skamris (author), Lovallo, Dan (author), Lunn, Daniel (author), Molin, E.J.E. (author), Rønnest, Arne (author), Stewart, Allison (author), van Wee, G.P. (author)
This paper gives an overview of good and bad practice for understanding and curbing cost overrun in large capital investment projects, with a critique of Love and Ahiaga-Dagbui (2018) as point of departure. Good practice entails: (a) Consistent definition and measurement of overrun; in contrast to mixing inconsistent baselines, price levels,...
journal article 2018
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Alfano, M.R. (author), Rusch, Hannes (author), Uhl, Matthias (author)
contribution to periodical 2018
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Robbins-van Wynsberghe, A.L. (author), Robbins, S.A. (author)
journal article 2018
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Verdiesen, E.P. (author)
As the reach and capabilities of Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems increases, there is also a growing awareness of the ethical, legal and societal impact of the potential actions and decisions of these systems. Many are calling for guidelines and regulations that can ensure the responsible design, development, implementation, and policy of...
conference paper 2018
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Robaey, Z.H. (author), Spruit, S.L. (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author)
The Safe-by-Design approach in synthetic biology holds the promise of designing the building blocks of life in an organism guided by the value of safety. This paves a new way for using biotechnologies safely. However, the Safe-by-Design approach moves the bulk of the responsibility for safety to the actors in the research and development...
journal article 2017
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Di Nucci, Ezio (author)
David Shoemaker has claimed that a binary approach to moral responsibility leaves out something important, namely instances of marginal agency, cases where agents seem to be eligible for some responsibility responses but not others. In this paper we endorse and extend Shoemaker’s approach by presenting and discussing one more case of marginal...
journal article 2017
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Priemus, H. (author), Haffner, M.E.A. (author)
In 2006, responsibility for implementing the Dutch housing allowance system was transferred from the Ministry of Housing to the Tax Authority. It has since been renamed, and is now known as the ‘rent rebate system’. A number of dilemmas have become evident since the 2006 changes. Attention has shifted to how to implement the system effectively:...
journal article 2017
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Christen, Markus (author), Gordijn, Bert (author), Weber, Karsten (author), van de Poel, I.R. (author), Yaghmaei, E. (author)
Cybersecurity is of capital importance in a world where economic and social processes increasingly rely on digital technology. Although the primary ethical motivation of cybersecurity is prevention of informational or physical harm, its enforcement can also entail conflicts with other moral values. This contribution provides an outline of value...
journal article 2017
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Robaey, Z.H. (author)
The use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture makes great promises of better seeds, but also raises many controversies about ownership of seeds and about potential hazards. I suggest that owners of these seeds bear the responsibility to do no harm in using these seeds. After defining the nature of this responsibility, this paper...
journal article 2016
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Robaey, Z.H. (author)
Genetically modified organisms are a technology now used with increasing frequency in agriculture. Genetically modified seeds have the special characteristic of being living artefacts that can reproduce and spread; thus it is difficult to control where they end up. In addition, genetically modified seeds may also bring about uncertainties for...
journal article 2016
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Ertsen, M.W. (author)
This paper argues that human and material agents co-shape ‘morality’. Water systems will be discussed in more detail. Artefacts (technologies) relate humans and their worlds, but the specifics of this relationship become meaningful only within specific actor-networks. As such, the material influences the moral decisions of humans. Examples...
journal article 2016
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De Greef, T.E. (author), Leveringhaus, A. (author)
Advanced warfare technologies (AWT) create unprecedented capabilities to control the delivery of military force up to the point, some argue, that we are loosing humanity. But dependence on them generates difficult moral challenges impacting the decision-making process, which are only beginning to be addressed. In order to arrive at an informed...
journal article 2015
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Van der Voort, M. (author), Pieters, W. (author), Consoli, L. (author)
In the past decades, computers have become more and more involved in society by the rise of ubiquitous systems, increasing the number of interactions between humans and IT systems. At the same time, the technology itself is getting more complex, enabling devices to act in a way that previously only humans could, based on developments in the...
journal article 2015
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Caviola, L. (author), Mannino, A. (author), Savulescu, J. (author), Faulmüller, N. (author)
Research into cognitive biases that impair human judgment has mostly been applied to the area of economic decision-making. Ethical decision-making has been comparatively neglected. Since ethical decisions often involve very high individual as well as collective stakes, analyzing how cognitive biases affect them can be expected to yield important...
journal article 2014
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De Boer, J. (author)
Our closest relative the chimpanzee seems to display proto-moral behavior. Some scholars emphasize the similarities between humans and chimpanzees, others some key differences. This paper aims is to formulate a set of intermediate conditions between a sometimes helpful chimpanzee and moral man. I specify these intermediate conditions as...
journal article 2011
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Doorn, N. (author)
The introduction of new technologies can be accompanied by risks and unforeseen side-effects, often with high impact. If no-one is responsible for addressing these risks and side-effects, the implementation of technologies might result in harmful consequences for society. It is therefore desirable that the prevention of these negative aspects of...
doctoral thesis 2011
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Van den Hoven, J. (author), Lokhorst, G.J. (author), Van de Poel, I. (author)
When thinking about ethics, technology is often only mentioned as the source of our problems, not as a potential solution to our moral dilemmas. When thinking about technology, ethics is often only mentioned as a constraint on developments, not as a source and spring of innovation. In this paper, we argue that ethics can be the source of...
journal article 2011
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Lokhorst, G.J. (author)
It has been argued that ethically correct robots should be able to reason about right and wrong. In order to do so, they must have a set of do’s and don’ts at their disposal. However, such a list may be inconsistent, incomplete or otherwise unsatisfactory, depending on the reasoning principles that one employs. For this reason, it might be...
journal article 2011
Searched for: subject:"Morals"
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