Searched for: subject%3A%22Multipath%22
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Goel, Saransh (author)
This research investigates the impact of multipath signals in UWB communications and explores their potential to improve localization accuracy of tags using the additional information captured in the Channel Impulse Response (CIR). While traditional localization typically relies on multiple anchors, this study focuses on using a single anchor...
master thesis 2024
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Guendel, R.G. (author), Kruse, N.C. (author), Fioranelli, F. (author), Yarovoy, Alexander (author)
In this study, the problem of multipath in radar sensor networks for human activity recognition (HAR) has been examined. Traditionally considered as a source of additional clutter, the multipath is being investigated for its potential to be exploited through the creation of virtual radar nodes. These virtual nodes are conceptualized to...
journal article 2024
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Locatelli, A. (author), Alvarez-Perez, Jose Luis (author), Yarovoy, Alexander (author)
Multi-path propagation over asphalt road surfaces at automotive radar frequencies is studied. A new expression for the reflection coefficient from asphalt which takes into account asphalt surface roughness is proposed. The classic two-ray method to take into account the multi-path is improved using antenna radiation patterns and the antenna tilt...
conference paper 2024
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Rufas Talamàs, Bet (author)
In the Roadmap of 2025, EURO NCAP has announced that it will reward car manufacturers that include Child Presence Detection (CPD) technologies in their vehicles starting from 2022. Additionally, seat belt detectors are currently based on pressure sensors which can be falsely triggered with large objects placed on the seats. By basing the...
master thesis 2022
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Dun, H. (author)
Accurate position solutions are in high demand for many emerging applications. Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), however, may not meet the required positioning performance, especially in urban environments, due to multipath and weak received power of the GNSS signal that can be easily blocked by surrounding objects. To achieve a high...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Lăpădat, Alexandru M. (author), Tiberius, C.C.J.M. (author), Teunissen, P.J.G. (author)
Smartphone accelerometers and low-cost Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) equipment have faced rapid and important advancement, opening a new door to deformation monitoring applications such as landslide, plate tectonics and structural health monitoring (SHM). The precision potential and operational feasibility of the equipment play an...
journal article 2021
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Mercuri, Marco (author), Lu, Yiting (author), Polito, Salvatore (author), Wieringa, Fokko (author), van der Veen, A.J. (author), Van Hoof, Chris (author), Torfs, Tom (author)
Objective: Over the last two decades, radar-based contactless monitoring of vital signs (heartbeat and respiration rate) has raised increasing interest as an emerging and added value to health care. However, until now, the flaws caused by indoor multipath propagation formed a fundamental hurdle for the adoption of such technology in practical...
journal article 2021
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Dun, H. (author), Tiberius, C.C.J.M. (author), Diouf, C.E.V. (author), Janssen, G.J.M. (author)
This paper presents a methodology to design a sparse multiband ranging signal with a large virtual bandwidth, from which time delay and carrier phase are estimated by a low complexity multivariate maximum likelihood (ML) method. In the estimation model for a multipath channel, not all reflected paths are considered, and time delay and carrier...
journal article 2021
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Wan, Lin (author)
In the last two decades, radar-based contactless vital signs monitoring (heartbeat and respiration rate) has raised increasing interest as an emerging approach for healthcare and complementary for other more established technologies. Heartbeat and respiration induce only very subtle rhythmic changes in the reflected radar signature, whereas the...
master thesis 2020
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Lăpădat, Alexandru Mihai (author)
Under urban sprawl the trend of new established complex structures has rapidly increased. In this context maintenance plays a major role and monitoring of such structures represents a first important step in combating disasters. Over the last years low-cost Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) equipment has faced rapid and important...
student report 2020
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Kazaz, T. (author), Coutino, Mario (author), Janssen, G.J.M. (author), van der Veen, A.J. (author)
In this paper, we focus on the problem of blind joint calibration of multiband transceivers and time-delay (TD) estimation of multipath channels. We show that this problem can be formulated as a particular case of covariance matching. Although this problem is severely ill-posed, prior information about radio-frequency chain distortions and...
conference paper 2020
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Dun, H. (author), Tiberius, C.C.J.M. (author), Diouf, C.E.V. (author), Janssen, G.J.M. (author)
Time-based ranging accuracy is inversely proportional to the signal bandwidth. A larger the signal bandwidth leads to a higher accuracy of time delay estimation, but more complex hardware is needed. Alternatively, we explore the idea of using multiple narrow signal bands (e.g., 10 MHz of each) to create a large virtual signal bandwidth, which...
conference paper 2020
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Dun, H. (author), Tiberius, C.C.J.M. (author), Janssen, G.J.M. (author)
In developing a high accuracy terrestrial radio navigation system, as a complement to a global navigation satellite system (GNSS), it is recognized that the performance of time delay estimation is proportional to, and thereby limited by, the signal bandwidth. Given a possibly narrow signal bandwidth, the central carrier phase can,...
journal article 2020
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Jiang, J. (author)
This Ph.D. dissertation describes the theory and realization of wide-bandwidth magnetic sensors for current measurements which breach the conventional offset and noise constraints in CMOS processes. These are achieved by several circuit-level and system-level innovations, including the use of three orthogonal ripple reduction loops (RRLs) in...
doctoral thesis 2019
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Kazaz, T. (author), Rajan, R.T. (author), Janssen, G.J.M. (author), van der Veen, A.J. (author)
Achieving high resolution time-of-arrival (TOA) estimation in multipath propagation scenarios from bandlimited observations of communication signals is challenging because the multipath channel impulse response (CIR) is not bandlimited. Modeling the CIR as a sparse sequence of Diracs, TOA estimation becomes a problem of parametric spectral...
conference paper 2019
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Wang, Kan (author), Chen, Pei (author), Zaminpardaz, S. (author), Teunissen, P.J.G. (author)
In this contribution we analyze the single-frequency L5 positioning capabilities of the two regional satellite navigation systems IRNSS and QZSS, stand alone as well as combined. The positioning analysis is done for two different baselines, having a mix of receivers, providing ambiguity-float and ambiguity-fixed positioning for models with...
journal article 2019
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Zaminpardaz, S. (author), Wang, Kan (author), Teunissen, P.J.G. (author)
The Japanese Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) has recently (October 2017) reached its first 4-satellite constellation. In this contribution, the standalone performance of this 4-satellite QZSS constellation is assessed by means of its triple-frequency (L1 + L2 + L5) real-time kinematic (RTK) integer ambiguity resolution and precise...
journal article 2018
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Ardelean, Andrei (author)
Simulating large spiking neural networks (SNN) with a high level of<br/>realism in a field programmable gate array (FPGA) requires efficient<br/>network architectures that satisfy both resource and interconnect constraints, as well as changes in traffic patterns due to learning processes.<br/>Based on a clustered SNN simulator concept, in this...
master thesis 2017
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Stokkink, Q.A. (author)
There are two key components for high throughput distributed anonymizing applications. The first key component is overhead due to message complexity of the utilized algorithms. The second key component is an nonscalable architecture to deal with this high throughput. These issues are compounded by the need for anonymization. Using a state of the...
master thesis 2017
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Jiang, J. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper proposes a multipath multisensor architecture for CMOS magnetic sensors, which effectively extends their bandwidth without compromising either their offset or resolution. Two designs utilizing the proposed architecture were fabricated in a 0.18-μm standard CMOS process. In the first, the combination of spinning-current Hall sensors...
journal article 2017
Searched for: subject%3A%22Multipath%22
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