Searched for: subject%3A%22Railway%255C+tracks%22
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Zeng, Y. (author), Nunez, Alfredo (author), Li, Z. (author)
A transfer function (TF) is an effective representation of the load-response relationship of railway track structures. To fill the gap in measuring track structure TFs over a wide frequency range from a moving vehicle, we develop a TF measurement system and the associated TF estimation methodology. Accelerometers are utilized to estimate the...
journal article 2024
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Unsiwilai, S. (author), Shen, C. (author), Zeng, Y. (author), Wang, L. (author), Nunez, Alfredo (author), Li, Z. (author)
This study presents a measuring framework for railway transition zones using a case study on the Swedish line between Boden and Murjek. The final goal is to better understand the vertical dynamics of transition zones using hammer tests, falling weight measurements, and axle box acceleration (ABA) measurements. Frequency response functions ...
journal article 2024
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Zeng, Y. (author)
doctoral thesis 2023
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Collot d'Escury, Frederik (author)
Railway transportation is crucial to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and meeting increasing global demand for passenger and freight transport. To maintain a reliable, high-capacity railway infrastructure, regular and accurate maintenance is necessary. The recent development of a Rail-based Track<br/>Surveying System that can be mounted on any...
master thesis 2023
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Shen, C. (author), Zhang, P. (author), Dollevoet, R.P.B.J. (author), Zoeteman, A. (author), Li, Z. (author)
While various train-borne techniques have been developed for measuring railway track stiffness, differentiating stiffness at different track layers remains a challenge. This study proposes a digital twin framework for the vehicle–track interaction system, which enables track stiffness evaluations based on axle box accelerations (ABA). The...
journal article 2023
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Shi, Can (author), Fan, Zheng (author), Connolly, David P. (author), Jing, Guoqing (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Guo, Y. (author)
Railway ballast performance is dictated by a complex mix of mechanical properties. These effect its performance at the particle level for example in terms of particle degradation, but also at the track system level in terms of settlement and stability. Therefore this paper seeks to develop new understandings of ballast behaviour and identify...
review 2023
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Jia, W. (author), Markine, V.L. (author), Guo, Y. (author)
The railway ballast layer provides the function of bearing loading, resisting geometry degradation, and drainage. In those related research, the behaviour of ballast assembly can be obtained by laboratory (or in-situ) tests. Limited simulation methods can be used to analyse the behaviour of ballast particles at the mesoscopic level. The...
journal article 2023
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Zeng, Y. (author), Nunez, Alfredo (author), Li, Z. (author)
Due to train load and aging, the dynamic properties of railway tracks degrade over time and deviate over space, which should be monitored to facilitate track maintenance decisions. A train-borne laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV) can directly measure track vibrations in response to the moving train load, which can be potentially applied to large...
conference paper 2023
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Zeng, Y. (author), Nunez, Alfredo (author), Li, Z. (author)
Speckle noise is a major problem for structural vibration measurements with Laser Doppler vibrometer on moving platform (LDVom) due to its highly random, frequent, and broadband nature, especially at high speeds. This paper develops a new post-processing framework to reduce speckle noise based on a case study of LDVom measurements on railway...
journal article 2022
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Shang, Y. (author), Nogal Macho, M. (author), Wolfert, A.R.M. (author)
A co-simulation solution based on direct equilibrium of contact forces is proposed to simulate vehicle-track interaction (VTI) dynamics. It is developed in two platforms, which presents an iterative feedback loop that exchanges contact force files and structure response field in real-time. The load vector acting on the structure is described by...
book chapter 2022
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Bolhuis, Remco (author)
An important subject in the research on the behaviour of railway structures is the validation of numerical models by means of in-track measurements. Many forms of track measurements have taken place all over the world, mainly in the sense of strain and acceleration measurements, but a more unexplored area is that of the direct measurement of...
master thesis 2021
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Schoorl, Jinse (author)
Soil is an important part of a railway track structure. It provides the foundation for the structure and distributes the imposed loads. Consequently, soil has an influence on the condition of a track structure and a low quality soil can ultimately cause failure of the track structure. To be able to include the condition of a soil in the...
bachelor thesis 2021
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Shen, C. (author), Dollevoet, R.P.B.J. (author), Li, Z. (author)
We propose to combine a physics-based finite element (FE) track model and a data-driven Gaussian process regression (GPR) model to directly infer railpad and ballast stiffness from measured frequency response functions (FRF) by field hammer tests. Conventionally, only the rail resonance and full track resonance are used as the FRF features to...
journal article 2021
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Liu, X. (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
This paper presents the investigation of the root causes of the fast degradation of a railway crossing. The dynamic performance of the crossing was assessed using the sensor-based crossing instrumentation, and the measurement results were verified using the multi-body system (MBS) vehicle-crossing model. Together with the field inspections,...
journal article 2020
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Jing, Guoqing (author), Wang, Jingru (author), Wang, Haoyu (author), Siahkouhi, Mohammad (author)
Recently, implementing steel slag ballast has been proposed as an appropriate material to substitute stone ballast. In this regard, one of the technical concerns is the behavior of steel slag ballast in both time and frequency domains that needs to be assessed, properly. Furthermore, the combination of stone ballast and steel slag is...
journal article 2020
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Wang, Haoyu (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
Transition zones in railway tracks are the locations with considerable variation in the vertical stiffness of supporting structures. Typically, they are located near engineering structures, such as bridges, culverts, tunnels and level crossings. In such locations, the variation of the vertical stiffness and the differential track settlement...
journal article 2018
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Nunez, Alfredo (author), Popa, Tudor (author), Anghel, Lucian Emmanuel (author), Hendriks, J.M. (author), Moraal, J. (author), Buretea, Laurentiu Dorin (author), Paragreen, Jon (author), Miron, Berbece (author), Gheorghe, Draghici (author), Campean, Mihail (author), Dollevoet, R.P.B.J. (author), Li, Z. (author)
In this paper, we present preliminary results on the development of smart technology solutions for lower density railway lines. The goal is to reach a cost effective inspection and asset management to minimize maintenance<br/>interventions time/cost without dedicated inspection vehicles. The proposed methods include axle box acceleration...
conference paper 2018
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Wang, Haoyu (author), Markine, V.L. (author)
Transition zones in railway tracks are the locations with considerable changes in the vertical support structures. Typically, they are located near engineering structures, such as bridges, culverts, tunnels and level crossings. In such locations, the variation of the vertical stiffness and the differential settlement of the track (when the...
journal article 2018
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Jamshidi, A. (author), Nunez, Alfredo (author), Dollevoet, R.P.B.J. (author), Li, Z. (author)
This paper presents a condition-based treatment methodology for a type of rail surface defect called squat. The proposed methodology is based on a set of robust and predictive fuzzy key performance indicators. A fuzzy Takagi-Sugeno interval model is used to predict squat evolution for different scenarios over a time horizon. Models including...
journal article 2017
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Oregui Echeverria-Berreyarza, M. (author), Nunez, Alfredo (author), Dollevoet, R.P.B.J. (author), Li, Z. (author)
This paper presents a sensitivity analysis of railpad parameters on vertical railway track dynamics, incorporating the nonlinear behavior of the fastening (i.e., downward forces compress the railpad whereas upward forces are resisted by the clamps). For this purpose, solid railpads, rail-railpad contact and preloaded springs are defined in a...
journal article 2016
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