Searched for: subject%3A%22Seawater%255C+desalination%22
(1 - 10 of 10)
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Huisman, Kees Theo (author), Franco-Clavijo, Natalia (author), Vrouwenvelder, J.S. (author), Blankert, Bastiaan (author)
In this study, a biofouling index based on the relative pressure drop is presented to quantitatively evaluate the amount of fouling in spacer-filled membrane filtration channels. The biofouling index was defined as the inverse of the time to reach a relative pressure drop of 100% and can be interpreted as a fouling rate or cleaning frequency....
journal article 2023
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Abushaban, Almotasembellah (author), Salinas-Rodriguez, Sergio G. (author), Philibert, Marc (author), Le Bouille, L.C.M. (author), Necibi, Mohamed Chaker (author), Chehbouni, Abdelghani (author)
Many desalination plants still struggle to control biological fouling in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) systems as there are no standard methods to monitor this type of fouling. Strategies to control biofouling in SWRO systems have been proposed such as antifouling coating and lowering biofouling potential in SWRO feedwater through...
review 2022
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van Hanswijk, Daniel (author)
Growth of the population, industry and agriculture increases the demand for fresh water. However, with only a small portion of the water on earth being suitable for direct human use and consumption, this growth makes water scarcity an increasing problem. Seawater desalination is an effective method to counter such water stress. Reverse Osmosis ...
master thesis 2021
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Sanawar, H. (author), Kim, L. H. (author), Farhat, N. M. (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author), Vrouwenvelder, J.S. (author)
Biofouling is one of the major factors causing decline in membrane performance in reverse osmosis (RO) plants, and perhaps the biggest hurdle of membrane technology. Chemical cleaning is periodically carried out at RO membrane installations aiming to restore membrane performance. Typical cleaning agents used in the water treatment industry...
journal article 2021
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Javier, Luisa (author), Pulido-Beltran, Laura (author), Kruithof, Joop (author), Vrouwenvelder, J.S. (author), Farhat, Nadia M. (author)
Biofouling is a problem that hinders sustainable membrane-based desalination and the stratification of bacterial populations over the biofilm’s height is suggested to compromise the efficiency of cleaning strategies. Some studies reported a base biofilm layer attached to the membrane that is harder to remove. Previous research suggested...
journal article 2021
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Javier, Luisa (author), Farhat, Nadia M. (author), Vrouwenvelder, J.S. (author)
A critical problem in seawater reverse osmosis (RO) filtration processes is biofilm accumulation, which reduces system performance and increases energy requirements. As a result, membrane systems need to be periodically cleaned by combining chemical and physical protocols. Nutrient limitation in the feed water is a strategy to control biofilm...
journal article 2021
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Abushaban, Almotasembellah (author)
Seawater desalination is increasingly used as a means to augment freshwater supplies in regions of the world with high water stress, and reverse osmosis is increasingly the technology of choice because of the lower energy consumption compared to thermal systems. However, seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) systems suffer from various types of...
doctoral thesis 2019
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Jarquin Laguna, A. (author), Greco, F. (author)
The integration of renewable energy sources to power seawater desalination is crucial to mitigate CO2 emissions and to face the increasing challenges that are stressing fresh water resources depletion. In particular wind energy is one of the most cost-effective forms of renewable energy with a high potential to reduce the seawater desalination's...
conference paper 2019
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Villacorte, L.O. (author)
Seawater desalination is rapidly growing in terms of installed capacity (~80 million m3/day in 2013), plant size and global application. An emerging threat to this technology is the seasonal proliferation of microscopic algae in seawater known as algal blooms. Such blooms have caused operational problems in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plants...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Reijtenbagh, R. (author)
In 2008, the author has conducted a research study on behalf of the Caribbean Water Association on the consequences of the constitutional change of the Netherlands Antilles for the drinking water supply on Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba (BES). This research study formed the basis for further research in the form of this MSc. thesis. Being the...
master thesis 2010
Searched for: subject%3A%22Seawater%255C+desalination%22
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