Searched for: subject:"Sediments"
(1 - 20 of 521)

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Gaida, T.C. (author)
With the increasing human activities in the marine environment, such as fisheries, dredging, coastal protection or construction of marine infrastructure, seabed sediment and habitat mapping have become highly relevant for the development of sustainable marine management strategies. Compared to traditional mapping methods, primarily based on bed...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Gaida, T.C. (author), van Dijk, T.A.G.P. (author), Snellen, M. (author), Vermaas, Tommer (author), Mesdag, Chris (author), Simons, D.G. (author)
Natural and man-induced coastal erosion endanger life and environment in coastal areas worldwide. For sedimentary barrier coasts, beach and underwater nourishments are an efficient coastal protection strategy. To optimize nourishments and to understand their impact on the marine environment, monitoring strategies are required. In this study,...
journal article 2020
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Simmons, S. M. (author), Azpiroz Zabala, M. (author), Cartigny, M. J.B. (author), Clare, M. A. (author), Cooper, C. (author), Parsons, D. R. (author), Pope, E. L. (author), Sumner, E. J. (author), Talling, P. J. (author)
Turbidity currents transport prodigious volumes of sediment to the deep sea. But there are very few direct measurements from oceanic turbidity currents, ensuring they are poorly understood. Recent studies have used acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) to measure velocity profiles of turbidity currents. However, there were no detailed...
journal article 2020
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Vos, S.E. (author), Spaans, Lennard (author), Reniers, A.J.H.M. (author), Holman, Rob (author), McCall, Robert (author), de Vries, S. (author)
Intertidal bars are naturally occurring morphological features along the waterline of sandy beaches. Present quantitative knowledge on intertidal bar behavior is limited, due to the scarcity of data resources and the limitations of traditional survey techniques. To investigate and quantify the cross-shore morphologic behavior of intertidal...
journal article 2020
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van de Velde, Sebastiaan J. (author), Hidalgo-Martinez, Silvia (author), Callebaut, Ine (author), Antler, Gilad (author), James, Rebecca K. (author), Leermakers, Martine (author), Meysman, F.J.R. (author)
The East Anglian salt marsh system (UK) has recently generated intriguing data with respect to sediment biogeochemistry. Neighbouring ponds in these salt marshes show two distinct regimes of redox cycling: the sediments are either iron-rich and bioturbated, or they are sulphide-rich and unbioturbated. No conclusive explanation has yet been...
journal article 2020
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Ge, Jianzhong (author), Chen, Changsheng (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author), Ke, Keteng (author), Yi, Jinxu (author), Ding, Ping Xing (author)
Fluid mud (FM) is a unique sedimentary feature in high-turbidity estuaries, where it can make a rapid contribution to morphodynamics. Insufficient field measurements and fixed-point monitoring lead to deficient understandings of the formation, transport, and breakdown of the FM under extreme weather conditions. A field survey was conducted in...
journal article 2020
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Geelhoed, Jeanine S. (author), Van de Velde, S.J.F. (author), Meysman, F.J.R. (author)
Cable bacteria (Deltaproteobacteria, Desulfobulbaceae) are long filamentous sulfur-oxidizing bacteria that generate long-distance electric currents running through the bacterial filaments. This way, they couple the oxidation of sulfide in deeper sediment layers to the reduction of oxygen or nitrate near the sediment-water interface. Cable...
journal article 2020
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Montes, Carlos (author), Berardi, Luigi (author), Kapelan, Z. (author), Saldarriaga, Juan (author)
Sediment transport in sewer systems is an important issue of interest to engineering practice. Several models have been developed in the past to predict a threshold velocity or shear stress resulting in self-cleansing flow conditions in a sewer pipe. These models, however, could still be improved. This paper develops three new self-cleansing...
journal article 2020
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Gaida, T.C. (author), Mohammadloo, Tannaz H. (author), Snellen, M. (author), Simons, D.G. (author)
Multi-frequency multibeam backscatter (BS) has indicated, in particular for fine sediments, the potential for increasing the discrimination between different seabed environments. Fine sediments are expected to have a varying signal penetration within the frequency range of modern multibeam echosounders (MBESs). Therefore, it is unknown to...
journal article 2020
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Karamitopoulos, P. (author), Weltje, G.J. (author), Dalman, Rory A.F. (author)
Multiscale simulation of fluvio-deltaic stratigraphy was used to quantify the elements of the geometry and architectural arrangement of sub-seismic-scale fluvial-to-shelf sedimentary segments. We conducted numerical experiments of fluvio-deltaic system evolution by simulating the accommodation-to-sediment-supply (A/S) cycles of varying...
journal article 2020
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van Maren, D.S. (author), Vroom, J. (author), Fettweis, M. (author), Vanlede, J.D.S.M. (author)
Despite availability of a large amount of observational data and modelling studies, the mechanisms maintaining the Turbidity Maximum in the Belgian-Dutch coastal zone around the port of Zeebrugge (Belgium) are insufficiently understood. In order to better understand the dynamics of this turbidity maximum we examine the role of baroclinic ...
journal article 2020
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Montes, Carlos (author), Vanegas, Sergio (author), Kapelan, Z. (author), Berardi, Luigi (author), Saldarriaga, Juan (author)
Multiple models from the literature and experimental datasets have been developed and collected to predict sediment transport in sewers. However, all these models were developed for smaller sewer pipes, i.e. using experimental data collected on pipes with diameters smaller than 500 mm. To address this issue, new experimental data were...
journal article 2020
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Chassagne, C. (author), Safar, Z. (author)
Despite recent advancement in the field of sediment transport, the integration of cohesive sediment properties in large-scale transport models remain a challenging task. In order to model adequately the change in particle size that occurs in different environmental conditions, flocculation models based on the so-called Population Balance...
journal article 2020
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Rietveld, M.W.J. (author), Clemens, F.H.L.R. (author), Langeveld, J.G. (author)
Runoff entering urban drainage systems contains suspended solids, which carry pollutants and may cause blockages in downstream parts of the system (for example infiltration facilities). Suspended solids inflow should, therefore, preferably be controlled by solids removal at gully pots. This paper presents the results of lab experiments on the...
journal article 2020
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Mathew, R. (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author)
Estuarine sediment dynamics are a consequence of various forcings (barotropic, estuarine circulation, and fluvial) that vary in space and time. Here, we present a study examining sediment dynamics in a narrow microtidal estuary, the Lower Passaic River in New Jersey, USA. The analysis incorporates measurements of suspended sediments,...
journal article 2020
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Shajahan, M.T. (author), Breugem, W.P. (author)
Macroscopic properties of sedimenting suspensions have been studied extensively and can be characterized using the Galileo number (Ga), solid-to-fluid density ratio (π<sub>p</sub>) and mean solid volume concentration (ϕ¯). However, the particle–particle and particle–fluid interactions that dictate these macroscopic trends have been...
journal article 2020
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Alhaddad, S.M.S. (author), Labeur, R.J. (author), Uijttewaal, W.S.J. (author)
This paper starts with surveying the state-of-the-art knowledge of breaching flow slides, with an emphasis on the relevant fluid mechanics. The governing physical processes of breaching flow slides are explained. The paper highlights the important roles of the associated turbidity current and the frequent surficial slides in increasing the...
journal article 2020
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Shakeel, A. (author), Kirichek, Alex (author), Chassagne, C. (author)
Mud sediments can exhibit a complex rheological behaviour particularly a thixotropic character or structural recovery after breakup due to the presence of organic matter/biopolymer. Such biopolymers can lead towards the development of flocculated structures having multiple length scales which are sensitive to shearing rate and history. In...
journal article 2020
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Cordier, Florian (author), Tassi, Pablo (author), Claude, Nicolas (author), Crosato, A. (author), Rodrigues, Stéphane (author), Pham Van Bang, Damien (author)
Bars are large sediment deposits alternating with deeper areas that arise from alluvial river bed instability and forcing. The present study aimed at investigating the combined influence of flow and longitudinal width variations on the co-evolution between bar pattern and sediment sorting in a sandy-gravel river reach. To this goal, a fully...
journal article 2020
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Pearson, S.G. (author), van Prooijen, Bram (author), Elias, Edwin P.L. (author), Vitousek, Sean (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author)
Connectivity provides a framework for analyzing coastal sediment transport pathways, building on conceptual advances in graph theory from other scientific disciplines. Connectivity schematizes sediment pathways as a directed graph (i.e., a set of nodes and links). This study presents a novel application of graph theory and connectivity...
journal article 2020
Searched for: subject:"Sediments"
(1 - 20 of 521)

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