Searched for: subject%3A%22SiPM%22
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document
van der Sar, S.J. (author), Brunner, Stefan (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
We investigate X-ray photon-counting scintillation detectors with silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) readout. These circumvent some drawbacks of direct-conversion detectors. We measured observed count rate (OCR) versus X-ray tube current for single-pixel detectors consisting of LYSO:Ce and YAP:Ce scintillators coupled to ultrafast SiPMs. For a 30...
journal article 2022
document
Schaart, D.R. (author)
The imaging performance of clinical positron emission tomography (PET) systems has evolved impressively during the last ∼15 years. A main driver of these improvements has been the introduction of time-of-flight (TOF) detectors with high spatial resolution and detection efficiency, initially based on photomultiplier tubes, later silicon...
review 2021
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Venialgo Araujo, E. (author), Lusardi, Nicola (author), Garzetti, Fabio (author), Geraci, Angelo (author), Brunner, S. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author), Charbon-Iwasaki-Charbon, E. (author)
Typically, a time-of-flight (TOF) PET block detector is built using application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), since they integrate a high number of channels at a reasonable power consumption and into a small area. However, ASICs’ flexibility is limited and prototyping times are long because a semiconductor fabrication process is required...
journal article 2018
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Muntean, Andrada (author)
The thesis presents a design that implements digitization of an analog SiPM's fast output on chip realized in order to minimize the complexity and increase the photon detection granularity. The design comprises a time-to-digital converter (TDC) in 0.35um CMOS technology. The TDC is a multi-path gated ring oscillator with a 6 bit counter for...
master thesis 2017
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Brunner, S. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
Due to detector developments in the last decade, the time-of-flight (TOF) method is now commonly used to improve the quality of positron emission tomography (PET) images. Clinical TOF-PET systems based on L(Y)SO:Ce crystals and silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) with coincidence resolving times (CRT) between 325 ps and 400 ps FWHM have recently...
journal article 2017
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Gong, T. (author)
The endoscopic time-of-flight (TOF) positron emission tomography (PET) concept has many advantages compared with the traditional PET system. It improves the image quality by delivering higher spatial resolution and enhancing the signal-to-noise ratio. Implementing the endoscopic TOF PET system in an ultrasonic probe requires an ultra...
master thesis 2015
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Mandai, S. (author)
This thesis discusses the potential of CMOS based SiPMs, especially for TOF PET applications, in a systematic and comprehensive fashion. CMOS based SPADs are still need to be designed carefully to improve fill factor, TDCs be improved from the point of the area and power consumption, and the necessity of high voltage for SPADs be handled...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Seifert, S. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medical imaging modality. Its aim is to visualize the 3-dimensional distribution of a radiopharmaceutical (also called the tracer) within a patient (clinical PET) or test-animal (in case of preclinical investigations). The information that can be obtained from the reconstructed distribution depends...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Van Dam, H.T. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is one of the key medical imaging modalities in the diagnosis and staging of e.g. cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The image formation is based on the measurement of annihilation photon pairs in the detector ring of the PET scanner. The diagnostic value of a PET image depends crucially on the image quality,...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Van Dam, H.T. (author), Seifert, S. (author), Vinke, R. (author), Dendooven, P. (author), Löhner, H. (author), Beekman, F.J. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
The response of a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) to optical signals is inherently nonproportional due to saturation, afterpulsing, and crosstalk. Existing models of the SiPM response do not account for all of these effects, and therefore, these models are not sufficiently accurate for many applications. In this work, a comprehensive model of the...
journal article 2010
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Seifert, S. (author), Van Dam, H.T. (author), Huizenga, J. (author), Vinke, R. (author), Dendooven, P. (author), Löhner, H. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
In a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM), also referred to as multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC), many Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes (GM-APDs) are connected in parallel so as to combine the photon counting capabilities of each of these so-called microcells into a proportional light sensor. The discharge of a single microcell is relatively well...
journal article 2009
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