Searched for: subject%3A%22Turbidity%22
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Cheng, H. Q. (author), Chen, W. (author), Li, J. F. (author), Jiang, Y. H. (author), Hu, X. (author), Zhang, X. L. (author), Zhou, F. N. (author), Hu, F. X. (author), Stive, M.J.F. (author)
The estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) in the Yangtze Estuary Delta (YED) is muddy by definition and lacks bottom undulations. However, since 2013, a remarkable change has occurred in the YED. Recent images detected by a multibeam echosounder system, SeaBat 7125, for the first time have confirmed widespread regions of subaqueous dunes in the...
journal article 2022
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Wang, Jinyang (author), Dijkstra, Y.M. (author), de Swart, Huib E. (author)
An estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) results from various subtidal sediment transport mechanisms related to, e.g., river, tides, and density gradients, which have been extensively analysed in single-channel estuaries. However, ETMs have also been found in estuaries composed of multiple interconnected tidal channels, where the water and...
journal article 2022
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Elerian, M.F.A.I. (author), van Rhee, C. (author), Helmons, R.L.J. (author)
Renewable energy installations and energy storage solutions require significant quantities of critical raw materials such as nickel, cobalt and rare earth metals. The supply chains of these raw materials face many difficulties, such as the continuous decrease of mineral ore grades on land. In view of these complications, the motivation to...
journal article 2022
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Zhu, C. (author), van Maren, D.S. (author), Guo, Leicheng (author), Lin, J. (author), He, Qing (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author)
The mechanisms controlling the formation of an estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) in estuaries have been extensively investigated, but one aspect that has received much less scientific attention is the role of high suspended sediment concentrations in combination with tidal asymmetry in ETM formation. Particularly in highly turbid estuaries,...
journal article 2022
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Zhu, C. (author)
Estuarine sediment dynamics involves estuarine hydrodynamics, sediment transport, and morphology, and strongly influence ecosystem dynamics and sustainability. In the current geological epoch, referred to as the Anthropocene, human activities are exerting increasing impacts on the environment on all scales, changing hydrodynamics, sediment...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Wijmans, Yannick (author)
Recently, deep-sea mining has acquired renewed interest from commercial companies due to a rise in the demand of minerals and metals. Deep-sea mining is focussed on different minerals and rare earth elements found in the oceans that are increasingly used in the manufacturing of goods and products related to renewable energy. In order to collect...
master thesis 2021
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Enthoven, dolf (author)
Due to the increased demand for materials like cobalt and nickel, there is an interest to mine polymetallic nodules from the deep-sea. These nodules are abundantly distributed along the abyssal plains, e.g., the Clarion Clipperton Zone (CCZ) in the North East Pacific. These nodules lay spread on top of a seabed consisting of very fine clayey...
master thesis 2021
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Alhaddad, S.M.S. (author)
Underwater slope failure is a common problem in the fields of geotechnical, dredging and hydraulic engineering, posing a major risk to submerged infrastructure and flood defences along coasts, rivers, and lakes. The term ‘flow slide’ refers to a specific, complex failure mechanism of underwater slopes, which occurs when a substantial amount of...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Elerian, M.F.A.I. (author), Alhaddad, S.M.S. (author), Helmons, R.L.J. (author), van Rhee, C. (author)
The interest in polymetallic nodule mining has considerably increased in the last few decades. This has been largely driven by population growth and the need to move towards a green future, which requires strategic raw materials. Deep-Sea Mining (DSM) is a potential source of such key materials. While harvesting the ore from the deep sea by a...
journal article 2021
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Lin, J. (author), van Prooijen, Bram (author), Guo, Leicheng (author), Zhu, C. (author), He, Qing (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author)
Channel deepening often triggers positive feedback between tidal deformation, sediment import and drag reduction, which leads to the regime shift in estuaries from low-turbid to hyper-turbid state. In this study, a transition in profiles of suspended sediment concentration (SSC) is hypothesised by including a positive feedback loop of...
journal article 2021
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Zhu, C. (author), van Maren, D.S. (author), Guo, Leicheng (author), Lin, J. (author), He, Qing (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author)
An estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) is a region of elevated suspended sediment concentration (SSC) resulting from residual transport mechanisms driven by river flow, tides, and salinity-induced density gradients (SalDG). However, in energetic and highly turbid environments such as the Yangtze Estuary, SedDG may also substantially contribute...
journal article 2021
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Chen, Ye (author), Parsons, Daniel R. (author), Simmons, Stephen M. (author), Williams, Rebecca (author), Cartigny, Matthieu J.B. (author), Hughes Clarke, John E. (author), Stacey, Cooper D. (author), Hage, Sophie (author), Azpiroz Zabala, M. (author)
Submarine channels deliver globally important volumes of sediments, nutrients, contaminants and organic carbon into the deep sea. Knickpoints are significant topographic features found within numerous submarine channels, which most likely play an important role in channel evolution and the behaviour of the submarine sediment-laden flows ...
journal article 2021
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Veenman, T.F.J. (author)
In this study, the behaviour of fine sediment in settlings basins has been investigated. The understanding and prediction of return water quality assessments is improved by a comparative modelling study. Settling basins are required to decrease the exhaust of fine sediment particles when dredging and reclaiming land. Fine sediment particles can...
master thesis 2020
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Bedón Vásquez, Andrea (author)
Turbidity currents are common in the waters around the world. They can be caused by earthquakes, collapsing slopes or other geological disturbances. However, turbidity currents can also be caused by deep sea mining activities. Deep sea mining is done with special mining vehicles. There are three main operations within this mining vehicle:...
master thesis 2020
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Empinotti, T. (author)
Deep-water siliciclastic systems are of great societal relevance as their deposits<br/>in subsurface store hundreds of billions of barrels of hydrocarbons in different sedimentary basins worldwide. The sediment density flows that form these systems, termed turbidity currents, are capable of destroying subsea installations, such as...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Weij, D. (author)
Breaching is an important production mechanism for stationary suction dredgers. It is a process occurring in submerged sandy slopes, which mostly occurs in dense sandy soils with a low permeability. The process is initiated by the formation of a slope under water, whose angle is steeper than the internal friction angle, called the breach face....
doctoral thesis 2020
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Bakker, Floor (author)
To exploit its socio-economic functions, engineering measures are regularly applied in estuaries. Estuaries are, however, known to be very complex systems. Stemming from this complexity is the generation of a so-called estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM), which poses great siltation problems to the engineering measures. An engineering measure,...
master thesis 2020
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Alfaro Monge, Luis Carlos (author)
Siltation affects navigation in harbors and waterways by reducing the water depth. To regain depth and safeguard navigation, dredging is required. Water Injection Dredging (WID) is one of the available hydrodynamic dredging techniques, in which pumps on a vessel inject water at high flow velocities and low pressure into the bed and fluidize the...
master thesis 2020
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Alhaddad, S.M.S. (author), de Wit, Lynyrd (author), Labeur, R.J. (author), Uijttewaal, W.S.J. (author)
Breaching flow slides result in a turbidity current running over and directly interacting with the eroding, submarine slope surface, thereby promoting further sediment erosion. The investigation and understanding of this current are crucial, as it is the main parameter influencing the failure evolution and fate of sediment during the breaching...
journal article 2020
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Alhaddad, S.M.S. (author), Labeur, R.J. (author), Uijttewaal, W.S.J. (author)
This paper starts with surveying the state-of-the-art knowledge of breaching flow slides, with an emphasis on the relevant fluid mechanics. The governing physical processes of breaching flow slides are explained. The paper highlights the important roles of the associated turbidity current and the frequent surficial slides in increasing the...
journal article 2020
Searched for: subject%3A%22Turbidity%22
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