Searched for: subject%3A%22armour%255C%2Bunit%22
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Gutiérrez Martínez, Jorge (author), Bezner, Maor (author), Molenkamp, A. (author), van den Bos, J.P. (author), Hofland, Bas (author), Leblanc, Philippe (author), Rella, Andrew (author), Rosenberg, Yaeli (author), Sella, Ido (author)
ECOncrete®‘s Coastalock is an ecologically designed armour unit, providing an alternative and/or a complement to traditional armour layers with ecologically enhanced armouring that provides shoreline stabilization, while also creating well-defined local ecosystems that mimic natural rock pools. The 2D physical model tests performed at TU Delft...
conference paper 2023
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Hofland, Bas (author), Houtzager, Daan (author), Caldera, Ganga (author), Antonini, A. (author), van Gent, M.R.A. (author), Bakker, Pieter (author), van der Lem, Cock (author)
Single layer randomly placed armour units are used in many rubble mound breakwaters around the world. For these armour layers first extraction of units starts at high loads and can then progress quickly. Before the first extraction of a unit, typically no quantitative description of damage can be given. But additional to extraction, breakage of...
journal article 2023
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Batenburg, Leonard (author)
The concrete armour unit industry exist for more than 70 years, in this period various units were developed. The first units derived their hydraulic stability on their own weight, later the units got more complex shapes and got interlocking capabilities. The first interlocking units were placed in a two-layer configuration, like Tetrapod and...
master thesis 2022
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Jonker, R.G. (author)
In this research OpenFOAM is used to model and determine the complex hydrodynamic behaviour of a Homogeneous low-crested structure (HLCS) consisting of cubipod artificial concrete elements. The validated model is used to gain insight in the design sensitivities of a two dimensional cross sectional layout to reduce sea wall overtopping. HLCS and...
master thesis 2020
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Houtzager, Daan (author)
The purpose of this MSc thesis is to do an experimental study into the spatial and temporal variation of rocking armour units. Armour units on a breakwater slope under wave loading can sometimes start to move back and forth, this phenomenon is known as rocking. Rocking can lead to significant impacts between armour units, which can result in...
master thesis 2020
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Goud, Thomas (author)
When a breakwater is under heavy wave attack, the concrete armour units will occasionally move, causing a collision between two concrete armour units. This process is called rocking, and induces stresses in the concrete, that may lead to breakage of the concrete armour units. This MSc Thesis provides a probabilistic method to predict breakage of...
master thesis 2020
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Caldera, Ganga (author)
After the failure of several large breakwaters in late 1970’s and early 1980’s where the role of rocking and breakage of armour became apparent, the importance of understanding this rocking phenomenon is given a great emphasis. Single layer randomly placed armour units are widely used in breakwater designs as they are more economical due to the...
master thesis 2019
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Grigoris, Xenofon (author)
The Xbloc<sup>Plus</sup> (referred to as Xbloc+) is a new, uniformly placed single layer armour unit, developed by Delta Marine Consultants (BAM Infraconsult). Although a breakwater armour layer with Xbloc<sup>Plus</sup> combines material saving and easy placement with increased stability, the transition between the armour layer and the crest is...
master thesis 2019
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van den Berg, Ileen (author)
The Xbloc<sup>Plus</sup> is a new type of single layer armour unit for breakwaters. The key difference between earlier single layer armour units is that the unit is not only placed in a regular grid, but also with a regular orientation. The main benefit of this is that it can directly be seen whether the unit is placed correctly. Additionally,...
master thesis 2018
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Hofland, Bas (author), Arefin, Syed Shamsil (author), van der Lem, Cock (author), van Gent, Marcel (author)
This paper describes a method to measure the rocking motion of lab-scale armour units. Sensors as found in mobile phones are used. These sensors, data-storage and battery are all embedded in the model units, such that they can be applied without wires attached to them. The technique is applied to double-layer units in order to compare the...
conference paper 2018
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Vos, Amber (author)
In this MSc thesis it is investigated how the first version of concrete armour unit Xbloc<sup>+</sup>, Xbloc<sup>+ v1</sup>, acquires its stability. The stability mechanisms are investigated by conducting two type of physical model tests. First, 23 dry pull-out tests are done to obtain insights into the aspects and mechanisms that influence the...
master thesis 2017
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Le, T.N. (author)
Prototype single layer armour units on a breakwater slope are observed to break. To predict when breakage occurs, the objective of this research project is to obtain knowledge on, and measurements of the rocking behaviour and failure mode of single layer armour units. A single cube on a breakwater slope is subjected to investigations. An...
master thesis 2016
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Hofland, Bas (author), van Gent, Marcel (author)
A method to quantify, analyse, and present the settlement of single-layer concrete armour layers of coastal structures is presented. The use of the image processing technique for settlement analysis is discussed based on various modelling<br/>studies performed over the years. The accuracy of the technique is assessed, and the application of the...
conference paper 2016
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Salauddin, M. (author), Broere, A. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author), Bijl, E. (author)
A new and symmetrical single layer armour unit, the crablock, has been designed in the UAE. One breakwater was reconstructed with crablock, but very limited testing had been performed. Just to become more acquainted with this new unit, pre-competitive research at a university has been performed, which is the subject of this paper. Being a new...
conference paper 2015
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Salauddin, M. (author)
In the design of rubble mound breakwaters, nowadays single layer systems using concrete armour units have become more common practice compared to conventional two layer systems. However, after the introduction of the accropode in eighties, a small number of single layer armour units have been developed over the years; for example core-loc, A...
report 2015
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Bonfantini, F. (author)
The Crablock is a symmetrical unit, this in contrast to the units that have been applied most in the past. Essentially, this is the main difference. All other units have six “obstacles” that insure interlocking, but they are not symmetrical. All those units are placed randomly in a certain way with more or less contacts to neighbouring units. A...
report 2014
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Latham, John Paul (author), Xiang, Jiansheng (author), Anastasaki, Eleni (author), Guo, Liwei (author), Karantzoulis, Nikolaos (author), Viré, A.C. (author), Pain, Christopher (author)
Numerical modelling has the potential to probe the complexity of the interacting physics of rubble mound armour systems. Through forward modelling of armour unit packs, stochastic variables such as unit displacement and maximum contact force per unit during an external oscillatory disturbance can be predicted. The combined finite-discrete...
conference paper 2014
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Zwanenburg, S.A.A. (author)
The dimensions of single layer concrete armour units (interlocking armour units) are calculated with a similar stability relation as the stability relation for quarry stone. In these design formulas an 'average/significant' wave load is used (Hs). Since quarry stone gains its stability only from gravity, this type of armour unit is constructed...
master thesis 2012
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Van de Koppel, M.A. (author)
Interlocking, single layer concrete armour units are placed in a specific grid depending on the type of armour unit. Within this grid, armour units are placed in horizontal rows. The number of horizontal rows of single layer armour units on a breakwater is limited to 20. This limit is proposed in order to prevent major settlements, which might...
master thesis 2012
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De Lange, M. (author)
This report describes the influence of the slope angle of a breakwater slope, the density of the concrete of the Xbloc armour unit, the vertical position of the Xbloc on the breakwater slope and the roughness of the under layer of the breakwater on the extraction force of an Xbloc armour unit. By testing the extraction force, indirectly the...
student report 2010
Searched for: subject%3A%22armour%255C%2Bunit%22
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