Searched for: subject:"breach"
(1 - 20 of 76)

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Curran, A.N. (author), de Bruijn, Karin M. (author), Klerk, W.J. (author), Kok, M. (author)
To make informed flood risk management (FRM) decisions in large protected river systems, flood risk and hazard analyses should include the potential for dike breaching. 'Load interdependency' analyses attempt to include the system-wide effects of dike breaching while accounting for the uncertainty of both river loads and dike fragility. The...
journal article 2019
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Bisschop, F. (author)
The safety level of a dike is expressed in terms of risk. Risk is defined as the product of the probability of inundation of a polder (after failure of a dike) and the expected damage (casualties, economic damage and damage to the infrastructure) caused by inundation. The rate of inundation determines the amount of casualties and depends heavily...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Curran, A.N. (author), De Bruijn, K. M. (author), Kok, M. (author)
Hazard analysis is a crucial step in flood risk management, and for large rivers, the effects of breaches need to be taken into account. Hazard analyses that incorporate this overall “system behaviour” have become increasingly popular in flood risk assessment. Methods to perform such analyses often focus on high water levels as a trigger for...
journal article 2018
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Bricker, J.D. (author), Schwanghart, W. (author), Raj Adhikari, B. (author), Moriguchi, S. (author), Roeber, Volker (author), Giri, S. (author)
The 2015 magnitude 7.8 Gorkha earthquake and its aftershocks weakened mountain slopes in Nepal. Co- and postseismic landsliding and the formation of landslide-dammed lakes along steeply dissected valleys were widespread, among them a landslide that dammed the Kali Gandaki River. Overtopping of the landslide dam resulted in a flash flood...
journal article 2017
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Van der Krogt, M.G. (author), Van den Ham, G.A. (author), Kok, M. (author)
Flow sliding of submerged slopes in front of dikes can affect the reliability of flood defences. The occurrence of flow sliding may result, sometimes with delay, in a failure mode and consequent flooding. The current safety assessment method for flow sliding does not consider the interaction between flow sliding and failure modes which can cause...
conference paper 2015
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Van der Krogt, M.G. (author), Van den Ham, G.A. (author), Kok, M. (author)
Flow sliding of submerged slopes in front of dikes can affect the reliability of flood defences. The occurrence of flow sliding may result, sometimes with delay, in a failure mode and consequent flooding. The current safety assessment method for flow sliding does not consider the interaction between flow sliding and failure modes which can cause...
conference paper 2015
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Danka, J. (author), Zhang, L. (author)
Dike breaching parameters are important to support dike flood risk management, and can be estimated rapidly using empirical models. Due to the lack of dike specific models, sometimes models for man-made dams were used without validation. This paper compares relevant factors of dike, man-made dam and landslide dam breaches. With the aid of two...
conference paper 2015
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van Damme, M. (author), Visser, P.J. (author)
Deriving the bed shear stresses from hydrodynamic models in breach models is challenging due to the continuous changing hydraulic head over the breach in combination with horizontal and vertical flow contractions, and the continuous rapidly changing breach geometry. Three stages can be distinguished in breach flows. Stage 1 initiates when the...
conference paper 2015
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Klerk, W.J. (author), Kok, M. (author), de Bruijn, K.M. (author), Jonkman, S.N. (author), van Overloop, P.J. (author)
In the Netherlands, flood risk analysis is usually carried out for a location, without considering potential flood defence failures in upstream areas. This may result in significant over- or underestimation of flood risks. The effect of upstream failures on failure probabilities and flood risks in other areas is called load interdependence of...
conference paper 2014
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Zhao, G. (author), Visser, P.J. (author), Peeters, P. (author)
Embankment breaching is a composite process coupled by hydraulic processes and sediment transport processes. Erosion is the link in the interaction between breach flow and embankment material. Surface erosion starts in the initial breach phase and triggers the initial damage of the embankment. As the surface erosion develops completely, the...
report 2014
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Tettero, M. (author)
The Netherlands is not well protected against flooding and limited budget it available for improvements. Therefore, this research investigates in what way the cost-effectiveness of Dutch flood protection can be improved with the use of multifunctional unbreachable dykes. The multifunctional unbreachable dyke, a dyke combined with additional user...
report 2013
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Morales, W.F. (author), Laue, J. (author), Springman, S.M. (author)
Correct scaling of breach analysis of river levees is a challenging task that is not easily accomplished by physical modelling. Several small-scale physical model tests have been conducted at 1-g level, which cannot truly represent the stress-dependency of soils, whereas the scaling issues arising from centrifuge modelling have not been fully...
conference paper 2012
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Giardino, A. (author), Santinelli, G. (author), Bruens, A. (author)
Over more than a thousand years, the Dutch coast has been eroding for large stretches. Coastal retreat puts coastal functions (e.g. safety against flooding) under pressure. Since 1990, the Dutch policy aims at preventing further retreat of the coastline, but in the meantime taking the valuable dynamical behaviour of the coast into account....
report 2012
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Zhu, Y. (author), Visser, P.J. (author), Vrijling, J.K. (author), Wang, G.Q. (author)
Breaching of embankments has recently drawn more and more attention due to its importance in the development of early warning systems for embankment failures, in the evacuation plans of people at risk, in the design method of embankments based on a risk-approach, etc. The erosion process observed during embankment breaching tests in the...
journal article 2011
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Peeters, P. (author), Van Hoestenberghe, T. (author), Vincke, L. (author), Visser, P.J. (author)
The use of breach models includes two tasks: predicting breach characteristics and estimating flow through the breach. Strengths and weaknesses as well as opportunities and threats of different simplified and detailed physically-based breach models are listed following theoretical and practical criteria. According to the theoretical criteria,...
conference paper 2011
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van Rhee, C. (author)
conference paper 2010
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Morris, M. (author)
During the IMPACT Project a number of large scale field tests were undertaken in Norway to collect data, including extensive video footage, recording the physical processes that occured during the initiation and growth of breach through the test embankments. The video footage has been carefully analysed and key processes identified, to support...
report 2009
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Schweckendiek, T. (author), Van den Ham, G.A. (author), De Groot, M.B. (author), De Gijt, J.G. (author), Hudig, P. (author), Brassinga, H.E. (author)
A recently reclaimed site in the Port of Rotterdam will serve as location and foundation of an LNG terminal. LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) is recognized as hazardous material and underlies strict safety requirements. As part of the safety assessment of the entire installation, a specific analysis had to be carried out concerning the geotechnical...
conference paper 2009
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Van Baars, S. (author), Van Kempen, I.M. (author)
In a historical perspective, flood protection in the past was not given high priority - plague and periods of famine and war took precedence. Poverty and a lack of knowledge made it difficult to create safer dikes. Dike engineering did improve in Napoleonic era due to the French Central Government, but many dikes still failed. A historical...
journal article 2009
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Stanczak, G. (author)
Sea dikes are of crucial importance in the defence systems of low-lying coastal areas in Germany as well as in other countries such as The Netherlands and Denmark. Breaches of sea dikes due to storm surges are regarded as the main cause of flood disasters, so that a reliable prediction of both breach initiation, breach formation and breach...
report 2009
Searched for: subject:"breach"
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