Searched for: subject%3A%22cement%255C+paste%22
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Chen, B. (author)
In recent years, considerable attention has been given to the utilization of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) bottom ash as a mineral resource for construction materials. MSWI bottom ash is the primary residue discharged after incinerating municipal solid waste. The generation of MSWI bottom ash is increasing dramatically with the wide...
doctoral thesis 2023
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Lu, T. (author), Liang, X. (author), Liu, C. (author), Chen, Y. (author), Li, Z. (author)
This study experimentally investigated the effects of surfactants and water-repelling agents on the hydration process, relative humidity, and mechanical properties of Portland cement pastes. Based on the measurement results, the degree of hydration, degree of saturation, capillary tension of autogenous shrinkage, and magnitude of autogenous...
journal article 2023
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Zhang, Y. (author), Copuroglu, Oguzhan (author)
To understand the influence of slag chemistry on the carbonation resistance of slag-rich cement, this paper explored the carbonation characteristics of blended cement systems with different Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> contents in slag through accelerated carbonation test. Irrespective of slag chemistry, three main CO<sub>2</sub> binding...
journal article 2023
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Xu, Yaowen (author), Liang, X. (author), Wan, Chaojun (author), Yang, Hongyu (author), Feng, Xiaming (author)
This paper develops a kind of molded disc samples to investigate the carbonation and related behaviors of hardened cement pastes under different previous hydration degrees. Weight and length changes of cement pastes over time are monitored during a multistep process including carbonation, drying, rewetting, and redrying. The combination of X...
journal article 2023
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Guo, Z. (author), Qiu, Jingping (author), Jiang, Haiqiang (author), Zhu, Qiang (author), Wang Kwek, Jin (author), Ke, Lin (author), Qu, Zhengyao (author)
The fresh superfine-tailings cemented paste backfill (SCPB) exhibits strong thixotropy, but quantification of the resulting transient flow (non-steady state) and time-dependent yield stress is lacking. In this study, a simple qualitative model was developed to describe the transient flow and time-dependent yield stress of SCPB. The effect of...
journal article 2023
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Zhang, Yu (author), Copuroglu, Oguzhan (author)
The properties of slag-rich cement paste are fundamentally associated with slag chemistry. In the present research, 10 slags covering the common chemistry range, including eight synthetic slags of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-MgO system and two commercial slags, were adopted to evaluate the influence of slag composition on the early (7 days) and later (3...
journal article 2023
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Liang, M. (author), He, S. (author), Gan, Yidong (author), Zhang, Hongzhi (author), Chang, Z. (author), Schlangen, E. (author), Šavija, B. (author)
This paper employs computer vision techniques to predict the micromechanical properties (i.e., elastic modulus and hardness) of cement paste based on an input of Backscattered Electron (BSE) images. A dataset comprising 40,000 nanoindentation tests and 40,000 BSE micrographs was built by express nanoindentation test and Scanning Electron...
journal article 2023
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Zhang, Y. (author)
In order to compensate the limited availability of raw material resources and meet the growing demand for decreasing CO2 emissions during cement and concrete productions, a practical method is to decrease the clinker content in cement. This strategy mainly consists of substituting a part of the clinker with supplementary cementitious materials ...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Gan, Y. (author)
Ageing is an inherent feature of cementitious materials. Ageing of material leads to gradual loss of the function of a concrete structure with increasing likelihood of failure. As one of the typical ageing phenomena, fatigue of concrete, has recently received considerable research attention. The phenomenon of concrete fatigue is complicated as...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Liang, M. (author), Gan, Y. (author), Chang, Z. (author), Wan, Z. (author), Schlangen, E. (author), Šavija, B. (author)
This study aims to provide an efficient alternative for predicting creep modulus of cement paste based on Deep Convolutional Neural Network (DCNN). First, a microscale lattice model for short-term creep is adopted to build a database that contains 18,920 samples. Then, 3 DCNNs with different consecutive convolutional layers are built to learn...
journal article 2022
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Zhao, Shengying (author), Guan, Xinchun (author), Qiao, Guofu (author)
Superabsorbent polymer (SAP) can modify the microstructure and influence the mechanical properties of cement paste in at least two ways: while cavities left by SAP increase the total porosity, water released by SAP affects the hydration degree of the surrounding paste. As a starting point for investigation into the overall effect, this study...
conference paper 2021
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Zhang, H. (author), Schlangen, E. (author), Ge, Z. (author), Šavija, B. (author)
Properties of concrete are, to a large extent, dependent on the properties of its binding constituent, hydrated cement paste. Therefore, knowledge of properties of hydrated cement paste is crucial for predicting concrete behaviour. This paper presents an experimentally informed approach for modelling elastic and transport properties of cement...
conference paper 2021
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Ji, Yanliang (author), Sun, Zhenping (author), Pel, Leo (author), Pang, Min (author)
Bleeding can be described as water coming out from fresh cement paste, which not only affects the homogeneity at fresh stage but also decides the hardened state structure. Previous studies have focused on the determination or simulation of the bleeding extent of fresh cement paste and give objective conclusions. However, there are rare...
conference paper 2021
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Tsitova, Aliaksandra (author), Bernachy-Barbe, Fabien (author), Bary, Benoît (author), Hild, François (author)
The safety of double wall Concrete Containment Buildings (CCBs) in the French nuclear fleet primarily depends on the level of prestress applied to concrete. The delayed strains in concrete induced by creep and shrinkage cause a loss of prestress in the inner wall that may increase the risk of potential leaks in accidental conditions. The creep...
conference paper 2021
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Bai, Shuai (author), Guan, Xinchun (author), Li, Hui (author), Ou, Jinping (author)
The purpose of this study is to explore the potential of nano-SiO2 (NS) to prevent early frost damage, and the effect of nano-SiO2 (NS) on cement pastes subjected to early-age freezing was investigated regarding the macro properties (strength and durability) and micro properties (hydration and microstructure). The specimens were prepared with NS...
conference paper 2021
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Gu, Chunping (author), Ji, Yongjie (author), Yang, Yang (author), Liu, Jintao (author), Ni, Tongyuan (author)
Sewage sludge ash (SSA) is the combustion residue of the sewage sludge obtained from wastewater treatment plants. In China, SSA normally contains high content of SO3, which may cause detrimental effect on the volume stability of cement-based materials. This study investigated the effect of sulfate-rich SSA (SR-SSA) on the volume deformation and...
conference paper 2021
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Krishnya, S. (author), Yoda, Y. (author), Elakneswaran, Y. (author)
Mechanical properties of cement paste are indispensable and frequent requirement in structural analysis of concrete and other cement-based materials, and therefore the theoretical predictions have obtained considerable attention in the field of material engineering. Despite of being an active research area, available models for accurately...
conference paper 2021
document
Zhang, H. (author), Schlangen, E. (author), Ge, Zhi (author), Šavija, B. (author)
Properties of concrete are, to a large extent, dependent on the properties of its binding constituent, hydrated cement paste. Therefore, knowledge of properties of hydrated cement paste is crucial for predicting concrete behaviour. This paper presents an experimentally informed approach for modelling elastic and transport properties of cement...
conference paper 2021
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Gan, Y. (author), Vandamme, Matthieu (author), Chen, Y. (author), Schlangen, E. (author), van Breugel, K. (author), Šavija, B. (author)
This paper presents an experimental investigation on the short-term creep recovery of cement paste at micrometre length scale. Micro-cantilever beams were fabricated and tested with 8 different loading series using the nanoindenter. It is found that cement pastes show high recovery ratios (&gt;80%) even subjected to very high stress levels....
journal article 2021
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Gan, Y. (author), Romero Rodriguez, C. (author), Schlangen, E. (author), van Breugel, K. (author), Šavija, B. (author)
This study presents an experimental investigation of the rate-dependent mechanical properties of cement paste at the microscale. With the use of a nanoindenter, micro-cantilever beams with the size of 300 μm × 300 μm × 1650 μm were loaded at five different strain rates from around 10<sup>−6</sup>/s to 10<sup>−2</sup>/s until failure. It is...
journal article 2021
Searched for: subject%3A%22cement%255C+paste%22
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