Searched for: subject:"chloride%2C"
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Zago, G. P. (author), Marques Penha, F. (author), Seckler, M. M. (author)
Zero liquid discharge strategies for industrial wastewater treatment have become prominent in recent years. When evaporative simultaneous crystallization is applied, knowledge about the particle crystallization mechanisms and morphology are important to ease solids downstream handling and for recovery of their valuable components. In this...
journal article 2020
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Zhang, Y. (author), Ye, G. (author), Yang, Zhengxian (author)
Microstructure-property relationship has drawn strong attention in modern material science. The progress achieved in this field relies on a common basis that the material performance originates from the microstructure. This paper brings together new insights and facts from experiments regarding the pore size dependent connectivity and its...
journal article 2020
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Zhang, Y. (author), Ye, G. (author), Yang, Zhengxian (author)
Concrete is rarely saturated. Reliable durability design of marine concrete structures requires a solid understanding of the long-term chloride transport in unsaturated concretes. This paper presents a critical analysis of the time-dependent chloride diffusion coefficient in unsaturated cementitious materials exposed to marine environment....
journal article 2020
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Bouquet, G.C. (author)
For the dimensioning of concrete structures it is customary to determine the forces and stresses occurring in construction elements on the basis of the prescribed loads. In an iterative process, the final dimensions of the elements and reinforcement are then determined. This process becomes less simple if not only the external loads, but also...
doctoral thesis 2019
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Zhang, Y. (author), Ye, G. (author)
An analytical model for predicting the relative chloride diffusion coefficient in cementitious materials at different degrees of water saturation is presented in this paper. The model is developed based on the Nernst-Einstein equation and conductivity of cementitious electrolyte, as well as on moisture distribution in the pore structure. Good...
journal article 2019
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Granneman, S.J.C. (author), Lubelli, B. (author), van Hees, R.P.J. (author)
Weathering of porous building materials caused by the crystallization of soluble salts is a ubiquitous problem in the built cultural heritage. Especially lime-based mortars are susceptible to salt decay, due to both their bimodal pore size distribution and low mechanical strength. The addition of crystallization modifiers to mortars during...
journal article 2019
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Pargar, F. (author), Koleva, D.A. (author), van Breugel, K. (author)
In this paper the potentiometric response of a Ag/AgCl electrode as a chloride sensor in cementitious materials of different mix design was studied. The chloride sensor’s response was discussed with respect to the presence of hydration products around the sensor. The free chloride content inferred from the sensor’s response was compared to the...
journal article 2019
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Dong, H. (author), Ye, G. (author)
Chloride-induced corrosion is a critical issue for RC structures. Cement-based coatings can be used to protect concrete structures with unsatisfactory quality against chloride ingress. To evaluate the effectiveness of the coatings to extend the service life of coated concrete structures, the evolution of the chloride profile in the coated...
journal article 2019
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Makris, K. (author), Langeveld, J.G. (author), Clemens, F.H.L.R. (author)
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has become one of the dominant construction materials for sewer systems over the past decades, as a result of its reputed merits. However, since PVC sewer pipes have operated for decades in a hostile environment, concern over their longevity has been lately raised by sewer managers in the Netherlands. Towards that...
journal article 2019
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Šavija, B. (author), Zhang, H. (author), Schlangen, H.E.J.G. (author)
Properties of concrete are, to a large extent, dependent on the properties of its binding constituent, hydrated cement paste. Therefore, knowledge of properties of hydrated cement paste is crucial for predicting concrete behavior. This paper presents an experimentally informed approach for modeling elastic and transport properties of cement...
journal article 2019
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Pargar, F. (author)
Determination of the chloride content in a reinforced concrete structure is important for evaluation of the risk of chloride-induced corrosion of reinforcement. The traditional techniques for chloride determination in concrete are laborious, time-consuming and cannot be used for continuous monitoring of the chloride content. The investigation on...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Zhang, Y. (author)
Chloride-induced reinforcement corrosion, caused by chloride diffusion in the unsaturated concrete cover, is a major durability problem of concrete structures. Current concepts for concrete mixture design and for service life prediction are generally based on the understanding of the chloride diffusion coefficient of saturated concrete. This...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Dong, H. (author)
Concrete is currently the most widely used material in construction field. A good performance of concrete structures is required for reaching the designed service life. However, the initial scatter in the quality of concrete is unavoidable in practice, possibly resulting from improper design, poor execution, or deterioration due to stresses...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Zhang, Y. (author), Zhang, M. (author), Ye, G. (author)
Experiments have been carried out to study the influence of moisture condition, including moisture content and its distribution, on the chloride diffusion in partially saturated ordinary Portland cement mortar. The mortar samples with water-to-cement (w/c) ratios of 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6, cured for 1 year, were preconditioned to uniform water...
journal article 2018
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Keulen, A. (author), Yu, Q. L. (author), Zhang, S. (author), Grunewald, S. (author)
This paper investigates the influence of a plasticizing admixture on the pore structure refinement of alkali-activated concrete and paste mixtures and the consequently enhanced performance. Alkali-activated fly ash-slag concrete and paste are designed using a polycarboxylate-based admixture with different dosages. The pore structure and...
journal article 2018
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Zhang, Y. (author), Ye, G. (author)
Experiments are carried out to investigate the chloride diffusivity in partially saturated ordinary Portland cement mortars with water-to-cement (w/c) ratios of 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6. Based on resistivity measurement and Nernst-Einstein equation, the chloride diffusivities of cement mortars at various water saturations are estimated. The pore...
conference paper 2017
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Flatt, Robert J. (author), Mohamed, Nevin Aly (author), Caruso, Francesco (author), Derluyn, Hannelore (author), Desarnaud, Julie (author), Lubelli, B. (author), Espinosa-Marzal, Rosa Maria (author), Pel, Leo (author), Rodriguez-Navarro, Carlos (author), Scherer, George W. (author), Shahidzadeh, Noushine (author), Steiger, Michael (author)
Salt crystallization represents one of the major causes for the degradation of building and ornamental stone. As such, it has attracted the attention of researchers, who over the years have progressively unraveled most mechanisms involved in salt damage. Despite this mechanistic understanding, many questions subsist about how to quantitatively...
journal article 2017
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Pargar, F. (author), Koleva, D.A. (author), van Breugel, K. (author)
This paper reports on the advantages and drawbacks of available test methods for the determination of chloride content in cementitious materials in general, and the application of Ag/AgCl chloride sensors in particular. The main factors that affect the reliability of a chloride sensor are presented. The thermodynamic behaviour of silver in the...
journal article 2017
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Pargar, F. (author), Koleva, D.A. (author)
When studying chloride-induced corrosion in reinforced concrete structures, essential information of interest is the concentration of chloride ions in the system. The absence of a reliable method for monitoring the free chloride ions justifies the attempts towards establishing a feasible practice in the application of the already known Ag/AgCl...
journal article 2017
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Yang, Z. (author), Polder, R.B. (author), Mol, J.M.C. (author)
Owing to the unique molecular structure and high ion exchange capacity, hydrotalcites are believed to have a potential to be modified and tailor-made as an active corrosion protective component of reinforced concrete. In this paper, two types of modified hydrotalcites (MHT-pAB and MHT-NO2) were tested both in alkaline solution and mortar for...
journal article 2017
Searched for: subject:"chloride%2C"
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