Searched for: subject:"cohesive%5C+sediment"
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Montes, Carlos (author), Berardi, Luigi (author), Kapelan, Z. (author), Saldarriaga, Juan (author)
Sediment transport in sewer systems is an important issue of interest to engineering practice. Several models have been developed in the past to predict a threshold velocity or shear stress resulting in self-cleansing flow conditions in a sewer pipe. These models, however, could still be improved. This paper develops three new self-cleansing...
journal article 2020
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Chassagne, C. (author), Safar, Z. (author)
Despite recent advancement in the field of sediment transport, the integration of cohesive sediment properties in large-scale transport models remain a challenging task. In order to model adequately the change in particle size that occurs in different environmental conditions, flocculation models based on the so-called Population Balance...
journal article 2020
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Baptist, Martin J. (author), Gerkema, T. (author), van Prooijen, Bram (author), van Maren, D.S. (author), Colosimo, I. (author), Elschot, K. (author), de Groot, A. V. (author), Cleveringa, J. (author), van Eekelen, E. M.M. (author)
We test an innovative approach to beneficially re-use dredged sediment to enhance salt marsh development. A Mud Motor is a dredged sediment disposal in the form of a semi-continuous source of mud in a shallow tidal channel allowing natural processes to disperse the sediment to nearby mudflats and salt marshes. We describe the various steps in...
journal article 2019
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Vanlede, J.D.S.M. (author), Dujardin, Arvid (author), Fettweis, Michael (author), Van Hoestenberghe, Thomas (author), Martens, Chantal (author)
This paper presents the mud dynamics in the harbor basin of Zeebrugge in the Southern North Sea based on an analysis of field data. Mud is typically transported into and within the harbor basin through advection of suspended particulate matter (SPM). Three important timescales have been identified. On the intratidal timescale, sediment import...
journal article 2019
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De Lucas Pardo, M.A. (author), Sarpe, D. (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author)
Lake Markermeer, a large shallow lake in The Netherlands, suffers from turbidity and ecology problems. As part of a study aiming to mitigate these problems, we study flocculation processes in the lake; in particular, the possible mutual flocculation between algae and re-suspended bed sediments. We show that sediment re-suspended from the bed of...
journal article 2015
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De Lucas Pardo, M.A. (author)
Over the years, Lake Markermeer, formerly a sea arm of the North Sea, has experienced a decline in some of its ecological values. A high suspended sediment concentration in the water column of the lake is believed to be one of the causes of this ecological deterioration. Currently, short term suspended sediment dynamics are well understood. This...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Winterwerp, J.C. (author), Van Kesteren, W.G.M. (author), Van Prooijen, B.C. (author), Jacobs, W. (author)
This paper proposes a conceptual framework for erosion of cohesive sediment beds. We focus on cohesive beds, distinguishing between floc erosion, surface erosion, and mass erosion. By (our) definition, surface erosion is a drained soil mechanical process, whereas mass erosion occurs under undrained conditions. The eroding shear stress is modeled...
journal article 2012
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Te Slaa, S. (author)
Estuarine systems worldwide contain large quantities of fine (cohesive) sediment. Fate and transport of these sediments is to a large extent governed by erosion and deposition processes. Knowledge on the behaviour of these sediments is required for modeling purposes in order to predict impacts on morphology and environment as a result of e.g....
report 2012
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Jacobs, W. (author)
‘Wetlands’ in tidal lagoons and estuaries are among the most valuable ecosystems in the world. Managing these systems requires both a thorough knowledge and validated tools to predict their behavior and development. An important morpho-dynamic process herein is the erosion (‘pick-up’) of the bed, which are in inter-tidal areas often composed of...
doctoral thesis 2011
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Vijverberg, T. (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author), Aarninkhof, S.G.J. (author), Drost, H. (author)
Lake Markermeer is a large (680 km2), shallow body of water in the middle of the Netherlands, with a mean water depth of 3.6 m. One of the major problems in the lake is its decreasing ecological value which is, among other reasons, caused by a gradual increase of suspended sediment concentration and associated increase of light attenuation in...
journal article 2010
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Mietta, F. (author)
This thesis focuses on the flocculation process of cohesive sediment (mud) and in particular on the time evolution of the floc size distribution. Mud is mainly observed in estuarine environment and its settling velocity is strongly affected by its floc size distribution. Small flocs (1-50 micrometers) have a very small settling velocity and tend...
doctoral thesis 2010
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Van Prooijen, B.C. (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author)
The linear formulation for erosion E = M(?b??c), often applied in engineering applications, has two properties, which do not always comply with field and laboratory observations, they are as follows: (1) The erosion rate is zero below the critical bed shear stress ?c and increases linearly with bed shear stress ?b, when exceeding the critical...
journal article 2010
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Maggi, F. (author)
While the fractal dimension of suspended flocs of cohesive sediment is known to vary with the shear rate, electrochemical properties of the sediment and environment, geometrical restructuring, and presence of organic matter, experimental data presented in this work suggest changes in fractal dimension also during floc genesis at constant...
journal article 2007
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Dankers, P.J.T. (author)
Highly concentrated suspensions are present in many natural environments. When the concentration becomes large enough, particles start to interfere with each other and their settling velocity reduces. This is called hindered settling. As a result of the reduced settling velocity, particles remain in the water column for a longer time and the...
doctoral thesis 2006
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Qinghua, Y. (author)
In the Dutch coastal zone, where the marine environment is characterized by shallow depths and highly energetic hydrodynamic conditions, the cohesive sediments, or mud, play an important role in the local morphology. For instance, mud deposits and high concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM) occur frequently, especially during...
report 2006
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Wang, L. (author)
In the Dutch coastal zone, where the marine environment is highly dynamic owing to tidal currents, wind-driven, wave-driven, and density-driven currents and waves, the cohesive sediment dynamics is always a great concern to transportation authority and coastal managers. So far, a lot research has been contributed on the cohesive sediment...
report 2006
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Maggi, F. (author)
Cohesive sediment suspended in natural waters is subject not only to transport and deposition processes but also to reactions of flocculation, \textit{i.e.} aggregation of fine particles, and breakup of aggregates. Although aggregation and breakup occur at small and very small length scales compared to transport and deposition, flocculation can...
doctoral thesis 2005
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Maggi, F. (author)
The study of cluster format ion is common in many fields of science and technology (aerosols, colloidal suspensions, hetero-disperse particulate systems in general, growth processes far from equilibrium, etc.). The term "cluster" is a general word indicating an object consisting of a set of elementary unit es organised with a certain structure....
report 2003
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Merckelbach, L.M. (author)
Many harbours in the world suffer from high siltation rates in their basins. To guarantee safe shipping, harbour authorities have to maintain the navigable depth by having dredged large amounts of mud. Some authorities relate the navigable depth to a depth at which the density is equal to a certain value, e.g. 1200 kg/m3. However, the shear...
report 1999
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Merckelbach, L.M. (author)
Many harbours in the world suffer from high siltation rates in their basins. To guarantee safe shipping, harbour authorities have to maintain the navigable depth by having dredged large amounts of mud. Some authorities relate the navigable depth to a depth at which the density is equal to a certain value, e.g. 1200 kg/m3. However,the shear...
report 1998
Searched for: subject:"cohesive%5C+sediment"
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