Searched for: subject%3A%22delta%255C-sigma%22
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Li, Shenyang (author)
This thesis describes the design of a 3rd order 1-bit delta-sigma modulator whose input-signal range (0 to 1.95V) exceeds its supply voltage (1.2V). By using a passive input stage and a single-OTA resonator, this beyond-the-rails modulator realizes a 3rd order loop filter with only two amplifiers instead of the usual three and thus achieves...
master thesis 2023
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Tang, Z. (author), Pan, S. (author), Grubor, M. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a sub-1 V bipolar junction transistor (BJT)-based temperature sensor that achieves both high accuracy and high energy efficiency. To avoid the extra headroom required by conventional current sources, the sensor’s diode-connected BJTs are biased by precharging sampling capacitors to the supply voltage and then discharging...
journal article 2023
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Eland, E.N. (author), Mehrotra, Shubham (author), Karmakar, S. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
Zoom ADCs combine a coarse SAR ADC with a fine delta-sigma modulator (?SM) to efficiently obtain high energy efficiency and high dynamic range. This makes them well suited for use in various instrumentation and audio applications. However, zoom ADCs also have drawbacks. The use of over-ranging in their fine modulators may limit SNDR, large...
book chapter 2023
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Rashidi, A. (author), Rivandi, H. (author), Grubor, M. (author), Agostinho, Andre (author), Sadio, Valter (author), Santos, Marcelino (author), Serdijn, W.A. (author), Giagka, Vasiliki (author)
This paper presents a novel multi-channel stimulation backend with a multi-bit delta-sigma control loop, which enables precise adjustment of the stimulation current through modulation of the supply voltage. This minimizes the overhead voltage of series circuitry to the stimulation load and avoids the associated energy loss. Additionally, to...
conference paper 2023
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Pecanins Martínez, Victor (author)
Several techniques have been proposed to reduce the swing at the input stage of a CTDSM. One of these is using a simple passive RC input stage. In prior works, this increased in-band quantization noise. In this paper, we use positive feedback to realize complex-conjugate poles with a passive input stage, obtaining the same noise-shaping as an...
master thesis 2022
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Campos de Oliveira, A. (author), Pan, Sining (author), Wiegerink, Remco J. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) Coriolis-based mass-flow-to-digital converter (Φ DC) that can be used with both liquids and gases. It consists of a micromachined Coriolis mass flow sensor and a CMOS interface circuit that drives it into oscillation and digitizes the resulting mass flow information. A phase-locked...
journal article 2022
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Tang, Z. (author), Brito Zamparette, R.L. (author), Furuta, Yoshikazu (author), Nezuka, Tomohiro (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a versatile shunt-based current sensor for battery management applications. It digitizes the current-induced voltage drop across an external shunt resistor with the help of a 2 nd -order delta-sigma ( ΔΣ ) ADC, whose summing node is implemented as a low-noise capacitively coupled amplifier. To compensate for the shunt’s...
journal article 2022
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Brito Zamparette, R.L. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This letter presents a low-power, fully integrated current sensor for Coulomb-counting. It employs a hybrid delta–sigma modulator ( ΔΣM ) with an FIR-DAC to digitize the voltage drop across a shunt. The modulator’s first stage consists of a capacitively coupled chopper amplifier, which enables a beyond-the-rails (−0.3 to 5 V) input common...
journal article 2022
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Mehrotra, Shubham (author), Eland, Efraim (author), Karmakar, S. (author), Liu, Angqi (author), Gonen, B. (author), Bolatkale, M. (author), Van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper presents a continuous-Time zoom ADC for audio applications. It combines a 4-bit noise-shaping coarse SAR ADC and a fine delta-sigma modulator with a tail-resistor linearized OTA for improved linearity, energy efficiency, and handling of out-of-band interferers compared to previous designs. In 160 nm CMOS, the prototype chip...
conference paper 2022
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Pan, S. (author)
This thesis describes the design and implementation of integrated temperature sensors based on the temperature dependency of CMOS resistors.
doctoral thesis 2021
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Pan, S. (author), Angevare, J. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article describes a hybrid temperature sensor in which an accurate, but energy-inefficient, thermal diffusivity (TD) sensor is used to calibrate an inaccurate, but efficient, resistor-based sensor. The latter is based on silicided polysilicon resistors embedded in a Wien-bridge (WB) filter, while the former is based on an electrothermal...
journal article 2021
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Eland, E.N. (author), Karmakar, S. (author), Gonen, B. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article describes a discrete-time zoom analog-to-digital converter (ADC) intended for audio applications. It uses a coarse 5-bit SAR ADC in tandem with a fine third-order delta-sigma modulator (ΔΣM) to efficiently obtain a high dynamic range. To minimize its over-sampling ratio (OSR) and, thus, its digital power consumption, the...
journal article 2021
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Mohamed Mahmoud Saad Hassan Saad, Mohamed (author)
This thesis presents a BJT-based CMOS temperature-to-digital converter (TDC). With a continuous-time readout, the TDC avoids the kT/C noise limit incurred by previous discrete-time (switched-capacitor) TDCs. An energy-efficient BJT front-end generates single PTAT and CTAT currents for being digitized by a delta-sigma modulator through a linear...
master thesis 2020
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Xie, S. (author), Theuwissen, A.J.P.A.M. (author)
This paper presents a CMOS image sensor (CIS) with a zoom ADC, to quantize in-pixel temperature sensors, as well as for faster readout speed of the image pixels while maintaining low quantization noise. The proposed 15 bit zoom ADC has a 4 bit Unit Capacitor Array (UCA) SAR and a 13 bit incremental 2<sup>nd</sup>-order delta-sigma ADC (DSADC)...
journal article 2020
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Xie, S. (author), Abarca Prouza, A.N. (author), Theuwissen, A.J.P.A.M. (author)
This brief proposes employing each of the classical 4 transistor (4T) pinned photodiode (PPD) CMOS image sensor (CIS) pixels, for both imaging and temperature measurement, intended for compensating the CISs' dark current, and dark signal non-uniformity (DSNU). The proposed temperature sensors rely on the thermal behavior of MOSFETs working in...
journal article 2020
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Gonen, B. (author), Karmakar, S. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article presents a continuous-Time zoom analog to digital converter (ADC) for audio applications. It employs a high-speed asynchronous SAR ADC that dynamically updates the references of a continuous-Time delta-sigma modulator (CTDSM). Compared to previous switched-capacitor (SC) zoom ADCs, its input impedance is essentially resistive,...
journal article 2020
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Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article describes a highly energy-efficient Wheatstone bridge temperature sensor. To maximize sensitivity, the bridge is made from resistors with positive (silicided diffusion) and negative (poly) temperature coefficients. The bridge is balanced by a resistive (poly) FIR-DAC, which is part of a 2nd-order continuous-time delta-sigma...
journal article 2020
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Heidary Shalmany, S. (author)
Coulomb counting is a widely used method to estimate battery state-of-charge (SoC). It involves measuring and integrating the battery’s current to determine its net charge flow.
doctoral thesis 2019
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Jiang, H. (author), Nihtianova, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes an energy-efficient bridge readout IC (ROIC), which consists of a capacitively coupled instrumentation amplifier (CCIA) that drives a continuous-time delta–sigma modulator (CTM). By exploiting the CCIA’s ability<br/>to block dc common-mode voltages, the bridge’s bias voltage may exceed the ROIC’s supply voltage, allowing...
journal article 2019
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Xie, S. (author), Theuwissen, A.J.P.A.M. (author)
This paper analyzes and compensates for process and temperature dependency among a (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) CMOS image sensor (CIS) array. Both the analysis and compensation are supported with experimental results on the CIS’s dark current, dark signal non-uniformity (DSNU), and conversion gain (CG). To model and to...
journal article 2019
Searched for: subject%3A%22delta%255C-sigma%22
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