Searched for: subject%3A%22delta%255C-sigma%255C%2Bmodulator%22
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Pecanins Martínez, Victor (author)
Several techniques have been proposed to reduce the swing at the input stage of a CTDSM. One of these is using a simple passive RC input stage. In prior works, this increased in-band quantization noise. In this paper, we use positive feedback to realize complex-conjugate poles with a passive input stage, obtaining the same noise-shaping as an...
master thesis 2022
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Pan, S. (author)
This thesis describes the design and implementation of integrated temperature sensors based on the temperature dependency of CMOS resistors.
doctoral thesis 2021
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Pan, S. (author), Angevare, J. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article describes a hybrid temperature sensor in which an accurate, but energy-inefficient, thermal diffusivity (TD) sensor is used to calibrate an inaccurate, but efficient, resistor-based sensor. The latter is based on silicided polysilicon resistors embedded in a Wien-bridge (WB) filter, while the former is based on an electrothermal...
journal article 2021
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Saad, Mohamed (author)
This thesis presents a BJT-based CMOS temperature-to-digital converter (TDC). With a continuous-time readout, the TDC avoids the kT/C noise limit incurred by previous discrete-time (switched-capacitor) TDCs. An energy-efficient BJT front-end generates single PTAT and CTAT currents for being digitized by a delta-sigma modulator through a linear...
master thesis 2020
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Xie, S. (author), Abarca Prouza, A.N. (author), Theuwissen, A.J.P.A.M. (author)
This brief proposes employing each of the classical 4 transistor (4T) pinned photodiode (PPD) CMOS image sensor (CIS) pixels, for both imaging and temperature measurement, intended for compensating the CISs' dark current, and dark signal non-uniformity (DSNU). The proposed temperature sensors rely on the thermal behavior of MOSFETs working in...
journal article 2020
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Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This article describes a highly energy-efficient Wheatstone bridge temperature sensor. To maximize sensitivity, the bridge is made from resistors with positive (silicided diffusion) and negative (poly) temperature coefficients. The bridge is balanced by a resistive (poly) FIR-DAC, which is part of a 2nd-order continuous-time delta-sigma...
journal article 2020
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Jiang, H. (author), Nihtianova, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes an energy-efficient bridge readout IC (ROIC), which consists of a capacitively coupled instrumentation amplifier (CCIA) that drives a continuous-time delta–sigma modulator (CTM). By exploiting the CCIA’s ability<br/>to block dc common-mode voltages, the bridge’s bias voltage may exceed the ROIC’s supply voltage, allowing...
journal article 2019
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Chen, Peng (author), Huang, Xiongchuan (author), Chen, Y. (author), Wu, Lianbo (author), Staszewski, R.B. (author)
To characterize an on-chip programmable delay in a low-cost and high-resolution manner, a built-in self-test based on a first-order &amp;#x0394;&amp;#x03A3; time-to-digital converter with self-calibration is proposed and implemented in TSMC 28-nm CMOS. The system is self-contained, and only one digital clock is needed for the measurements. A...
journal article 2018
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Pan, S. (author), Luo, Yanquan (author), Heidary Shalmany, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a high-resolution energy-efficient CMOS temperature sensor, intended for the temperature compensation of MEMS/quartz frequency references. The sensor is based on silicided poly-silicon thermistors, which are embedded in a Wien-bridge RC filter. When driven at a fixed frequency, the filter exhibits a temperature-dependent...
journal article 2018
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Cai, Z. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert (author), Suy, Hilco (author), de Graaf, G. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
This paper presents a readout circuit for a carbon dioxide (CO&amp;#2082;) sensor that measures the CO&amp;#x2082;-dependent thermal time constant of a hot-wire transducer. The readout circuit periodically heats up the transducer and uses a phase-domain &amp;#x0394; &amp;#x03A3; modulator to digitize the phase shift of the resulting...
journal article 2018
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Jiang, H. (author), Ligouras, C. (author), Nihtianova, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
When chopping is applied to a continuous-time sigmadelta modulator (CTΣΔM), quantization noise fold-back often occurs, leading to increased in-band noise. This can be prevented by employing a return-to-zero (RZ) digital-to-analog converter (RZ DAC) in the modulator's feedback path and arranging the chopping transitions to coincide with its RZ...
journal article 2018
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Pan, S. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
This paper describes a compact, energy efficient, resistor-based temperature sensor that can operate over a wide temperature range (-55 °C-125 °C). The sensor is based on a Wheatstone bridge (WhB) made from silicided poly-silicon and non-silicided poly-silicon resistors. To achieve both area and energy efficiencies, the current output of the WhB...
journal article 2018
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Cai, Z. (author), van Veldhoven, Robert H.M. (author), Falepin, A. (author), Suy, H. (author), Sterckx, E. (author), Bitterlich, C. (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author), Pertijs, M.A.P. (author)
This paper reports a readout circuit for a resistive CO2 sensor, which operates by measuring the CO2-dependent thermal conductivity of air. A suspended hot-wire transducer, which acts both as a resistive heater and temperature sensor, exhibits a CO2-dependent heat loss to the surrounding air, allowing CO2 concentration to be derived from its...
journal article 2016
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Kashmiri, S.M. (author)
In recent years, a lot of research has been devoted to the realization of accurate integrated frequency references. A thermal-diffusivity-based (TD) frequency reference provides an alternative method of on-chip frequency generation in standard CMOS technology. A frequency-locked loop locks the output frequency of an oscillator to the accurate...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Guo, F. (author)
An interface circuit for a fully-integrated capacitive humidity-sensor is implemented using 0.16?m standard CMOS technology. This interface circuit is intended to be used in a smart RFID sensor platform. This thesis focuses on improving the energy-efficiency of the interface circuit. A third-order incremental delta-sigma converter based on...
master thesis 2011
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Bolatkale, M. (author), Breems, LJ (author), Rutten, Robert (author), Makinwa, K.A.A. (author)
A 4 GHz third-order continuous-time ΔΣ ADC is presented with a loop filter topology that absorbs the pole caused by the input capacitance of its 4-bit quantizer and also compensates for the excess delay caused by the quantizer's latency. The ADC was implemented in 45 nm-LP CMOS and achieves 70 dB DR and -74 dBFS THD in a 125 MHz BW, while...
journal article 2011
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Coenen, A.J.R.M. (author)
doctoral thesis 1996
Searched for: subject%3A%22delta%255C-sigma%255C%2Bmodulator%22
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