Searched for: subject:"disaster"
(1 - 20 of 80)

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Hanna, J.M.K. (author)
report 2021
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Marasco, Sebastiano (author), Cardoni, Alessandro (author), Zamani Noori, Ali (author), Kammouh, O. (author), Domaneschi, Marco (author), Cimellarof, Gian Paolo (author)
Due to the increasing frequency of disastrous events, the challenge of creating large-scale simulation models has become of major significance. Indeed, several simulation strategies and methodologies have been recently developed to explore the response of communities to natural disasters. Such models can support decision-makers during...
review 2021
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Hooimeijer, F.L. (author), Sugano, K. (author), Böing, D. (author), Lafleur, F. (author)
Global challenges of ongoing urbanization especially in areas with increased coastal, fluvial and pluvial flooding cannot be solved by mere engineering solutions. Reversed Engineering with Nature is a concept that puts the natural system central, but it does seek symbioses with engineering systems into a new hybrid condition. This spatial...
journal article 2021
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Hein, C.M. (author), Schubert, Dirk (author)
Resilience has become a buzzword used to describe the capacity of cities to bounce back after disasters. It carries the hope of a robust and more sustainable future. Disasters can strike any region, but port cities face complex and particular risks due to their location at the intersection of sea and land, and their role in an international...
journal article 2020
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Wamsler, Christine (author), Johannessen, A. (author)
Increasing impacts from disasters and climate hazards have prompted international efforts to promote the development of national disaster risk reduction and resilience (DRRR) strategies intended to reduce mortality and other losses. The development of such strategies is the subject of target E of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk...
journal article 2020
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Zona, Alessandro (author), Kammouh, O. (author), Cimellaro, Gian Paolo (author)
Availability of resources is one of the primary criteria for communities to attain a high resilience level during disaster events. This paper introduces a new approach to evaluate resourcefulness at the community and national scales. Resourcefulness is calculated using a proposed composite resourcefulness index, which is a combination of several...
journal article 2020
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Warnier, Martijn (author), Alkema, Vincent (author), Comes, M. (author), van de Walle, B.A. (author)
In the immediate aftermath of a disaster, local and international aid organisations deploy to deliver life-saving aid to the affected population. Yet pre-disaster road maps and road transportation models do not capture disruptions to the transportation network caused by the disaster or the dynamic changes of the situation, resulting in...
journal article 2020
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Onencan, A.M. (author), Liu, Lian Ena (author), van de Walle, B.A. (author)
The global impacts of disaster risks are on the rise. Moreover, evidence shows that the severity of damage will increase exponentially. In 2019, there were 395 natural disasters that caused 11,755 deaths. Literature and practice indicate that diversification of disaster risk management (DRM) approaches can make communities more resilient. One...
journal article 2020
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Nespeca, V. (author), Comes, M. (author), Meesters, Kenny (author), Brazier, F.M. (author)
Traditionally, disaster management information systems have been designed to facilitate communication and coordination along stable hierarchical lines and roles. However, to support coordination in disaster response, disaster management information systems need to cater for the emerging roles, responsibilities and information needs of the...
journal article 2020
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Gebremedhin, Eskedar T. (author), Basco-Carrera, Laura (author), Jonoski, Andreja (author), Iliffe, Mark (author), Winsemius, H.C. (author)
Participatory modelling has become a growing concept in environmental modelling, as it allows stakeholders to be involved in various stages of model development. The majority of studies, however, have focused on the participation during model use for scenario analysis and strategy evaluation after the model has been developed. Large-scale...
journal article 2020
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Ralph, Paul (author), Baltes, Sebastian (author), Adisaputri, Gianisa (author), Torkar, Richard (author), Kovalenko, V.V. (author), Kalinowski, Marcos (author), Novielli, Nicole (author), Yoo, Shin (author), Devroey, Xavier (author), Tan, Xin (author), Zhou, Minghui (author), Turhan, Burak (author), Hoda, Rashina (author), Hata, Hideaki (author), Robles, Gregorio (author), Milani Fard, Amin (author), Alkadhi, Rana (author)
Context: As a novel coronavirus swept the world in early 2020, thousands of software developers began working from home. Many did so on short notice, under difficult and stressful conditions.<br/><br/>Objective: This study investigates the effects of the pandemic on developers’ wellbeing and productivity.<br/><br/>Method: A questionnaire survey...
journal article 2020
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Banerjee, I. (author), Warnier, Martijn (author), Brazier, F.M. (author)
Disaster communication has made immense progress in the last thirty years. At present, disaster research focuses on bottom-up approaches such as civilian inclusion in disaster response. With the advent of smartphones, citizen-based emergency communication has become possible. Present ad hoc communication technologies typically form a fully...
conference paper 2020
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Caunhye, Aakil M. (author), Aydin, N.Y. (author), Duzgun, H. Sebnem (author)
Route restoration is considered to be a task of foremost priority in disaster relief. In this paper, we propose a robust optimization approach for post-disaster route restoration under uncertain restoration times. We present a novel decision rule based on restoration time ordering that yields optimal restoration sequencing and propose...
journal article 2020
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Comes, M. (author), Warnier, Martijn (author), Feil, Wouter (author), van de Walle, B.A. (author)
Resilient critical airport infrastructures affected by a disaster need to sustain minimal functionality and quickly resume full operation, while at the same time coping with the increased operational demands imposed by the unfolding disaster response. In this paper, we develop a resilience framework and model-driven approach that focuses on the...
journal article 2020
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Unger, Eva-Maria (author), Bennett, Rohan (author), Lemmen, Christiaan (author), Zevenbergen, Jaap (author), Dijkstra, Paula (author), de Zeeuw, Kees (author)
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its defined Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), together with other policies such as the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, or the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) stimulate...
conference paper 2019
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Abdelgawad, Ahmed (author), Comes, M. (author)
Evaluation and testing are major steps in the development of any information system, particularly if it is to be used in high-risk contexts such as conflicts. While thus far there are various approaches for testing against technology requirements; usability or usefulness, there is a lack of a comprehensive evaluation framework that combines the...
conference paper 2019
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Paulus, D. (author), Meesters, Kenny (author), de Vries, G. (author), van de Walle, B.A. (author)
Humanitarian organizations are increasingly challenged by the amount of data available to drive their decisions. Useful data can come from many sources, exists in different formats, and merging it into a basis for analysis and planning often exceeds organizations’ capacities and resources. At the same time, affected communities’ participation in...
conference paper 2019
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Susha, Iryna (author), Rukanova, B.D. (author), Ramon Gil-Garcia, J. (author), Tan, Y. (author), Hernandez, Mila Gasco (author)
It has been advocated that sharing business data can generate public value. Still this information sharing often needs to be done on voluntary basis and that often poses major challenges. The main research question addressed in this paper is: How is voluntary information sharing to create public value achieved and what are the drivers and...
conference paper 2019
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Oostenbrink, J. (author), Kuipers, F.A. (author)
It is often assumed that a network will not be struck by multiple disasters in a relatively short period of time; that is, a subsequent disaster will not strike within the recovery phase of a previous disaster. However, recent events have shown that combinations of disasters are not implausible. This realization calls for a new perspective on...
conference paper 2019
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Meesters, Kenny (author), Nespeca, V. (author), Comes, M. (author)
Information and supporting information systems is a key element in an effective emergency response. From creating situational awareness to informed decision making, information enables responders to optimize their decisions and operations. Today, with the increased availability of information technology around the globe, a new active player in...
conference paper 2019
Searched for: subject:"disaster"
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