Searched for: subject%3A%22discrimination%22
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Mier Escurra, C. (author), Mor, A. R. (author), Luo, T. (author), Vaessen, P.T.M. (author)
The correct identification of partial discharges (PDs) is instrumental for the maintenance plan in gas-insulated systems (GIS). However, onsite PD measurements are difficult, especially in HVDC systems, where partial discharges can be confused with interference. This paper proposes a method to discern PDs from interferences based on the GIS...
journal article 2024
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Dekhovich, A. (author), Bessa, M.A. (author)
We introduce a new continual (or lifelong) learning algorithm called LDA-CP &S that performs segmentation tasks without undergoing catastrophic forgetting. The method is applied to two different surface defect segmentation problems that are learned incrementally, i.e., providing data about one type of defect at a time, while still being...
journal article 2024
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Zhao, Z. (author), Huang, J. (author), Chen, Lydia Y. (author), Roos, S. (author)
Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are increasingly adopted by the industry to synthesize realistic images using competing generator and discriminator neural networks. Due to data not being centrally available, Multi-Discriminator (MD)-GANs training frameworks employ multiple discriminators that have direct access to the real data....
conference paper 2024
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Du, Yutong (author)
Pixel charge detectors are responsible for counting the number of collected electrons and converting it into an electrical signal. The proposed charge detector pixel readout integrated circuit (ROIC), implemented in 40nm TSMC technology, should be able to detect an amount of charge as low as 160aC, with a high time resolution of 2.5ns, using...
master thesis 2023
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Hupkens, Lisanne (author)
Goal: Nerve injury is a typical complication of a fasciectomy, a surgical treatment for Dupuytren's contracture. This research focuses on the creation of a surgical device to prevent this medical complication.<br/>Design: A mechanical feedforward-based device with a spreading and cutting mechanism was proposed. Stretching the target tissue...
master thesis 2023
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Wong, Janet (author)
In the Netherlands, there has been a growing exposure of discriminatory practices across various domains. Notable instances such as the child benefit allowance scandal (referred to as the "toeslagen affaire") and concerns surrounding student allowance (DUO) have captured public attention. These problems are not confined to public domains;...
master thesis 2023
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Saur, R. (author), la Poutré, J.A. (author), Yorke-Smith, N. (author)
The adoption of new market mechanisms - vital to the better integration of flexible assets - depends on the fairness and nondiscrimination of the pricing rules. We consider a market setting with time-flexible unit energy buyers and sellers, that additionally submit their availability in time. The time-flexibility of the agents allows for...
journal article 2023
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Breda, Rebecca (author)
Breast cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer among women, leading to 2.3 million new diagnosis and almost 685,000 deaths in 2020. Currently, one of the preferred treatments is breast conserving surgery (BCS), but its success depends on the correct identification of tumor margins during surgery. A promising optical intraoperative margin...
master thesis 2022
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Hoogeveen, Harm (author)
Commonsense knowledge plays a key role in human intelligence. It is knowledge possessed by most humans that helps them in everyday situations. One possible way is to store the knowledge in four types. Each piece is either positive or negative, and generative or discriminative. For efficient retrieval and storage, a uniform model is needed....
bachelor thesis 2022
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Hammerschlag, Linda (author)
There is currently a "crisis of care" in our neoliberal capitalist society in which women are disproportionally affected and experience isolation in their homes trying to take care of their family members. For low-income households, the struggle involves balancing their time to work and also taking enough care of their family. Co-operative...
master thesis 2022
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Balayn, A.M.A. (author), He, G. (author), Hu, Andrea (author), Yang, J. (author), Gadiraju, Ujwal (author)
Access to commonsense knowledge is receiving renewed interest for developing neuro-symbolic AI systems, or debugging deep learning models. Little is currently understood about the types of knowledge that can be gathered using existing knowledge elicitation methods. Moreover, these methods fall short of meeting the evolving requirements of...
conference paper 2022
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Babić, Amila (author)
In the recent years, police violence and discrimination towards minorities have become widely criticized by news outlets and within society. The trust in the police has decreased over the last years as ethnic profiling and the deaths of multiple people of colour have come to light. The police law enforcement and their officers have been...
master thesis 2021
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Balayn, A.M.A. (author), Yang, J. (author), Szlávik, Zoltán (author), Bozzon, A. (author)
The automatic detection of conflictual languages (harmful, aggressive, abusive, and offensive languages) is essential to provide a healthy conversation environment on the Web. To design and develop detection systems that are capable of achieving satisfactory performance, a thorough understanding of the nature and properties of the targeted type...
journal article 2021
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Eren, Ezgi (author), Hondrich, Lukas (author), Huang, Linus (author), Imana, Basileal (author), Kettemann, Matthias C. (author), Kuai, Joanne (author), Mattiuzzo, Marcela (author), Pirang, Alexander (author), Pop Stefanija, Ana (author), Rzepka, Sylvi (author), Sekwenz, M.T. (author), Siebert, Zora (author), Stapel, Sarah (author), Weckner, Franka (author)
Who gets to see what on the internet? And who decides why? These are among the most crucial questions regarding online communication spaces – and they especially apply to job advertising online. Targeted advertising on online platforms offers advertisers the chance to deliver ads to carefully selected audiences. Yet, optimizing job ads for...
report 2021
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Jonker, C.M. (author), Murukannaiah, P.K. (author), Verwaart, D. (author)
The bargaining power of prosumers in a market can vary significantly. Participants can range from industrial participants to powerful and less powerful citizens. Existing trade mechanisms in such markets, e.g., in rural India’s energy trade market, show occurrences of discrimination, exclusion, and unfairness. We study how discrimination...
conference paper 2021
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Miller, S.R.M. (author)
In this article, it is argued that the constitutive principles of Just War Theory and the jus ad bellum/jus in bello duality do not transfer all that well to national security intelligence activity. Accordingly, while Just Intelligence Theory–comprising jus ad intelligentiam and jus in intelligentia–provides a useful starting point in the...
journal article 2021
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Tammaru, T. (author), Knapp, David (author), Silm, Siiri (author), van Ham, M. (author), Witlox, Frank (author)
A paradigm shift is taking place in spatial segregation research. At the heart of this shift is the understanding of the connectedness of spatial segregation in different life domains and the availability of new datasets that allow for more detailed studies on these connections. In this thematic issue on spatial underpinnings of social...
contribution to periodical 2021
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Kouw, W.M. (author), Loog, M. (author)
Consider a domain-adaptive supervised learning setting, where a classifier learns from labeled data in a source domain and unlabeled data in a target domain to predict the corresponding target labels. If the classifier’s assumption on the relationship between domains (e.g. covariate shift, common subspace, etc.) is valid, then it will usually...
journal article 2021
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Noom, J. (author), Nguyen, Hieu Thao (author), Soloviev, O.A. (author), Verhaegen, M.H.G. (author)
This manuscript presents an improvement of state-of-the-art Closed-Loop Active Model Diagnosis (CLAMD). The proposed method utilizes weighted Bhattacharyya coefficients evaluated at the vertices of the polytopic constraint set to provide a good trade-off between computational efficiency and satisfactory input choice for separation of candidate...
conference paper 2021
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Lazo, Claudio (author)
Algorithmic decision-making (ADM) is becoming increasingly prevalent in society, due to the rapid technological developments in Artificial Intelligence. ADM make substantially impactful decisions about people: diagnosing whether we have a disease, what news and which ads we get to see, whether we<br/>are eligible for a job, benefits, a college...
master thesis 2020
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