Searched for: subject:"economics"
(1 - 20 of 176)

Pages

document
Xi, K. (author), Lin, H.X. (author), Shen, Chen (author), van Schuppen, J.H. (author)
A consensus-control-based multi-level control law named Multi-Level Power-Imbalance Allocation Control (MLPIAC) is presented for a large-scale power system partitioned into two or more groups. Centralized control is implemented in each group while distributed control is implemented at the coordination level of the groups. Besides restoring...
journal article 2020
document
Dai, Pengcheng (author), Yu, Wenwu (author), Wen, Guanghui (author), Baldi, S. (author)
In this article, the dynamic economic dispatch (DED) problem for smart grid is solved under the assumption that no knowledge of the mathematical formulation of the actual generation cost functions is available. The objective of the DED problem is to find the optimal power output of each unit at each time so as to minimize the total generation...
journal article 2020
document
Gandiglio, Marta (author), Saberi Mehr, Ali (author), MosayebNezhad, M. (author), Lanzini, Andrea (author), Santarelli, Massimo (author)
Polygeneration configurations for small power generation systems offer significant potential for energy saving and reducing carbon emissions in wastewater treatment facilities. In this work, a biogas-fed solid oxide fuel cell system operating in a wastewater treatment plant (located in Turin, Italy) is analyzed in terms of its potential...
journal article 2020
document
van Giezen, A.V. (author), Wiegmans, B. (author)
Every year about 300 million tons of plastic is produced, resulting in more than five trillion plastic particles currently floating in the oceans five largest convergence zones. The Ocean Cleanup is testing a method to passively collect this floating plastic debris, transport, recycle, process and sell it. The purpose of this paper is to...
journal article 2020
document
Safaei Farahani, S. (author), Bleeker, C.C.A. (author), van Wijk, A.J.M. (author), Lukszo, Z. (author)
The current focus on the massive CO2 reduction highlights the need for the rapid development of technology for the production, storage, transportation and distribution of renewable energy. In addition to electricity, we need other forms of energy carriers that are more suitable for energy storage and transportation. Hydrogen is one of the...
journal article 2020
document
Zhao, X. (author), Verhagen, W.J.C. (author), Curran, R. (author)
The present study proposes an economic indicator to support the evaluation of aircraft End of Life (EoL) strategies in view of the increasing demand with regards to aircraft decommissioning. This indicator can be used to evaluate the economic performance and to facilitate the trade-off studies among different strategies. First, Disposal and...
journal article 2020
document
Dupuits, E.J.C. (author)
Historically, people in flood-prone areas world-wide have (to a certain degree) accepted the risk of being flooded because of the benefits that flood-prone areas can provide; examples of such benefits are rich agricultural lands or trade advantages. Acceptance and benefits notwithstanding, people living in flood-prone areas have tried, and will...
doctoral thesis 2019
document
Vural Gursel, Iris (author), Dijkstra, Jan W. (author), Huijgen, Wouter J.J. (author), Ramirez, Andrea (author)
This paper presents a techno-economic assessment of three novel routes for the production of bio-based aromatics from lignin. It aims to provide insights into their feasibility and hotspots at an early stage of development to guide further research and development and to facilitate commercialization. The lignin conversion routes are: (non...
journal article 2019
document
Mouter, N. (author)
Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is a widely used economic appraisal method that aims to support politicians in making decisions about projects and policies. Several researchers have tried to uncover the extent to which CBA actually impacts decision-making by investigating the statistical relation between the results of CBA studies and political...
book chapter 2019
document
Pedraza de la Cuesta, S. (author), Knopper, L. (author), van der Wielen, L.A.M. (author), Cuellar Soares, M.C. (author)
Sesquiterpenes are a group of versatile, 15-carbon molecules with applications ranging from fuels to fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals. When produced by microbial fermentation at laboratory scale, solvents are often employed for reducing product evaporation and enhancing recovery. However, it is not clear whether this approach constitutes a...
journal article 2019
document
Barthel, Stephan (author), Isendahl, Christian (author), Vis, Benjamin N. (author), Drescher, Axel (author), Evans, Daniel L. (author), van Timmeren, A. (author)
Global urbanization and food production are in direct competition for land. This paper carries out a critical review of how displacing crop production from urban and peri-urban land to other areas – because of issues related to soil quality – will demand a substantially larger proportion of the Earth’s terrestrial land surface than the...
review 2019
document
Hong, Tao (author), Yu, Nannan (author), Storm, S.T.H. (author), Gao, Bo (author)
This study analyses domestic market integration’s (DMI’s) dynamic influence on regional economic growth in China. The authors construct a matrix of annual DMI indices for 29 provinces for 1997–2015. They calculate the reciprocal matrix and combine it with the β-convergence model and spatial econometrics to analyse the relationships between...
journal article 2019
document
Tronchin, Lamberto (author), Manfren, Massimiliano (author), Nastasi, B. (author)
The identification of techno-economically feasible decarbonisation paths and sustainability transitions for the built environment is a necessary task for research today and building stock renovation processes can act in synergy with innovative economic and technological development paradigms to achieve different types of benefits such as...
journal article 2019
document
Asveld, L. (author), Osseweijer, P. (author), Posada Duque, J.A. (author)
In this chapter we aim to give an overview of the main societal and ethical issues that are currently voiced around industrial biotechnology. We will illustrate this with some recent cases, such as the development of synthetic artemisinin, synthetic vanillin and vegetable oil produced by engineered algae. We show that current societal and...
book chapter 2019
document
Suresh Kumar, P. (author), Korving, Leon (author), van Loosdrecht, Mark C.M. (author), Witkamp, G.J. (author)
Eutrophication and the resulting formation of harmful algal blooms (HAB) causes huge economic and environmental damages. Phosphorus (P) from sewage effluent and agricultural run-off has been identified as a major cause for eutrophication. Phosphorous concentrations greater than 100 μg P/L are usually considered high enough to cause...
review 2019
document
Dupuits, E.J.C. (author), Klerk, W.J. (author), Schweckendiek, T. (author), de Bruijn, K. M. (author)
In risk analysis of riverine flood defence systems, sections of flood defences are often considered separately, herewith ignoring their interdependence, e.g. due to the hydraulic response following dike breaches in the system. In previous studies it has been found that such interdependence can have a significant influence on flood risk estimates...
journal article 2019
document
Stek, P.E. (author)
A methodology for identifying high R&D city-regions worldwide using patent data is presented. A heat map (kernel density estimation) approach is used which allows city-regions to be identified in areas with a high patenting intensity, a proxy for high R&D expenditure. The methodology is independent of any pre-existing administrative...
journal article 2019
document
Zhu, P. (author), Hein, C.M. (author)
The Chinese government is heavily investing in trade-related infrastructure with its One Belt One Road Initiative (OBOR), a proposal to build a new Silk Road or network of trade routes. This infrastructure-driven innovation will have a large economic, spatial and environmental impact on China; it is also likely to transform entire regions...
journal article 2019
document
Mouter, N. (author), van Cranenburgh, S. (author), van Wee, G.P. (author)
Cost-benefit analyses for transportation projects usually value impacts on safety and travel time through experiments in which consumers of mobility (‘drivers’) choose between routes which differ in safety and travel time. This approach has been criticized for failing to consider that private choices may not fully reflect citizens’...
journal article 2018
document
Moncada Escudero, J.A. (author)
One of the challenges of the twenty-first century is the transition to a sustainable energy system. Road transport biofuels can play an important role in this energy transition. Indeed, biofuels have the largest global share as a mitigation measure in the road transport sector. In 2012, biofuels accounted for 3.4% of global road transport fuel...
doctoral thesis 2018
Searched for: subject:"economics"
(1 - 20 of 176)

Pages