Searched for: subject:"estuaries"
(1 - 20 of 166)

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de Vet, P.L.M. (author)
Intertidal flats — regions of estuaries that emerge every tide from the water — form unique ecosystems. Benthic communities living in the bed are a valuable food source for wading birds. Salt marshes present on these flats further enhance the biodiversity. Through the damping of waves, intertidal flats also contribute to the safety of the...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Wang, Zhengbing (author), Townend, Ian (author), Stive, M.J.F. (author)
Aggregation is used to represent the real world in a model at an appropriate level of abstraction. We used the convection-diffusion equation to<br/>examine the implications of aggregation progressing from a three-dimensional (3D) spatial description to a model representing a system as a<br/>single box that exchanges sediment with the adjacent...
journal article 2020
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de Vet, P.L.M. (author), van Prooijen, Bram (author), Colosimo, I. (author), Ysebaert, T. (author), Herman, P.M.J. (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author)
Dredging of navigation channels in estuaries affects estuarine morphology and ecosystems. In the Western Scheldt, a two-channel estuary in the Netherlands, the navigation channel is deepened and the sediment is relocated to other parts of the estuary. We analyzed the response of an intertidal flat to sediment disposals in its adjacent channel...
journal article 2020
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Zhang, Z. (author)
Saltwater intrusion is a crucial issue in estuaries. The spread of salinity is described by the dispersion coefficient. A purely empirical equation which links the effective tidal average dispersion to the freshwater discharge was developed by Van der Burgh [1972]. Combining it with the salt balance equation, Savenije [1986] derived a one...
doctoral thesis 2019
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Wang, Z.B. (author), Vandenbruwaene, Wouter (author), Taal, Marcel (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author)
The records ofHWand LWin the most upper part of the Scheldt Estuary since 1971 have been analysed together with the daily river discharge. The tidal range, the hydraulic head and the ratio between the rising tide period to falling tide period have been determined for investigating the tidal amplification, the water surface slope along the river...
journal article 2019
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Zhu, C. (author), Guo, Leicheng (author), van Maren, D.S. (author), Tian, Bo (author), Wang, Xianye (author), He, Qing (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author)
The morphology of the Yangtze Estuary has changed substantially at decadal time scales in response to natural processes, local human interference and reduced sediment supply. Due to its high sediment load, the morphodynamic response time of the estuary is short, providing a valuable semi-natural system to evaluate large-scale estuarine...
journal article 2019
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Deng, Zhirui (author), He, Qing (author), Safar, Z. (author), Chassagne, C. (author)
The precise interactions between organic and inorganic particles in the context of flocculation is an on-going topic of research. The suspended particulate matter (SPM) found in estuaries is composed of both organic and inorganic particles with specific particle size distributions (PSD's). These PSD's are a function of the hydrodynamic...
journal article 2019
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Dijkstra, Y.M. (author), Chant, Robert J. (author), Reinfelder, John R. (author)
Phytoplankton biomass in estuaries is controlled by complex biological and chemical processes that control growth and mortality, and physical processes that control transport and dilution. The effects of these processes on phytoplankton blooms were systematically analyzed, focusing on identifying the dominant controlling factors out of river...
journal article 2019
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Elmilady, H.M.S.M.A. (author), van der Wegen, M. (author), Roelvink, D. (author), Jaffe, B. E. (author)
Anticipated sea level rise (SLR) threatens intertidal areas and associated ecosystems in estuaries worldwide. There is a need to develop validated modeling tools to assess the impact of SLR on estuarine morphodynamics. This study explores the morphological impact of SLR on a channel-shoal system in San Pablo Bay, a subembayment of San...
journal article 2019
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Klingbeil, Knut (author), Becherer, Johannes (author), Schulz, Elisabeth (author), de Swart, Huib E. (author), Schuttelaars, H.M. (author), Valle-Levinson, Arnoldo (author), Burchard, Hans (author)
This paper presents thickness-weighted averaging (TWA) in generalized vertical coordinates as a unified framework for a variety of existing tidal-averaging concepts in seas and estuaries. Vertical profiles of resulting residual quantities depend on the specific vertical coordinate, which is held fixed during the averaging process. This...
journal article 2019
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Kumar, M. (author)
doctoral thesis 2018
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Zhao, Jie (author), Guo, Leicheng (author), He, Qing (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author), van Maren, D.S. (author), Wang, X. (author)
Examination of large scale, alluvial estuarine morphology and associated time evolution is of particular importance regarding management of channel navigability, ecosystem, etc. In this work, we analyze morphological evolution and changes of the channel-shoal system in the Changjiang Estuary, a river- and tide-controlled coastal plain estuary,...
journal article 2018
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Xie, Dongfeng (author), Pan, Cunhong (author), Gao, Shu (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author)
The importance of seasonal variations in river discharge on the morphological development of estuaries has been recognized in recent years, yet in situ observations about such variations are rare. Here we report a long-term dataset of bathymetry in the middle reach of the Qiantang Estuary, China, characterized by the presence of a large inner...
journal article 2018
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Oosterlo, P. (author), van der Meer, J.W. (author), Hofland, B. (author), van Vledder, G.P. (author)
abstract 2018
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Dijkstra, Y.M. (author), Schuttelaars, H.M. (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author)
Over the last few decades, some estuaries have undergone a transition to a hyperturbid state, characterised by suspended sediment concentrations of several grammes per litre averaged over the water column. To improve our understanding of this transition and of naturally hyperturbid estuaries, we systematically identify the processes allowing...
journal article 2018
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Vallaeys, Valentin (author), Kärnä, Tuomas (author), Delandmeter, Philippe (author), Lambrechts, Jonathan (author), Baptista, António M. (author), Deleersnijder, E.L.C. (author), Hanert, Emmanuel (author)
The Columbia River (CR) estuary is characterized by high river discharge and strong tides that generate high velocity flows and sharp density gradients. Its dynamics strongly affects the coastal ocean circulation. Tidal straining in turn modulates the stratification in the estuary. Simulating the hydrodynamics of the CR estuary and plume...
journal article 2018
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Brouwer, R.L. (author), Schramkowski, G.P. (author), Dijkstra, Y.M. (author), Schuttelaars, H.M. (author)
Using an idealized width-averaged process-based model, the role of a mud pool on the bed and time-varying river discharge on the trapping of fine sediment is systematically investigated. For this purpose, a dynamically and physically motivated description of erodibility is presented, which relates the amount of sediment on the bed to the...
journal article 2018
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Xie, Dongfeng (author), Pan, Cunhong (author), Wu, Xiuguang (author), Gao, Shu (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author)
We investigate the morphological responses of the Hangzhou Bay, China, located immediately south of the Changjiang Estuary, to the drastic reduction of the sediment load from the Changjiang River and the large-scale coastal embankment schemes over past decades. The spatial patterns of deposition and erosion, sediment volume changes, and the...
journal article 2017
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Guo, Chao (author), He, Qing (author), Guo, Leicheng (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author)
In order to improve our understandings of temporal and vertical variations of sediment flocculation dynamics within the turbidity maxima (TM) of the highly turbid Yangtze Estuary (YE), we deployed LISST-100C, a laser instrument for in-situ monitor of the sizes and concentrations of flocculated particles in a wet season. Field data in terms of...
journal article 2017
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van Maren, D.S. (author), Cronin, Katherine (author)
Estuarine suspended sediment transport models are typically calibrated against suspended sediment concentration data. These data typically cover a limited range of the actual suspended sediment concentration dynamics, constrained in either time or space. As a result of these data limitations, the available data can be reproduced with complex...
journal article 2016
Searched for: subject:"estuaries"
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