Searched for: subject%3A%22evacuation%22
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Meij, Richard (author), Soleymani Shishvan, M. (author), Sattarvand, Javad (author)
Navigating miners during an evacuation using smart evacuation technology can significantly decrease the evacuation time of an underground mine in case of emergency hazards. This paper presents a mathematical programming model to calculate the most efficient escape path for miners as a critical component of smart evacuation technology. In this...
journal article 2024
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Heesakkers, Valerie (author)
In July 2021, heavy floods hit the Dutch province Limburg after days of rainfall in south-west Germany, the Ardennes and southern Limburg. Rivers like the Geul, the Roer and the Maas couldn’t discharge the large amounts of water. Many parts of these regions flooded, and approximately 50.000 people have been evacuated from their homes (Task Force...
master thesis 2023
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Vassalos, D. (author), Paterson, D. (author), Mauro, F. (author)
Flooding risk identification is a task always treated within a very narrow scope between the life-cycle of a passenger ship. Therefore, different approaches and methods are available for design, operational or onboard applications. Furthermore, the models employed and proposed solutions use simplified methods based on empirical or...
journal article 2023
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Medina Pena, N.J. (author), Sanchez, Arlex (author), Vojinovic, Zoran (author)
Disasters triggered by natural hazards are becoming more frequent and more intense, causing damage to infrastructure and causing loss of life. One way to reduce disaster risk is by evacuating the hazardous area. However, despite the amount of literature that exists on evacuation behavior, there is still a lack of agreement on which variables...
journal article 2023
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Khakzad, Nima (author), Chen, Chao (author), Reniers, G.L.L.M.E. (author), Amyotte, Paul (author)
Effective firefighting and evacuation are integral parts of emergency response plans in process plants, which play a key role in protecting human lives and assets in the event of major fires. Given sufficient firefighting resources, firefighters would suppress all the burning vessels and cool off all the exposed vessels in order to contain the...
journal article 2023
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Van Damme, E.R.I. (author), van der Wal, C.N. (author), Hofstede, Gert Jan (author), Brazier, F.M. (author)
“How does culture, in combination with cues, settings and affiliation, influence response-phase behaviour and time and total evacuation time?”. A questionnaire and an agent-based model for a case study of a library evacuation in Czech Republic, Poland, Turkey and the UK have been developed to answer this question. Our questionnaire, conducted...
conference paper 2023
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Irnich, Jakob (author), van der Wal, C.N. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Auping, Willem L. (author)
Different leader-follower behaviors may be observed in models, such as group gathering, backtracking, and changing between groups. However, a comparison of these behaviors resulting in possible substantially different estimates of optimal evacuation procedures is lacking. Hence, we developed an agent-based model in combination with exploratory...
conference paper 2023
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Irnich, Jakob (author)
Different leader-follower behavior may be observed in models, such as group gathering, backtracking, and flexibility of the group. However, a comparison of these behaviors resulting in possible substantially different estimates of optimal evacuation procedures is lacking. Hence, we developed an Agent-based model in combination with exploratory...
master thesis 2022
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de Jong, Michiel (author)
In the modern world, evacuating a building in a safe and orderly manner remains a challenge. Fire-based emergencies in a building are dynamic environments that can be simulated to better understand, analyse, and contribute to safer and smarter buildings. While different spatial representations exist, <i>voxels</i> provide a structured, flexible...
master thesis 2022
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Van de Sype, Luka (author)
The severity of natural disasters is increasing every year, having an impact on many people's lives. During the response phase of disasters, airports are important hubs where relief aid arrives while people need to be evacuated out of there. However, the airport often forms a bottleneck in these relief operations, because of the sudden need for...
master thesis 2022
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Feng, Y. (author)
This dissertation is focused on using Virtual Reality to study pedestrian wayfinding behaviour in buildings during both normal and emergency situations, from simple scenarios to complex scenarios. In particular, various empirical datasets featuring pedestrian wayfinding and evacuation behaviour were collected using different VR technologies to...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Huang, R. (author), Zhao, Xuan (author), Yuan, Y. (author), Yu, Qiang (author), Daamen, W. (author)
Numerous evacuation performance data for the utilization in evacuation modelling and simulations have been established for the conventional/widely studied scenarios, such as building evacuation scenarios. However, such data are typically scarce for a new scenario in literature — evacuation from high-deck coaches. This paper fulfills this gap...
journal article 2022
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Feng, Y. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Virtual Reality (VR) provides the possibility to study pedestrian wayfinding behaviour in multi-level buildings. Although VR has been applied increasingly to study pedestrian behaviour, it has remained unclear how different VR technology would affect behavioural outcomes in a multi-level building. The study compares the adoption of different VR...
journal article 2022
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Feng, Y. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Although understanding wayfinding behaviour in complex buildings is important to ensure pedestrian safety, the state of the art predominantly investigated pedestrian movement in simplified environments. This paper presents a Virtual Reality tool – WayR, that is designed to investigate pedestrian wayfinding behaviour in a multi-story building...
journal article 2022
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Ge, Wei (author), Jiao, Yutie (author), Wu, Meimei (author), Li, Zongkun (author), Wang, Te (author), Li, Wei (author), Zhang, Yadong (author), Gao, Weixing (author), van Gelder, P.H.A.J.M. (author)
Dam breaches often have catastrophic consequences in downstream areas. Hydrodynamic factors and the evacuation potential of the population at risk (PAR) have significant impacts on the loss of life (LOL) caused by dam breaches. However, the existing comprehensive evaluation models have not conducted in-depth research on the evacuation...
journal article 2022
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Yuan, S. (author), Cai, Jitao (author), Reniers, G.L.L.M.E. (author), Yang, M. (author), Chen, Chao (author), Wu, Jiansong (author)
Toxic gas leakage represents a type of major process accident scenario threatening human life. Technical and non-technical safety barriers are employed to prevent toxic gas leakage accidents or mitigate the possible catastrophic consequences. Evacuation must be executed in severe toxic gas release scenarios. The performance assessment of...
journal article 2022
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Liang, Benbu (author), van der Wal, C.N. (author), Xie, Kefan (author), Chen, Y. (author), Brazier, F.M. (author), Dulebenets, Maxim A. (author), Liu, Zimei (author)
Emergency evacuation is viewed as a common strategy adopted during the disaster preparedness stage of evacuation to ensure the safety of potentially affected populations. In emergency evacuation studies, soft computing approaches and methodologies have been widely used to support effective decision-making, providing robust and low-cost solutions...
review 2022
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Vassalos, Dracos (author), Paterson, Donald (author), Mauro, F. (author), Mujeeb-Ahmed, M. P. (author), Boulougouris, Evangelos (author)
Development of damage stability as a scientific subject, specifically in damage ship hydrodynamics and, generally, flooding risk assessment, has evolved primarily by inquisitive academics with support by people with vision and passion towards maritime safety enhancement from industry and Government, the latter in the wake of serious accidents...
journal article 2022
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Van Damme, Elvira (author)
Accidents in buildings happen frequently and if people are not evacuated in time, this can have major consequences. The behaviour of building occupants is one of the most critical determinants herein. <br/>Evacuation behaviour consists of two phases: the response phase and the evacuation movement phase. During the response phase, a building...
master thesis 2021
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Knetemann, Kylian (author)
Over the last decades, the world population has grown vastly and the percentage of people living in cities has increased. This process of urbanization has had a lot of implications for both safety management and research on evacuations. Due to this growth in urbanization, more high density gatherings are taking place, potentially resulting in...
master thesis 2021
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