Searched for: subject:"flood%5C+risk"
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Abebe, Y.A. (author)
The negative impacts of floods are attributed to the extent and magnitude of a flood hazard, and the vulnerability and exposure of natural and human elements. In flood risk management (FRM) studies, it is crucial to model the interaction between human and flood subsystems across multiple spatial, temporal and organizational scales. Models should...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Ozer, I.E. (author)
Flood defense systems are critical in protecting against catastrophic events which often lead to significant damage, fatalities or substantial socio-economic and environmental impact. Even though levees form a significant part of the existing flood defense systems, there is a limited knowledge of the different levee behavior processes and the...
doctoral thesis 2020
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Ciullo, A. (author), Kwakkel, J.H. (author), De Bruijn, Karin M. (author), Doorn, N. (author), Klijn, F. (author)
Flood risk management decisions in many countries are based on decision-support frameworks which rely on cost-benefit analyses. Such frameworks are seldom informative about the geographical distribution of risk, raising questions on the fairness of the proposed policies. In the present work, we propose a new decision criterion that accounts...
journal article 2020
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Meng, M. (author), Dabrowski, M.M. (author), Stead, D. (author)
The need to respond to increasing flood risk, climate change, and rapid urban development has shaped innovative policies and practices of spatial planning in many countries over recent decades. As an instrumental–technical intervention, planning is mainly used to improve the physical environment (through concepts such as regulating waterproof...
review 2020
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Thaler, Thomas (author), Doorn, N. (author), Hartmann, Thomas (author)
In view of the anticipated climate change, many countries face increasing risks of flooding. Since the end of the 20<sup>th</sup> century, the traditional hard flood protection measures have been increasingly complemented with spatial flood risk reduction measures. These measures, though in the public interest and as such, benefitting many...
journal article 2020
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van Damme, M. (author)
An accurate prediction of the breach widening rate after the onset of a levee failure is essential for flood risk assessments. Current state-of-the-art analytical breach growth relations are empirical in nature. The large variety in loading conditions, levee design, and levee construction material, combined with the limited amount of accurate...
journal article 2020
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Juan, Andrew (author), Gori, Avantika (author), Sebastian, Antonia (author)
In this study, we compare the ability of two riverine flood control approaches: channelization and stream preservation/setbacks, to alleviate the adverse impacts of rapid urbanization. To study the effects of structural intervention and urban development on the evolution of the floodplain, we have chosen two neighboring urban watersheds in...
journal article 2020
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Abdeldayem, Omar M. (author), Eldaghar, Omar (author), Mostafa, Mohamed K. (author), Habashy, Mahmoud M. (author), Hassan, Ahmed A. (author), Mahmoud, Hossam (author), Morsy, Karim M. (author), Abdelrady, Ahmed (author), Peters, Robert W. (author)
This paper aims to propose methods to mitigate the risks of flash flood events in arid rural communities with poor infrastructure. A flash flood management case study was conducted at Afouna Village in Egypt, which is characterized by an arid climate and faced a devasting flash flood in 2015. First, the flash flood was modelled and it was...
journal article 2020
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Marijnissen, Richard (author), Esselink, Peter (author), Kok, M. (author), Kroeze, Carolien (author), van Loon-Steensma, J.M. (author)
Effective adaptation to sea-level rise is critical for future flood protection. Nature-based solutions including salt marshes have been proposed to naturally enhance coastal infrastructure. A gently sloping grass-covered dike (i.e. Wide Green Dike) can be strengthened with clay accumulating locally in the salt marsh. This study explores the...
journal article 2020
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Curran, A.N. (author), de Bruijn, K.M. (author), Domeneghetti, Alessio (author), Bianchi, Federica (author), Kok, M. (author), Vorogushyn, Sergiy (author), Castellarin, Attilio (author)
Reliable hazard analysis is crucial in the flood risk management of river basins. For the floodplains of large, developed rivers, flood hazard analysis often needs to account for the complex hydrology of multiple tributaries and the potential failure of dikes. Estimating this hazard using deterministic methods ignores two major aspects of...
journal article 2020
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Lendering, K.T. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author), van Ledden, Mathijs (author), Vrijling, J.K. (author)
Flood risk reduction can be provided by interventions such as raising land or constructing flood defences. This paper introduces an approach to optimise the selection of risk reduction strategies. It expands existing economic optimization approaches for flood defences, by introducing (largely) analytical formulations to include the effects of...
journal article 2020
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Yin, Jie (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author), Lin, Ning (author), Yu, Dapeng (author), Aerts, Jeroen (author), Wilby, Robert (author), Pan, Ming (author), Bricker, J.D. (author), Ke, Q. (author)
Sea level rise (SLR) and subsidence are expected to increase the risk of flooding and reliance on flood defenses for cities built on deltas. Here, we combine reliability analysis with hydrodynamic modeling to quantify the effect of projected relative SLR on dike failures and flood hazards for Shanghai, one of the most exposed delta cities. We...
journal article 2020
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Petersson, Louise (author), ten Veldhuis, Marie-claire (author), Verhoeven, Govert (author), Kapelan, Z. (author), Maholi, Innocent (author), Winsemius, H.C. (author)
In this paper we demonstrate a framework for urban flood modeling with community mapped data, particularly suited for flood risk management in data-scarce environments. The framework comprises three principal stages: data acquisition with survey design and quality assurance, model development and model implementation for flood prediction. We...
journal article 2020
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Kindermann, P.E. (author), Brouwer, Wietske S. (author), van Hamel, A. (author), van Haren, Mick (author), Verboeket, Rik P. (author), Nane, G.F. (author), Lakhe, Hanik (author), Prajapati, Rajaram (author), Davids, J.C. (author)
Like other cities in the Kathmandu Valley, Bhaktapur faces rapid urbanisation and population growth. Rivers are negatively impacted by uncontrolled settlements in flood-prone areas, lowering permeability, decreasing channels widths, and waste blockage. All these issues, along with more extreme rain events during the monsoon due to climate...
journal article 2020
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Dupuits, E.J.C. (author)
Historically, people in flood-prone areas world-wide have (to a certain degree) accepted the risk of being flooded because of the benefits that flood-prone areas can provide; examples of such benefits are rich agricultural lands or trade advantages. Acceptance and benefits notwithstanding, people living in flood-prone areas have tried, and will...
doctoral thesis 2019
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Vuik, V. (author), Borsje, Bas W. (author), Willemsen, Pim W.J.M. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
Flood risks are increasing worldwide due to climate change and ongoing economic and demographic development in coastal areas. Salt marshes can function as vegetated foreshores that reduce wave loads on coastal structures such as dikes and dams, thereby mitigating current and future flood risk. This paper aims to quantify long-term (100 years)...
journal article 2019
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Vuik, V. (author)
Flood risk reduction in coastal areas is traditionally approached from a conventional engineering perspective, where dikes and dams are built to withstand the forces of tides, surges and waves. Recently, a nature-based approach to flood risk reduction is increasingly promoted, in which the benefits of coastal ecosystems for reducing the impact...
doctoral thesis 2019
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Abebe, Y.A. (author), Ghorbani, A. (author), Nikolic, I. (author), Vojinovic, Zoran (author), Sanchez, Arlex (author)
In this paper, we describe a modelling framework that allows the integration of human and physical components of flood risk. Within this framework, flood risk management is conceptualized as a coupled human-flood system. The human subsystem includes individuals and their behaviour and institutions that shape human-flood interaction. The...
journal article 2019
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Dupuits, E.J.C. (author), Klerk, W.J. (author), Schweckendiek, T. (author), de Bruijn, K. M. (author)
In risk analysis of riverine flood defence systems, sections of flood defences are often considered separately, herewith ignoring their interdependence, e.g. due to the hydraulic response following dike breaches in the system. In previous studies it has been found that such interdependence can have a significant influence on flood risk estimates...
journal article 2019
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Ciullo, A. (author), De Bruijn, Karin M. (author), Kwakkel, J.H. (author), Klijn, F. (author)
Rivers typically flow through multiple flood-protected areas which are clearly interconnected, as risk reduction measures taken at one area, e.g. heightening dikes or building flood storage areas, affect risk elsewhere. We call these interconnections 'hydraulic interactions'. The current approach to flood risk management, however, neglects...
journal article 2019
Searched for: subject:"flood%5C+risk"
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