Searched for: subject%3A%22flume%255C%2Bexperiments%22
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van der Hagen, Joep (author)
Due to accelerating climate change, which entails more extreme storm conditions and exponential sea level rise, the protective function of our dikes and levees is under growing pressure. The presence of so-called forelands (e.g., beach, mudflat, and tidal marsh) are promising Nature-based Solutions to reduce the probability of dike failure and...
master thesis 2023
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Ma, Y. (author), Zhu, Longhuan (author), Peng, Zhong (author), Xue, Liming (author), Zhao, Wenzhen (author), Li, Tianyou (author), Lin, Shiwei (author), Bouma, T.J. (author), Hofland, Bas (author)
With the capacity to reduce wave energy and trap sediment, Scirpus mariqueter has become an important native species of annual grass for ecology restoration at the Yangtze Estuary in eastern China. Due to seasonal variances of biophysical characteristics, S. mariqueter usually bends and breaks in winter, resulting in flattened stems that may...
journal article 2023
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Franx, Marius (author)
The ramifications of plastic pollution on the environment are becoming increasingly serious in various forms throughout the world. In this context, rivers are the most important suppliers of plastics entering the marine environment. However, rivers that contain high loads of plastic waste also directly harm the livelihoods of people living near...
master thesis 2022
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Yao, Peng (author), Su, Min (author), Wang, Zhengbing (author), van Rijn, Leo C. (author), Stive, M.J.F. (author), Xu, Chunyang (author), Chen, Yongping (author)
The erosion threshold, beyond which bed sediments start to move, is a key parameter describing sediment transport processes. For silt-dominated mixtures, in which the grain size is between sand and clay, existing experimental studies exhibit contradictory observations. That is, the erosion was either sand-like or clay-like, suggesting...
journal article 2022
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Scheijmans, Jasper (author)
The Netherlands has 254 km of coastline that is covered with sandy dunes. As these dunes function as primary flood defences, intensive research has been conducted into dune erosion in recent years. This research mainly took place in laboratories, because all boundary conditions could be controlled and measurements could take place very...
master thesis 2021
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Meng, Xin (author), Zhou, Y. (author), Sun, Zhilin (author), Ding, Kaixuan (author), Chong, Lin (author)
Flow resistance, velocity distribution, and turbulence intensity are significantly influenced by aquatic vegetations (AV) in riparian zones. Understanding the hydraulics of flow with planted floodplains is of great significance for determining the velocity distribution profile and supporting the fluvial processes management. However, the...
journal article 2021
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Gijón Mancheño, A. (author), Jansen, W. (author), Uijttewaal, W.S.J. (author), Reniers, A.J.H.M. (author), van Rooijen, A. A. (author), Suzuki, T. (author), Etminan, V. (author), Winterwerp, J.C. (author)
Mangrove vegetation constitutes a natural coastal defence against waves and erosion. Despite their protective role, mangrove ecosystems have experienced continuous degradation over the last decades due to human causes. At retreating mangrove coastlines, bamboo structures are built to create new habitat for mangrove colonization. Existing...
journal article 2021
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van Os, Annemarie (author)
This experimental study is about the bed-load transport over inlet sills of longitudinal training walls. The focus is on the flow structures around the inlet: the shape, the processes and the effect on sediment transport. Groynes have been replaced by longitudinal training walls in an 11-km long pilot project to optimize training of the river...
master thesis 2020
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Salet, Jesse (author)
Recent major tsunami events generated by earthquakes inundated coastal cities and caused extreme destruction and loss of human lives. The collapse of coastal bridges due to tsunami wave impact represents a huge obstacle for rescue works. The need to understand tsunami effects and develop tsunami-resilient bridges became apparent in the aftermath...
master thesis 2019
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Çete, Ceylan (author)
It is already acknowledged that Nature-based Solutions can be used to attenuate waves, however it is still uncertain to what extent the vegetation can contribute to decreasing the flood risk. So far mainly small-scale tests have been performed to quantify wave attenuating properties of vegetation. To quantify the effect of more extreme wave...
master thesis 2019
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Chen, Hui (author), Ni, Yan (author), Li, Yulong (author), Liu, Feng (author), Ou, Suying (author), Su, Min (author), Peng, Yisheng (author), Hu, Zhan (author), Uijttewaal, W.S.J. (author), Suzuki, T. (author)
Coastal vegetation is efficient in damping incident waves even in storm events, thus providing valuable protections to coastal communities. However, large uncertainties lie in determining vegetation drag coefficients (C<sub>D</sub>), which are directly related to the wave damping capacity of a certain vegetated area. One major uncertainty is...
journal article 2018
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Haage, Samantha (author)
Due to the removal of mangrove forests, coastal zones can suffer from severe erosion. One of the proposed solutions is the construction of permeable structures. This study aims to optimise the design of permeable (brushwood) structures in order to restore the sediment balance and encourage mangrove re-establishment on tropical mud coasts....
master thesis 2018
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Rubaij Bouman, Roland (author)
The formation of scour holes is a vital thread of retaining the water infrastructure of rivers. Nowadays, protective filters are used to prevent washing away of the underlying material. Rijkswaterstaat started the program 'Stroomlijn’, in which trees (logs) are cut from the floodplains and placed in a sheltered zone of the river to test whether...
master thesis 2018
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Oudenbroek, Kevin (author)
Collapse of partially or fully submerged river bridges as a result of river floods is investigated. To this end, post-failure analysis of a bridge in Japan’s Iwate Prefecture that collapsed in 2013 is conducted. Failure of this particular bridge is atypical because piers have also toppled over, which can be attributed to the spread footing...
master thesis 2018
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van Loon, Orin (author)
This study treats the calculation of longitudinal forces on a ship in a lock chamber due to the levelling procedure. The focus will be on the force resulting from the filling jet through the levelling door in the lock, with the main point of interest being the interaction between the ship and the flow resulting from the jet. To understand more...
master thesis 2017
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Koote, Melvin (author)
Erosion and sedimentation are natural processes that occur in natural flows.<br/>If the erosion is a threat for a structure, a bed protection is necessary to stop this process. A bed protection usually consists of relatively large stones.<br/>For calculating the required dimeter of the stones several formulae are available, of which the formula...
master thesis 2017
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Zhu, Yunze (author)
As coastal wetland ecosystems, thriving at the interface between land and water,<br/>mangroves can benefit us in lots of ways: providing food and timber, purifying water and sequestrating carbon, protecting coastal area through wave attenuation and coastal stabilization. Regarding the protection of coastal area, mangroves damp the flow in short...
master thesis 2017
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Daniëls, J. (author)
An estuary forms the transition between the ocean/sea and a river. Within its boundaries salt and fresh water mix. Fresh water intake points may be located within the reach of salt intrusion. In order to justify political and managerial decisions it is thus necessary to understand and be able to predict the process of salt intrusion in estuaries...
master thesis 2016
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Orrú, C. (author)
The main objective of this project is to develop new measuring techniques for providing detailed data on sediment sorting suitable for sand-gravel laboratory experiments. Such data will be of aid in obtaining new insights on sorting mechanisms and improving prediction capabilities of morphodynamic models. Two measuring techniques have been...
doctoral thesis 2016
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Foortse, B. (author)
People all around the world live and work in low-lying areas. Low-lying areas have to be protected against high water levels in rivers and at sea by a water protection system (e.g. by dunes, dikes and barriers). Dikes are an important component within water protection systems. Generally, dikes are described as elongated naturally occurring or...
master thesis 2016
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