Searched for: subject:"grass"
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Ponsioen, Luc (author), van Damme, M. (author), Hofland, B. (author), Peeters, Patrik (author)
A high quality safety assessment of levee systems requires a good prediction of when the grass cover of levees fail. Current methods relate the onset of failure to the peak in momentum or energy of the flow, instead of the peak in momentum transfer or energy transfer to the grass cover. The critical velocity necessary in the current methods...
journal article 2019
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Ouillon, S. (author), Dibb, S. (author), Peck, David (author)
One of the points of agreement emerging from international environmental policy debates is that people’s choices, behaviors and lifestyles will play a vital role in achieving sustainable development (Biwei, 2012; Fleischmann, 2016). There is strong evidence of the importance of a working Circular Economy (CE) to address sustainability challenges...
conference paper 2017
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Le, H.T. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author), Vrijling, J.K. (author)
Grass covers have been applied as an effective measure for protecting river levees and sea dikes. We conducted experiments to show how roots considerably improve the shear strength of soil on dike slopes. Roots of 1-year-old Bermuda and Carpet grass may increase the total shear strength of up to 20 kPa. Exposed to severe overtopping flow, dike...
journal article 2016
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Van Rooijen, A.A. (author), Van Thiel de Vries, J.S.M. (author), McCall, R.T. (author), Van Dongeren, A.R. (author), Roelvink, J.A. (author), Reniers, A.J.H.M. (author)
Over the past decades the effect of vegetation (e.g. kelp, mangroves, sea grass) on nearshore coastal processes has received more and more attention. In recent years several numerical wave models have been extended to include this effect. In the current study, the numerical storm impact model XBeach was extended with formulations found in...
conference paper 2015
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Van Steeg, P. (author), Labruijere, A. (author), Mom, R. (author)
The stability of grass covered slopes on primary flood defences under wave attack is an important aspect with respect to the strength of the entire dike. In a grass slope many transitions to objects (poles, stairs, fences, buildings et cetera) or other revetments (concrete, asphalt, placed block revetment) can be present. This can potentially...
report 2015
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Trung, L.H. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author)
Little is known about the strength of the land-side slopes of the Vietnamese sea dikes under overtopping attack. Some grass-covered slopes were tested by a wave overtopping simulator. The paper describes the simulator and presents the test results. The tested grass covers could withstand overtopping rates varying from 20 l/s to 100 l/s per meter...
journal article 2014
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Hai, T.L. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author)
Many dike failures have been ignited by damage due to erosion on the landward slopes. This paper investigates how grass covered slopes perform when being attacked by overtopping flow during storm surges. Based on observations during a number of simulator tests, damage is classified into three types 'head-cut', 'roll-up' and 'collapse' depending...
conference paper 2014
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Trung, L.H. (author)
A large part of the Vietnamese population is living close to the coast. The sea is an essential source for supporting lives. Coastal flooding, on the other hand, threatens the people, land and infrastructures every year. Some hundreds years ago, the first sea dikes were built in Thai Binh and Nam Dinh provinces. In the north, the coastline is...
doctoral thesis 2014
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Trung, L.H. (author)
The study aims to establish a set of formulas estimating velocity and depth of overtopping flows at sea dikes including seaward-side slope, crest and landward-side slope. These formulas are applicable to flows which are generated by natural waves and the simulator giving associated characteristics of any arbitrary value of exceedance probability...
report 2014
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Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Hoffmans, G. (author), Van der Hoven, A. (author)
Within the framework of WTI, Research and Development of Flood Defence Assessment Tools (Wettelijk Toetsinstrumentarium), which is called in Dutch: WTI-2017 "Onderzoek en ontwikkeling landelijk toetsinstrumentarium", research was carried out to develop an erosion model for grass in the wave run-up zone consistent with the current model in use...
report 2014
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Trung, L.H. (author)
Between 2009 and 2011, some grass-covered sea dikes were tested with the Wave Overtopping Simulator in the north of Viet Nam. Slope specifications and grass species of sea and estuary dikes were quantitatively observed and investigated. This report is concerned with expressing main characteristics of four grass species on some dike slopes in the...
report 2012
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Trung, L.H. (author)
The phenomenon of wave overtopping during storms was simulated by the Wave Overtopping Simulator on a 1/15 grass covered slope. The four 'Wave Overtopping Simulator' tests were done within the framework of the Research project 'Super sea dike with high safety level and environmental friendly' funded by Viet Nam government. The main objective of...
report 2012
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Verheij, H.J. (author), Hoffmans, G. (author), Hardeman, B. (author), Paulissen, M. (author)
Destructive wave overtopping tests have been performed at more than 20 dike sections in the Netherlands using the Wave Overtopping Simulator to simulate the overtopping waves. The tests show the combined behaviour of turf and substrate up to mean wave overtopping discharges of 75 ?/s per m, meaning wave volumes up to 5,500 ?/m with flow...
conference paper 2012
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Trung, L.H. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Cat, V.M. (author)
The landware slopes of sea dikes in the north of Vietnam are steep and solely constructed by soil covered with grass due to the budget constraints and also the out-of-date design guidelines.The resistance against erosion due to wave overtopping of several grass covered slopes were tested with the Wave Overtopping Simulator to show if a slope...
conference paper 2012
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Steendam, G.J. (author), Hoffmans, G. (author), Bakker, J. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Frissel, J. (author), Paulissen, M. (author), Verheij, H.J. (author)
Overview of overtopping with focus on river dikes. Realtin with sod density.
report 2012
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Trung, L.H. (author)
Report on destructive overtopping tests executed with the wave overtopping simulator along the coast of Vietnam to investigate the strength of the inner slopes of grass dikes. This report presents measurement and observation results obtained during destructive tests with the simulator in Do Son, Thinh Long and Thai Thuy. After the first chapter,...
report 2011
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Trung, L.H. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author)
The Simulator was applied to test the resistance against wave overtopping of grass covered dike slopes in Viet Nam. Observation and measurement during destructive tests were performed to investigate the development process of damage induced by overtopping flow. Damages were likely to be initiated at transition of either geometry or materials, at...
conference paper 2011
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Trung, L.H. (author), Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Luong, N.Q. (author), Verhagen, H.J. (author), Schiereck, G.J. (author)
The resistance of various grassed slopes against wave overtopping has been appraised by means of the Wave Overtopping Simulator in situ for a couple of years in Viet Nam. Destructive test results show that a dike slope covered with grass could suffer a certain overtopping discharge not smaller than 20 l/s per m. During testing it was difficult...
conference paper 2011
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Trung, L.H. (author), Van der Meer, J.M. (author), Schiereck, G.J. (author), Cat, V.M. (author), Van der Meer, G. (author)
Sea dikes in Viet Nam have been built up during a long history. Every year, about 4 to 6 storms attack the coast and cause severe damages of the sea dikes. Till now, little is known about strength and stability of the inner slope covered with grass under impacts of wave overtopping during storm surges. Destructive tests have been performed with...
conference paper 2010
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Van der Meer, J.W. (author), Van der Meer, G. (author)
The US Wave Overtopping Simulator has to simulate overtopping discharges up to 2 cfs/s/ft for wave conditions of respectively 8 ft with a peak period of 14 s and 3 ft with a period of 6 s. This requires a Simulator which is in size about three times larger than the existing Dutch one. This report describes the theory of waves overtopping the...
report 2009
Searched for: subject:"grass"
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