Searched for: subject%3A%22human%255C+control%22
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Mecacci, Giulio (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
The urban traffic environment is characterized by the presence of a highly differentiated pool of users, including vulnerable ones. This makes vehicle automation particularly difficult to implement, as a safe coordination among those users is hard to achieve in such an open scenario. Different strategies have been proposed to address these...
journal article 2023
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Klyde, D.H. (author)
From the Wright Flyer to fly-by-wire, the phenomenon of pilot-induced oscillations (PIO) has persisted, evolving with the complexity of the airframes and their associated flight control systems. Though airframe designers have long recognized the threat posed by PIO, each generation has been forced to address the issue whether identified in...
doctoral thesis 2022
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Cavalcante Siebert, L. (author), Lupetti, M.L. (author), Aizenberg, E. (author), Beckers, N.W.M. (author), Zgonnikov, A. (author), Veluwenkamp, H.M. (author), Abbink, D.A. (author), Giaccardi, Elisa (author), Houben, G.J.P.M. (author), Jonker, C.M. (author), van den Hoven, M.J. (author), Forster, D. (author), Lagendijk, R.L. (author)
How can humans remain in control of artificial intelligence (AI)-based systems designed to perform tasks autonomously? Such systems are increasingly ubiquitous, creating benefits - but also undesirable situations where moral responsibility for their actions cannot be properly attributed to any particular person or group. The concept of...
journal article 2022
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Pool, D.M. (author), de Vries, Rick J. (author), Pel, Johan J.M. (author)
This paper investigates the potential of using a manual pursuit tracking task for quantifying loss of motor skills due to Parkinson's disease (PD), by applying human controller (HC) modeling techniques. With this approach, it is possible to obtain detailed quantitative data on motor performance in terms of control gain, response delay,...
journal article 2022
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van Aken, Daan (author)
The expected increase in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) traffic in European airspace raises concerns regarding the human factors of tower controllers. Dynamic geofences offer tower control a means to safely separate UAVs from manned traffic, without direct interactions with individual UAVs. A preliminary support interface was designed, supporting...
master thesis 2021
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Robbins, S.A. (author)
Machine Learning (ML) is reaching the peak of a hype cycle. If you can think of a personal or grand societal challenge – then ML is being proposed to solve it. For example, ML is purported to be able to assist in the current global pandemic by predicting COVID-19 outbreaks and identifying carriers (see, e.g., Ardabili et al. 2020). ML can make...
doctoral thesis 2021
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van der Waa, J.S. (author), Verdult, Sabine (author), van den Bosch, Karel (author), van Diggelen, Jurriaan (author), Haije, Tjalling (author), van der Stigchel, Birgit (author), Cocu, Ioana (author)
With the progress of Artificial Intelligence, intelligent agents are increasingly being deployed in tasks for which ethical guidelines and moral values apply. As artificial agents do not have a legal position, humans should be held accountable if actions do not comply, implying humans need to exercise control. This is often labeled as...
journal article 2021
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Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Mecacci, Giulio (author)
The notion of “responsibility gap” with artificial intelligence (AI) was originally introduced in the philosophical debate to indicate the concern that “learning automata” may make more difficult or impossible to attribute moral culpability to persons for untoward events. Building on literature in moral and legal philosophy, and ethics of...
journal article 2021
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Calvert, S.C. (author), Mecacci, Giulio (author), Heikoop, Daniel D. (author), Janssen, Robbert (author)
Vehicle cooperation, not vehicle automation, will yield the greatest benefits on road traffic. However, satisfactory human control over platoons of cooperative vehicles still has a large number of uncertainties and issues to be addressed. This paper aims to address these broader issues of control over a cooperative vehicle platoon by...
journal article 2021
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Kemna, Maarten (author)
The perception of visual information is essential in satisfactory control tracking performance. Modern interface technologies such as stereoscopic three-dimensional displays allow for a more ecological representation of three-dimensional surroundings in a remote teleoperative environment without natural binocular vision. However, the effects...
master thesis 2020
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Robbins, S.A. (author)
conference paper 2020
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Verdiesen, E.P. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Dignum, M.V. (author)
Accountability and responsibility are key concepts in the academic and societal debate on Autonomous Weapon Systems, but these notions are often used as high-level overarching constructs and are not operationalised to be useful in practice. “Meaningful Human Control” is often mentioned as a requirement for the deployment of Autonomous Weapon...
journal article 2020
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van der Waa, J.S. (author), van Diggelen, Jurriaan (author), Cavalcante Siebert, L. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Jonker, C.M. (author)
Artificially intelligent agents will deal with more morally sensitive situations as the field of AI progresses. Research efforts are made to regulate, design and build Artificial Moral Agents (AMAs) capable of making moral decisions. This research is highly multidisciplinary with each their own jargon and vision, and so far it is unclear...
conference paper 2020
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Calvert, S.C. (author), Mecacci, G. (author)
The introduction of automated vehicles means that some or all operational control over these vehicles is diverted away from a human driver to a technological system. The concept of Meaningful Human Control (MHC) was derived to address control issues over automated systems, allowing a system to explicitly consider human intentions and reasons....
journal article 2020
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Calvert, S.C. (author), Mecacci, G. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, Marjan (author)
Increased on-road testing and market availability of partially automated vehicles (AV) offers researchers and developers the opportunity to evaluate the AV’s performance. The occurrence of new types of accidents involving AV’s has sparked questions in regard to who is actually in control over and responsible for AV control. In this contribution,...
review 2020
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Mecacci, G. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author)
In this paper, in line with the general framework of value-sensitive design, we aim to operationalize the general concept of “Meaningful Human Control” (MHC) in order to pave the way for its translation into more specific design requirements. In particular, we focus on the operationalization of the first of the two conditions (Santoni de Sio...
journal article 2019
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Heikoop, D.D. (author), Hagenzieker, Marjan (author), Mecacci, G. (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), Santoni De Sio, F. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
Automated driving systems (ADS) with partial automation are currently available for the consumer. They are potentially beneficial to traffic flow, fuel consumption, and safety, but human behaviour whilst driving with ADS is poorly understood. Human behaviour is currently expected to lead to dangerous circumstances as ADS could place human...
journal article 2019
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Robbins, S.A. (author)
With Artificial Intelligence (AI) entering our lives in novel ways—both known and unknown to us—there is both the enhancement of existing ethical issues associated with AI as well as the rise of new ethical issues. There is much focus on opening up the ‘black box’ of modern machine-learning algorithms to understand the reasoning behind their...
journal article 2019
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Robbins, S.A. (author)
There is widespread agreement that there should be a principle requiring that artificial intelligence (AI) be ‘explicable’. Microsoft, Google, the World Economic Forum, the draft AI ethics guidelines for the EU commission, etc. all include a principle for AI that falls under the umbrella of ‘explicability’. Roughly, the principle states that ...
journal article 2019
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Lu, T. (author)
Manual control tasks can be found everywhere in our daily activities, and the human ability to adapt in controlling many different vehicles such as cars and airplanes make it possible for us to travel farther, faster and higher. The human adaptation ability to changes in the controlled element dynamics is indispensable for tasks requiring high...
doctoral thesis 2018
Searched for: subject%3A%22human%255C+control%22
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