Searched for: subject:"pedestrians"
(1 - 20 of 34)

Pages

document
de Clercq, G.K. (author), Dietrich, Andre (author), Nuñez Velasco, J.P. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Happee, R. (author)
Objective: In this article, we investigated the effects of external human-machine interfaces (eHMIs) on pedestrians’ crossing intentions. Background: Literature suggests that the safety (i.e., not crossing when unsafe) and efficiency (i.e., crossing when safe) of pedestrians’ interactions with automated vehicles could increase if automated...
journal article 2019
document
Duives, D.C. (author), Wang, Guangxing (author), Kim, Jiwon (author)
Currently, effective crowd management based on the information provided by crowd monitoring systems is difficult as this information comes in at the moment adverse crowd movements are already occurring. Up to this moment, very little forecasting techniques have been developed that predict crowd flows a longer time period ahead. Moreover, most...
journal article 2019
document
Ronchi, Enrico (author), Corbetta, Alessandro (author), Galea, Edwin R. (author), Kinateder, Max (author), Kuligowski, Erica (author), McGrath, Denise (author), Pel, A.J. (author), Shiban, Youssef (author), Thompson, Peter (author), Toschi, Federico (author)
This paper presents the findings of the workshop “New approaches to evacuation modelling”, which took place on the 11th of June 2017 in Lund (Sweden)within the Symposium of the International Association for Fire Safety Science (IAFSS). The workshop gathered international experts in the field of fire evacuation modelling from 19 different...
journal article 2019
document
Knoop, V.L. (author), Daganzo, Carlos F. (author)
In urban areas and especially in inner cities, pedestrians crossing the road considerably influence the road traffic flow. For political reasons, priority could be given to pedestrians. A larger number of crossings reduces the pedestrian load per crossing and facilitates both the pedestrian flow and the car flow; the ultimate case is a “cross...
journal article 2018
document
Janssen, Bas (author), Schepers, Paul (author), Farah, H. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
To create a safer environment for bicyclists and pedestrians, the usefulness of different types of kerbs as a separation between these two modes has been questioned by both researchers and practitioners. Right angled kerbs pose risks to cyclists due to their height but are assumed to separate them well from pedestrians. Sloped and levelled kerb...
journal article 2018
document
Rodríguez Palmeiro, A. (author), Van der Kint, S. (author), Vissers, Luuk (author), Farah, H. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Automated vehicles (AVs) will be introduced on public roads in the future, meaning that traditional vehicles and AVs will be sharing the urban space. There is currently little knowledge about the interaction between pedestrians and AVs from the point of view of the pedestrian in a real-life environment. Pedestrians may not know with which...
journal article 2018
document
Shelat, S. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
As the number of people working in office buildings increases, there is an urgent need to improve building services, such as lighting and temperature control, within these buildings to increase energy efficiency and well-being of occupants. A pedestrian behaviour model that simulates office occupants’ movements and locations can provide the high...
conference paper 2018
document
Nuñez Velasco, J.P. (author), Farah, H. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Automated vehicles could have many impacts on society [1]. Taking the control of vehicles from human drivers, who by their nature make mistakes, and giving it to automated vehicles (AVs), which are believed to be accurate and reliable, could, in theory, increase safety. However, how non-automated road users will react and interact with...
conference paper 2018
document
Porter, Emily (author), Hamdar, Samer H. (author), Daamen, W. (author)
This paper presents an integrated modelling framework to capture pedestrian walking behaviour in congested and uncongested conditions. The framework is built using a combination of concepts from the Social Force model (basic one-to-one interaction), behavioural heuristics (physiological and cognitive constraints), and materials science (multi...
journal article 2017
document
Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Knoop, V.L. (author), Steenbakkers, Jeroen (author), Sarvi, Majid (author)
The Macroscopic Fundamental diagram (MFD) has proven to be a powerful concept in understanding and managing vehicular network dynamics, both from a theoretical angle and from a more application-oriented perspective. In this contribution, we explore the existence and the characteristics of the pedestrian Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram (p-MFD)...
journal article 2017
document
Campanella, M.C. (author)
How to model and simulate large pedestrian facilities accurately? This dissertation answers this question by analysing current pedestrian models and expanding one. The developed model (Nomad) describes pedestrians as individuals that minimise walking efforts. The model is expanded including behaviours that correspond to activities performed in...
doctoral thesis 2016
document
Duives, D.C. (author)
To what extent can we model the movements of pedestrians who walk across a large-scale event terrain? This dissertation answers this question by analysing the operational movement dynamics of pedestrians in crowds at several large music and sport events in the Netherlands and extracting the key crowd movement phenomena. A conceptual model and an...
doctoral thesis 2016
document
Duives, D.C. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
One of the fundamental properties of pedestrian simulation models is their capability to predict the future movement dynamics of pedestrians depending on the current state of the pedestrian traffic flow, more specically the walking behaviour of neighbouring pedestrians. This paper investigates the influence of the interaction characteristics on...
conference paper 2016
document
Ranacher, P. (author), Brunauer, R. (author), Trutschnig, W (author), van der Spek, S.C. (author), Reich, S (author)
Global navigation satellite systems such as the Global Positioning System (GPS) is one of the most important sensors for movement analysis. GPS is widely used to record the trajectories of vehicles, animals and human beings. However, all GPS movement data are affected by both measurement and interpolation errors. In this article we show that...
journal article 2016
document
Liu, L. (author), Zlatanova, S. (author)
People often transport objects within indoor environments, who need enough space for the motion. In such cases, the accessibility of indoor spaces relies on the dimensions, which includes a person and her/his operated objects. This paper proposes a new approach to avoid obstacles and compute indoor paths with respect to the user dimension. The...
journal article 2015
document
Farah, H. (author), Shani, M. (author)
Road crashes are considered as one of the main threats to human life around the world. Children pedestrians are most at risk to be seriously injured in road crashes, in particular, those from economically disadvantaged communities. Various factors contribute to their high involvement in road crashes. Some of these factors are related to the...
conference paper 2015
document
Duives, D.C. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Our understanding of crowd movements has rapidly improved over the course of the last decades. This study shows that the empirical research has not kept up with the pace of the simulation studies. Based on an extensive literature review, this study proposes a conceptual model describing the movements of individuals within a crowd. The model...
conference paper 2015
document
Duives, D.C. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
Whether pedestrian movements do or do not follow similar patterns as vehicular traffic while experiencing congestion is not entirely understood. Using data gathered during bottleneck experiments under laboratory conditions, the phenomenon of anticipation before entering congestion is studied. This paper provides proof that the movement behavior...
journal article 2014
document
Yang, X. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author), Chen, Y. (author), Dong, H. (author)
Pedestrian dynamics has been being a popular research area. In this paper, breakdown probability in the bidirectional flow that includes pedestrians with heterogeneities is investigated. Reaction time appears to have the most pronounced breakdown proba- bility, followed by desired velocity and then body size. The relationship between the start...
journal article 2014
document
Johansson, F. (author), Duives, D.C. (author), Daamen, W. (author), Hoogendoorn, S.P. (author)
In force based models of pedestrian traffic, the relaxation time, ?, is related to the time it takes a pedestrian to adapt its motion to its preferences. An example of this is linear acceleration, but ? is also connected to how the agent adjusts to spatial variations in its preferred velocity, and affects evasive maneuvers. These many roles of ?...
journal article 2014
Searched for: subject:"pedestrians"
(1 - 20 of 34)

Pages