Searched for: subject%3A%22road%255C%2Bsafety%22
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Møller, Mette (author), Andersen, Sandra Krogh (author), Bonde, Nanna (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Introduction: Moped riders have a comparably high risk of getting seriously injured or killed in road traffic crashes. The moped is the first motor vehicle legally available to adolescents, but knowledge about young moped riders is limited. The few existing studies indicate that violations are a key factor in crash involvement. Method: Using...
journal article 2021
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Ladino, Andres (author), Wang, M. (author)
Lane change maneuvers are main causes of traffic turbulence at highway bottlenecks. We propose a dynamic game framework to derive the system optimum strategy for a network of cooperative vehicles interacting at a merging bottleneck. Cooperative vehicles on the highway mainline seek for optimal strategies (i.e., whether and when to perform...
book chapter 2021
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Tafidis, Pavlos (author), Farah, H. (author), Brijs, Tom (author), Pirdavani, Ali (author)
Automated vehicles (AVs) promise to improve road safety, reduce traffic congestion and emissions, and enhance mobility. However, evidence regarding their safety benefits has not been systematically investigated and documented. In this study, we utilise a scoping review approach to investigate and synthesise the existing literature on higher...
journal article 2021
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Salwan, Akshay (author), easa, said (author), Raju, Narayana (author), arkatkar, shriniwas (author)
A turbo roundabout uses spiral circulatory roads for effectively counteracting the problems faced in modern multilane roundabouts. First developed in 1996, the turbo roundabout has an advantage over the conventional roundabout regarding capacity and safety. Turbo roundabouts are still in the developing phase in North America, but even in the...
journal article 2021
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Eisma, Y.B. (author), van Bergen, Steven (author), ter Brake, Sjoerd (author), Hensen, Matthijs (author), Tempelaar, Willem Jan (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
In the future, automated cars may feature external human–machine interfaces (eHMIs) to communicate relevant information to other road users. However, it is currently unknown where on the car the eHMI should be placed. In this study, 61 participants each viewed 36 animations of cars with eHMIs on either the roof, windscreen, grill, above the...
journal article 2020
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Cavadas, Joana (author), Azevedo, Carlos Lima (author), Farah, H. (author), Ferreira, Ana (author)
Observed accidents have been the main resource for road safety analysis over the past decades. Although such reliance seems quite straightforward, the rare nature of these events has made safety difficult to assess, especially for new and innovative traffic treatments. Surrogate measures of safety have allowed to step away from traditional...
journal article 2020
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Bazilinskyy, P. (author), Eisma, Y.B. (author), Dodou, D. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
Objective: Research has shown that perceived risk is a vital variable in the understanding of road traffic safety. Having experience in a particular traffic environment can be expected to affect perceived risk. More specifically, drivers may readily recognize traffic hazards when driving in their own world region, resulting in high perceived...
journal article 2020
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Huang, B. (author), van Cranenburgh, S. (author), Chorus, C.G. (author)
Although Automated vehicles (AVs) are expected to have a major and positive effect on road safety, recent accidents caused by AVs tend to generate a powerful negative impact on the public opinion regarding safety aspects of AVs. Triggered by such incidents, many experts and policy makers now believe that paradoxically, safety perceptions may...
journal article 2020
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Jiang, Junfeng (author), Chen, Qiushi (author), Xue, J. (author), Wang, Haobo (author), Chen, Zhijun (author)
The representation and discrimination of various traffic states play an essential role in solving traffic accidents and congestion as the foundation of traffic state prediction. However, the existing representation of the traffic state usually only considers the road congestion layer and divides the traffic state into congested and unblocked....
journal article 2020
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Zheng, Huarong (author), Wu, Jun (author), Wu, Weimin (author), Negenborn, R.R. (author)
The rapidly developing computing and communication technologies improve the autonomy of individual vehicles on the one hand and facilitate the coordination among vehicles on the other. In the context of dynamic speed management, this study considers a platoon of intelligent vehicles that are required to maintain desired inter-vehicle spaces and...
journal article 2019
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Papadimitriou, E. (author), Filtness, Ashleigh (author), Theofilatos, Athanasios (author), Ziakopoulos, Apostolos (author), Quigley, Claire (author), Yannis, George (author)
The objective of this paper is the review and comparative assessment of infrastructure related crash risk factors, with the explicit purpose of ranking them based on how detrimental they are towards road safety (i.e. crash risk, frequency and severity). This analysis was carried out within the SafetyCube project, which aimed to identify and...
review 2019
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Tafidis, Pavlos (author), Pirdavani, Ali (author), Brijs, Tom (author), Farah, H. (author)
Automated vehicles (AVs) are expected to assist in decreasing road traffic fatalities, particularly among passenger cars. However, until now limited research has been conducted on how they will impact the safety of vulnerable road users (VRUs) (i.e., cyclists and pedestrians). Therefore, there is a clear need to start taking into account the...
journal article 2019
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Papadimitriou, E. (author), Argyropoulou, Anastasia (author), Tselentis, Dimitrios I. (author), Yannis, George (author)
The aim of this paper is to explore driving behaviour during mobile phone use on the basis of detailed driving analytics collected by smartphone sensors. The data came from a sample of one hundred drivers (18,850 trips) during a naturalistic driving experiment over four months. A specially developed smartphone application was used, through...
journal article 2019
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Hagenzieker, M.P. (author), van der Kint, Sander (author), Vissers, Luuk (author), van Schagen, Ingrid N.L.G. (author), de Bruin, Jonathan (author), van Gent, P. (author), Commandeur, Jacques J.F. (author)
Cyclists may have incorrect expectations of the behaviour of automated vehicles in interactions with them, which could bring extra risks in traffic. This study investigated whether expectations and behavioural intentions of cyclists when interacting with automated cars differed from those with manually driven cars. A photo experiment was...
journal article 2019
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Rodríguez Palmeiro, A. (author), van der Kint, Sander (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
In the future, cyclists will be sharing the roads with automated and traditional vehicles [1]. Interactions between cyclists and automated vehicles (AVs) may differ from interactions with traditional vehicles, because cyclists may hold incorrect expectations about how AVs will react to their presence, leading to confusing and risky situations....
conference paper 2018
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Rodríguez Palmeiro, A. (author), Van der Kint, S. (author), Vissers, Luuk (author), Farah, H. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
Automated vehicles (AVs) will be introduced on public roads in the future, meaning that traditional vehicles and AVs will be sharing the urban space. There is currently little knowledge about the interaction between pedestrians and AVs from the point of view of the pedestrian in a real-life environment. Pedestrians may not know with which...
journal article 2018
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Farah, H. (author), Azevedo, Carlos Lima (author)
The increased availability of detailed trajectory data sets from naturalistic, observational, and simulation-based studies, is a key source for potential improvements in the development of detailed safety models that explicitly account for vehicle conflict interactions and various driving maneuvers. Despite the well-recognized research...
journal article 2017
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Wegman, F.C.M. (author)
Estimates by the World Health Organization suggest that, on a yearly basis, road crashes kill 1.25 million people—nearly 3400 road fatalities per day—and injure up to 50 million. Traffic injuries are not equally spread over the world, however; some countries are hit harder than others, and the chance of being killed in a road crash depends on...
review 2017
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Houtenbos, M (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Hale, A.R. (author), Wieringa, P.A. (author), Hagenzieker, M.P. (author)
A large portion of road traffic crashes occur at intersections for the reason that drivers lack necessary visual information. This research examined the effects of an audio-visual display that provides real-time sonification and visualization of the speed and direction of another car approaching the crossroads on an intersecting road. The...
journal article 2017
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Bazilinskyy, P. (author), Beaumont, Charles (author), van der Geest, Xander (author), de Jonge, Reinier (author), van der Kroft, Koen (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
The aim of this work was to develop and empirically test different algorithms of a lane-keeping assistance system that supports drivers by means of a tone when the car is about to deviate from its lane. These auditory assistance systems were tested in a driving simulator with its screens shut down, so that the participants used auditory...
conference paper 2017
Searched for: subject%3A%22road%255C%2Bsafety%22
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