Searched for: subject%3A%22silicon%255C+photomultiplier%22
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van der Sar, S.J. (author), Brunner, Stefan (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
We investigate X-ray photon-counting scintillation detectors with silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) readout. These circumvent some drawbacks of direct-conversion detectors. We measured observed count rate (OCR) versus X-ray tube current for single-pixel detectors consisting of LYSO:Ce and YAP:Ce scintillators coupled to ultrafast SiPMs. For a 30...
journal article 2022
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van der Sar, S.J. (author), Leibold, D. (author), Brunner, Stefan E. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
We investigate fast silicon photomultiplier (SiPM)-based scintillation detectors for X-ray photon-counting applications, e.g., photon-counting computed tomography (CT). Such detectors may be an alternative to CdTe/CdZnTe (CZT) and Si detectors, which face challenges related to availability and cost-effective growth of detector-grade material,...
conference paper 2022
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Schaart, D.R. (author)
The imaging performance of clinical positron emission tomography (PET) systems has evolved impressively during the last ∼15 years. A main driver of these improvements has been the introduction of time-of-flight (TOF) detectors with high spatial resolution and detection efficiency, initially based on photomultiplier tubes, later silicon...
review 2021
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van der Sar, S.J. (author), Brunner, Stefan E. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
Purpose: The implementation of photon-counting detectors is widely expected to be the next breakthrough in X-ray computed tomography (CT) instrumentation. A small number of prototype scanners equipped with direct-conversion detectors based on room-temperature semiconductors, such as CdTe and CdZnTe (CZT), are currently installed at medical...
journal article 2021
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Borghi, G. (author), Tabacchini, V. (author), Bakker, P.J. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
Recently, a monolithic scintillator detector for time-of-flight (TOF)/depth-of-interaction (DOI) positron emission tomography (PET) was developed. It has a detector spatial resolution of ∼1.7 mm full-width-at-half-maximum (FWHM), a coincidence resolving time (CRT) of ∼215 ps FWHM, and ∼4.7 mm FWHM DOI resolution. Here, we demonstrate, for the...
journal article 2018
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Venialgo Araujo, E. (author), Lusardi, Nicola (author), Garzetti, Fabio (author), Geraci, Angelo (author), Brunner, S. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author), Charbon-Iwasaki-Charbon, E. (author)
Typically, a time-of-flight (TOF) PET block detector is built using application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs), since they integrate a high number of channels at a reasonable power consumption and into a small area. However, ASICs’ flexibility is limited and prototyping times are long because a semiconductor fabrication process is required...
journal article 2018
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Brunner, S. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
Due to detector developments in the last decade, the time-of-flight (TOF) method is now commonly used to improve the quality of positron emission tomography (PET) images. Clinical TOF-PET systems based on L(Y)SO:Ce crystals and silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) with coincidence resolving times (CRT) between 325 ps and 400 ps FWHM have recently...
journal article 2017
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Tabacchini, V. (author), Surti, Suleman (author), Borghi, G. (author), Karp, Joel S. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
We have recently built and characterized the performance of a monolithic scintillator detector based on a 32 mm × 32 mm × 22 mm LYSO:Ce crystal read out by digital silicon photomultiplier (dSiPM) arrays coupled to the crystal front and back surfaces in a dual-sided readout (DSR) configuration. The detector spatial resolution appeared to be...
journal article 2017
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Tabacchini, V. (author), Borghi, G. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
Gamma-ray detectors based on bright monolithic scintillation crystals coupled to pixelated photodetectors are currently being considered for several applications in the medical imaging field. In a typical monolithic detector, both the light intensity and the time of arrival of the earliest scintillation photons can be recorded by each of the...
journal article 2015
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Van Dam, H.T. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) is one of the key medical imaging modalities in the diagnosis and staging of e.g. cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The image formation is based on the measurement of annihilation photon pairs in the detector ring of the PET scanner. The diagnostic value of a PET image depends crucially on the image quality,...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Huizenga, J. (author), Seifert, S. (author), Schreuder, F (author), van Dam, H.T. (author), Dendooven, P (author), Lohner, H. (author), Vinke, R (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
Silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) offer high gain and fast response to light, making them interesting for fast timing applications such as time-of-flight (TOF) PET. To fully exploit the potential of these photosensors, dedicated preamplifiers that do not deteriorate the rise time and signal-to-noise ratio are crucial. Challenges include the high...
journal article 2012
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Van Dam, H.T. (author), Seifert, S. (author), Vinke, R. (author), Dendooven, P. (author), Löhner, H. (author), Beekman, F.J. (author), Schaart, D.R. (author)
The response of a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) to optical signals is inherently nonproportional due to saturation, afterpulsing, and crosstalk. Existing models of the SiPM response do not account for all of these effects, and therefore, these models are not sufficiently accurate for many applications. In this work, a comprehensive model of the...
journal article 2010
Searched for: subject%3A%22silicon%255C+photomultiplier%22
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