Searched for: subject%3A%22surface%255C+model%22
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Shan, X. (author), Steele-Dunne, S.C. (author), Hahn, Sebastian (author), Wagner, Wolfgang (author), Bonan, Bertrand (author), Albergel, Clement (author), Calvet, Jean Christophe (author), Ku, Ou (author)
ASCAT normalized backscatter (σ<sub>40</sub><sup>o</sup>) and slope (σ<sup>′</sup>) contain valuable information about soil moisture and vegetation. While σ<sub>40</sub><sup>o</sup> has been assimilated to constrain soil moisture, sometimes together with Leaf Area Index (LAI), this study is the first to assimilate σ<sup>′</sup> directly to...
journal article 2024
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Buri, Pascal (author), Fatichi, Simone (author), Shaw, Thomas E. (author), Fyffe, Catriona L. (author), Miles, Evan S. (author), McCarthy, Michael J. (author), Kneib, Marin (author), Ren, Shaoting (author), Menenti, M. (author)
Mountains are important suppliers of freshwater to downstream areas, affecting large populations in particular in High Mountain Asia (HMA). Yet, the propagation of water from HMA headwaters to downstream areas is not fully understood, as interactions in the mountain water cycle between the cryo-, hydro- and biosphere remain elusive. We review...
journal article 2024
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Shan, X. (author), Steele-Dunne, S.C. (author), Huber, M. (author), Hahn, Sebastian (author), Wagner, Wolfgang (author), Bonan, Bertrand (author), Albergel, Clement (author), Calvet, Jean-Christophe (author), Ku, Ou (author), Georgievska, Sonja (author)
A Deep Neural Network (DNN) is used to estimate the Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) C-band microwave normalized backscatter (σ40o), slope (σ′) and curvature (σ″) over France. The Interactions between Soil, Biosphere and Atmosphere (ISBA) land surface model (LSM) is used to produce land surface variables (LSVs) that are input to the DNN. The DNN...
journal article 2022
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De Lannoy, Gabriëlle J.M. (author), Bechtold, Michel (author), Albergel, Clément (author), Brocca, Luca (author), Calvet, Jean Christophe (author), Carrassi, Alberto (author), Crow, Wade T. (author), de Rosnay, Patricia (author), Steele-Dunne, S.C. (author)
The beginning of the 21<sup>st</sup> century is marked by a rapid growth of land surface satellite data and model sophistication. This offers new opportunities to estimate multiple components of the water cycle via satellite-based land data assimilation (DA) across multiple scales. By resolving more processes in land surface models and by...
review 2022
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Kenesei, Kristof (author)
This research concerned the design and implementation of a system to perform the 3D conversion of a national road network using airborne Lidar data and land-based road elevation measurements, preserving its topology and quantifying output elevation accuracy. While the system was designed with generality in mind, specific Dutch open data datasets...
master thesis 2021
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Fiorillo, Iolanda (author), Song, Y. (author), Vink, P. (author), Naddeo, Alessandro (author)
Remaining seated for extended periods increases the risk health issues and discomfort perception. Consequently, the seat-pan design is crucial and could be mainly influenced by two factors: pressure distribution and seat contour. For seat pan discomfort, the lower average pressure is accompanied by less discomfort. Moreover, a seat contour...
journal article 2021
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Yang, M. (author)
Multi-epoch Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) is widely used to estimate displacements of selected scatterers from phase observations. However, their interpretation needs a connection to objects in the real world. <br/><br/>To associate InSAR scatterers to their corresponding geo-objects, it is necessary to (i) accurately estimate...
doctoral thesis 2020
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van Oorschot, Fransje (author)
Climate models have difficulties in predicting the frequency and intensity of future droughts on regional scales, possibly caused by inadequate representation of land surface hydrological processes. Vegetation is controlling the Earth's water and energy balance by transporting water from the subsurface to the atmosphere, through its roots. The...
master thesis 2020
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Huber, Manuel (author)
In this study, deep neural networks are employed to act as a surrogate model between the Meteo France land surface model and Advanced SCATterometer (ASCAT) satellite observations. This provides a measurement operator for the assimilation of ASCAT satellite derivations into this model. Currently, TU Wien uses ASCAT measurements to retrieve soil...
master thesis 2019
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Chen, Wei (author), Fan, J. (author), Qian, Cheng (author), Pu, Bin (author), Fan, Xuejun (author), Zhang, Kouchi (author)
The inherent luminous characteristics and stability of LED packages during the operation period are highly dependent on their junction temperatures and driving currents. In this paper, the luminous flux of LED packages operated under a wide range of driving currents and junction temperatures are investigated to develop a luminous flux...
journal article 2019
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van Tiggelen, Maurice (author)
This report proposes improvements of the land surface model (LSM) used in the turbulence-resolving Dutch Atmospheric Large-Eddy Simulation model (DALES). Important changes include the infiltration of precipitation, the parametrization of the soil hydraulic functions and the formulation of the soil water extraction by vegetation roots. The...
master thesis 2018
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Stoter, Stein (author)
In this work the residual-based variational multiscale method is presented in a discontinuous Galerkin framework. This so-called ‘DG-RVMS’ strategy is developed, extensively verified, and tested on a more complex case.<br/><br/>The proposed DG-RVMS paradigm consists of three principle components. First, the perelement weak form is coupled by...
master thesis 2017
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Zhang, G. (author), van Oosterom, P.J.M. (author), Verbree, E. (author)
Visibility computed from a LiDAR point cloud offers several advantages compared to using a gridded digital height-model. With a higher resolution and detailed information, point cloud data can provide precise analysis as well as an opportunity to avoid the process of generating a surface representation or a solid model. Also a better inclusion...
conference paper 2017
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Yang, D. (author), Sun, Y (author), Di Stefano, D. (author), Turrin, M. (author), Sariyildiz, I.S. (author)
Surrogate-based Optimization is a useful approach when the objective function is computationally expensive to evaluate, compared to Simulation-based Optimization. In the surrogate-based method, analytically tractable “surrogate models” (also known as “Response Surface Models — RSMs” or “metamodels”), are constructed and validated for each...
conference paper 2016
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Wei, J.H. (author)
This thesis is part of a project that focuses on developing an optimisation framework for dynamically scaled flight testing. The optimisation framework must design the scale model and the flight test such that the performance of the scale model is representative to the full-scale aircraft. The similarity in the performances between the scale...
master thesis 2016
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Hilgersom, K.P. (author), Zijlema, Marcel (author), van de Giesen, N.C. (author)
The three-dimensional (3-D) modelling of water systems involving double-diffusive processes is challenging due to the large computation times required to solve the flow and transport of constituents. In systems that approach axisymmetry around a central location, computation times can be reduced by applying a quasi 3-D axisymmetric model setup....
journal article 2016
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Duz, B. (author), Borsboom, M.J.A. (author), Veldman, A.E.P. (author), Wellens, P.R. (author), Huijsmans, R.H.M. (author)
In this paper the attention is focused on the effect of various VOF methods on efficient and accurate simulation of free surface water waves. For this purpose, we will compare several VOF methods in numerical simulations of propagating waves where strong nonlinear behavior is dominant in the flow. Comparisons and discussions will be provided to...
conference paper 2016
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Sirmacek, B. (author), Lindenbergh, R.C. (author)
Recent technological developments help us to acquire high quality 3D measurements of our urban environment. However, these measurements, which come as point clouds or Digital Surface Models (DSM), do not directly give 3D geometrical models of buildings. In addition to that, they are not suitable for fast 3D rendering. Therefore, detection and 3D...
journal article 2015
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Tanttu, K. (author), Korkiala-Tanttu, L. (author), Häkkinen, I. (author), Liukas, J. (author)
In Finnish ground investigation methods percussion drilling has an important role as a mean to define the rock surface. Ground conditions in Finland vary a lot, however, it is quite common that the soil layers are relatively thin and the rock surface lies in around 3...5 meters depth. Besides that the rock is usually very hard, so it has to be...
conference paper 2015
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Duz, B. (author)
The PhD study focused on two topics. The first topic was energy dissipation in wave propagation. The wave dissipation can be caused by physical and/or numerical phenomena, such as the free surface treatment, physical viscosity and artificial viscosity due to discretization of the momentum equations. Among these the free surface treatment is an...
doctoral thesis 2015
Searched for: subject%3A%22surface%255C+model%22
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