Searched for: subject:"wave%5C+impact"
(1 - 20 of 43)

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Pappas, Athanasios (author), D'Ayala, Dina (author), Dassanayake, Darshana T. (author), Antonini, A. (author), Raby, Alison (author)
This study describes the structural response of historic lighthouses to extreme wave impacts. Located offshore on exposed rocks, 19th Century lighthouses were built with large interlocked granite blocks and have survived weathering for nearly two centuries. Under extreme wave impacts, lighthouses of this structural typology may uplift and...
journal article 2021
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van Zanten, Renée (author)
Waves impacting on maritime structures can cause damage which endangers the environment around these structures. Due to high hydrodynamic loading, structures can enter the plastic regime, resulting possibly in structural failure. The understanding of the principles related to this structural failure due to waves is a key concept in this research...
master thesis 2020
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van den Nieuwenhuijzen, Niek (author)
On board of High Speed marine Craft (HSC), the crew and the passengers are exposed to high levels of Whole Body Vibrations (WBV) and large magnitude Repeated mechanical Shocks (RS) caused by the motions of the craft. The HSCs are typically 10 meters long, capable of reaching a maximum speed up to 50 knots and widely used by various maritime...
master thesis 2020
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Been, S.K. (author)
Hydraulic structures can be prone to impulsive wave impact, which is a highly stochastic and uncertain process. This type of impact, defined by extreme pressure peaks and a very short duration, is not only caused by breaking waves, but also by non-breaking standing waves on structures with an overhang, such as culverts and steel gates. In this...
master thesis 2020
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Costas Brea, Juan José (author)
Wave impact tests are performed in the LNG industry to design the structure of the cargo containment system (CCS) of the vessels and to study the physics of breaking wave impacts. The state-of-the-art methodology divides the wave impact flow into two parts: the global flow and the local flow. The global flow considered as the solution of the...
master thesis 2020
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de Almeida Sousa, E. (author), Hofland, B. (author)
The applicability of pressure-impulse theory is evaluated for predicting wave impact loading magnitudes for non-breaking standing wave impacts on vertical hydraulic structures with relatively short overhangs. To this end, tests were carried out on a schematized but realistic configuration with low steepness regular wave impacts on a straight...
journal article 2020
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de Almeida Sousa, E. (author), Hofland, B. (author)
This study focusses on increasing the understanding on vertical hydraulic structures with relatively short overhangs subjected to standing wave impacts. To this end, the impact velocity and the entrapped air are studied in detail, given their influence on the impulsive loading characteristics and consequently on the structural dynamic response....
journal article 2020
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Gruwez, Vincent (author), Altomare, Corrado (author), Suzuki, T. (author), Streicher, Maximilian (author), Cappietti, Lorenzo (author), Kortenhaus, Andreas (author), Troch, Peter (author)
Three open source wave models are applied in 2DV to reproduce a large-scale wave flume experiment of bichromatic wave transformations over a steep-sloped dike with a mildly-sloped and very shallow foreshore: (i) the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations solver interFoam of OpenFOAM® (OF), (ii) the weakly compressible smoothed particle...
journal article 2020
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Gruwez, Vincent (author), Altomare, Corrado (author), Suzuki, T. (author), Streicher, Maximilian (author), Cappietti, Lorenzo (author), Kortenhaus, Andreas (author), Troch, Peter (author)
In this paper, a Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations solver, interFoam of OpenFOAM®, is validated for wave interactions with a dike, including a promenade and vertical wall, on a shallow foreshore. Such a coastal defence system is comprised of both an impermeable dike and a beach in front of it, forming the shallow foreshore...
journal article 2020
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van Meerkerk, M. (author), Poelma, C. (author), Hofland, B. (author), Westerweel, J. (author)
We present an experimental study on the variation in wave impact location and present a mechanism for the development of free surface instabilities on the wave crest for repeatable plunging wave impacts on a vertical wall. The existence of free surface instabilities on an impacting wave is well known, but their characteristics and formation...
journal article 2020
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Vieira Passos, Marlon (author)
Coastal structures with horizontal overhangs are built due to design constraints, but wave loadings substantially increase under these confined geometries. Vertical structure elements, such as steel gates, are vulnerable to damage caused by impulsive wave impacts, potentially exposing the coastal zone to flooding and erosion. Existing formulas...
master thesis 2019
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Sigalas, Nikos (author)
In the present study the stability of crown wall elements on top of a rubble mound breakwaters is investigated. The first step was conducting a literature review, in order to identify knowledge gaps. It was found that current design methods do not take the freeboard of the crown wall into account when calculating the vertical force acting on it....
master thesis 2019
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Nonhebel, Jochem (author)
Natural gas accounts for just under a quarter of global energy demand. The gas is mainly delivered through pipelines, but is increasingly shipped overseas by liquefying it to LNG at -162 degrees Celcius. Fluids, containing free surfaces inside ships are likely to start sloshing, as ships move on waves. These fluids induce impact loading on the...
master thesis 2019
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Ponsioen, Luc (author), van Damme, M. (author), Hofland, B. (author), Peeters, Patrik (author)
A high quality safety assessment of levee systems requires a good prediction of when the grass cover of levees fail. Current methods relate the onset of failure to the peak in momentum or energy of the flow, instead of the peak in momentum transfer or energy transfer to the grass cover. The critical velocity necessary in the current methods...
journal article 2019
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Tieleman, O.C. (author), Tsouvalas, A. (author), Hofland, B. (author), Peng, Y. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
A model is developed to predict bending vibrations of flood gates with fluid on both sides. The liquid flow is three-dimensional and the gate is represented as a thin plate. The fluid response is considered within the linear potential flow theory including the effect of compressibility and the generation of free surface waves. This way, the...
journal article 2019
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de Almeida Sousa, E. (author), Hofland, B. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)
The study of wave impact physics and magnitudes are key for the design of vertical coastal hydraulic structures. This research addresses the study of standing wave impacts on vertical coastal hydraulic structures with a relatively short horizontal overhang, which is especially relevant for structures such as lock gates, sluice gates, dewatering...
conference paper 2019
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Hofland, B. (author), Passos, Marlon (author), de Almeida Sousa, E. (author)
Flood gates in storm surge barriers or outlet sluices can be prone to violent wave impacts. When an obstruction is present at the sea side above the gate, confinement of the incoming waves can lead to impulsive wave loads, even when the waves are non-breaking. The large loads can increase the stresses in the gate and structure considerably. One...
conference paper 2019
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Chen, X. (author), Hofland, B. (author), Molenaar, W.F. (author), Capel, Alex (author), Van Gent, Marcel R.A. (author)
This paper describes a method of determining the reaction forces of a vertical structure with an overhang to impulsive wave impacts. The aim is to develop a method to design a hydraulic structure exposed to the impulsive wave impact. At present, there is a lack of guidelines on the designing and verification with such a purpose. The impulse...
journal article 2019
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van der Eijk, Martin (author)
A substantial part of structural damage for conventional vessels is caused by complex free surface events like slamming, breaking waves and green water. These events lead to the interaction of air and water where air can be entrained in water. The resulting air bubbles can considerably affect the evolution of the pressure caused by hydrodynamic...
master thesis 2018
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Marinov, Krasimir (author)
Low-lying countries such as Belgium and the Netherlands are naturally susceptible to overtopping wave attacks. Coastal regions are therefore facing the threat of such events causing damage to dike-positioned structures and buildings. Research in this filed is often conducted using scaled-down 2D hydraulic physical models, which introduces so...
master thesis 2017
Searched for: subject:"wave%5C+impact"
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