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Blok, K. (author), van Velzen, Leonore (author)

Cost-optimal electricity system configurations with increasing renewable energy penetration were determined in this article for six islands of different geographies, sizes and contexts, utilizing photovoltaic energy, wind energy, pumped hydro storage and battery storage. The results of the optimizations showed strong reasoning for islands to...

journal article 2018
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Thota Radhakrishnan, A.K. (author), van Lier, J.B. (author), Clemens, F.H.L.R. (author)

The much over-looked element in new sanitation, the transport systems which bridge the source and treatment facilities, is the focus of this study. The knowledge of rheological properties of concentrated domestic slurry is essential for the design of the waste collection and transport systems. To investigate these properties, samples were...

journal article 2018
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Wilding, D. (author)
The goal of this thesis, called Physical and Computational Approaches to Aberration Correction In Fluorescence Microscopy, concerns itself with the development of new techniques to control adaptive fluorescence microscopes, so that they can adapt and image with increased resolution, contrast and speed inside complex three-dimensional biological...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Newcamp, Jeffrey (author)
The purpose of this work is as follows. Military aircraft are enormous investments for a nation. The systems lifecycle for aircraft spans decades wherein aging effects increase maintenance and operations costs over time. At some point, the deterioration of a fleet of aircraft erodes the capability of those assets below an acceptable threshold,...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Chimot, J.J. (author)
The main objective of this thesis is to design a new aerosol layer height retrieval in order to improve the operational NO2 retrieval, both in the troposphere, from space-borne instruments for highly polluted events and under cloud-free conditions. This thesis focuses on the exploitation of the OMI satellite measurements acquired in the visible...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Perez Rodriguez, P. (author)
The current energy scenario requires not only the conversion of renewable energy sources into electrical energy, but also a way to store it to match the demand and supply. In particular, solar energy can be used to stabilize energy conversion and energy supply by converting the energy in other diverse ways. And important possibility are photo...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Wang, Y. (author), Kapteijn, F. (author), Makkee, M. (author)

In this study, the role of the noble metals Pt and Rh (0.5 wt.%) for the selective reduction of NO into N2 is evaluated by the transient TAP technique and in-situ spectroscopy using a commercial stable ceria support (denoted as CZ) and applying isotopically labelled 15NO and 18O2. The transient...

journal article 2018
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Mirzaei, B. (author)
Quantum cascade laser (QCL) technology has made a breakthrough in THz radiation sources, opening a new window into variety of applications. QCLs are compact, low-consumption and narrow linewidth lasers with relatively high output powers, capable to emit radiation across the whole super-THz (2-6 THz) range. These are all demanded for spectroscopy...
doctoral thesis 2018
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Vuik, V. (author), van Vuren, S. (author), Borsje, Bas W. (author), van Wesenbeeck, B.K. (author), Jonkman, Sebastiaan N. (author)

Vegetated foreshores adjacent to engineered structures (so-called hybrid flood defenses), are considered to have high potential in reducing flood risk, even in the face of sea level rise and increasing storminess. However, foreshores such as salt marshes and mangrove forests are generally characterized by relatively strong temporal and...

journal article 2018
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Wang, W. (author), Rans, C.D. (author), Benedictus, R. (author)

Mechanically fastened joints are susceptible to the presence of multiple-site damage (MSD) cracks in the critical fastener row. Different from the MSD growth in joints consisting of metallic substrates, the two coupled metal crack growth and interfacial delamination propagation failure mechanisms in Fibre Metal Laminates (FMLs) make the...

journal article 2018
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Bloemendal, J.M. (author), Olsthoorn, T.N. (author)

Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) is a technology with worldwide potential to provide sustainable space heating and cooling using groundwater stored at different temperatures. In areas with high ambient groundwater flow velocity (>25 m/y) thermal energy losses by displacement of groundwater may be prevented by application of multiple...

journal article 2018
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Ditmar, P.G. (author), Tangdamrongsub, N. (author), Ran, J. (author), Klees, R. (author)

We propose a technique to regularize a GRACE-based mass-anomaly time-series in order to (i) quantify the Standard Deviation (SD) of random noise in the data, and (ii) reduce the level of that noise. The proposed regularization functional minimizes the Month-to-month Year-to-year Double Differences (MYDD) of mass anomalies. As such, it does...

journal article 2018
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Saini, Vimal (author), von Tapavicza, Max (author), Eloo, Christina (author), Braesch, Katrin (author), Wack, Holger (author), Nellesen, Anke (author), Schmidt, Annette M. (author), Garcia Espallargas, Santiago J. (author)

Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) are well known for their ability to absorb and hold high water amounts accompanied by a high volume expansion. In this work we show the benefits of this underlying property of SAPs to induce underwater crack closure with subsequent barrier restoration in damaged protective coatings. For the proof of concept,...

journal article 2018
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Tifkitsis, K. I. (author), Mesogitis, T. S. (author), Struzziero, G. (author), Skordos, A. A. (author)

A stochastic multi-objective cure optimisation methodology is developed in this work and applied to the case of thick epoxy/carbon fibre laminates. The methodology takes into account the uncertainty in process parameters and boundary conditions and minimises the mean values and standard deviations of cure time and temperature overshoot....

journal article 2018
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Jaxa-Rozen, M. (author), Kwakkel, J.H. (author)

Complex environmental models typically require global sensitivity analysis (GSA) to account for non-linearities and parametric interactions. However, variance-based GSA is highly computationally expensive. While different screening methods can estimate GSA results, these techniques typically impose restrictions on sampling methods and input...

journal article 2018
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van Duin, Ron (author), Geerlings, Harry (author), Verbraeck, A. (author), Nafde, Tushar (author)
The increase in population, high standards of living and rapid urbanization has led to an increasing demand for food across the globe. The global trade has made it possible to meet this demand by enabling transport of different food products from one part of the world to another. In this trade, refrigerated containers (reefers) play an important...
journal article 2018
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Wang, Haoyu (author), Markine, V.L. (author)

Transition zones in railway tracks are the locations with considerable variation in the vertical stiffness of supporting structures. Typically, they are located near engineering structures, such as bridges, culverts, tunnels and level crossings. In such locations, the variation of the vertical stiffness and the differential track settlement...

journal article 2018
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Esteban, Miguel (author), Portugal-Pereira, Joana (author), Mclellan, Benjamin C. (author), Bricker, J.D. (author), Farzaneh, Hooman (author), Djalilova, Nigora (author), Ishihara, Keiichi N. (author), Takagi, Hiroshi (author), Roeber, Volker (author)

In the aftermath of the Paris Agreements, many countries around the globe have pledged to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions being released into the atmosphere. To do so, it is important that the amount of renewable energy in the electricity grid increases. However, there are worries of the capacity of the grid to cope with...

journal article 2018
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Turteltaub, S.R. (author), van Hoorn, Niels (author), Westbroek, Wim (author), Hirsch, C.W. (author)

A multiscale framework for the analysis of fracture is developed in order to determine the effective (homogenized) strength and fracture energy of a composite material based on the constituent's material properties and microstructural arrangement. The method is able to deal with general (mixed-mode) applied strains without a priori knowledge...

journal article 2018
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Kleptsova, O.S. (author), Pietrzak, J.D. (author)

Ice induced variability of tides in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, including Baffin Bay and Hudson Strait/Hudson Bay system, was studied by means of a new high resolution tidal model. Here we show that the seasonal variations of the tidal constants are significant in the major part of the domain. Month to month changes of the tidal phases...

journal article 2018
Collection: research
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