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Caltran, I. (author)
Natural organic matter (NOM) in drinking water sources causes several problems in water consumption and distribution, and decreases the efficiency of water treatment steps. Ion exchange (IEX) with anion resin can be used to remove NOM in combination with or as an alternative to other techniques, such as coagulation and activated carbon. IEX...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Pan, W. (author)
Indoor arenas are important public buildings catering for various activities (e.g., sports events, stage performances, assemblies, exhibitions, and daily sports for the public) and serving as landmarks in urban contexts. The multi-functional space and long-span roof structure of an indoor arena are highly interrelated, which impact the multi...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Kim, Jaehun (author)
Machine learning (ML) has become a core technology for many real-world applications. Modern ML models are applied to unprecedentedly complex and difficult challenges, including very large and subjective problems. For instance, applications towards multimedia understanding have been advanced substantially. Here, it is already prevalent that...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Prasse, B. (author)
The field of epidemiology encompasses a broad class of spreading phenomena, ranging from the seasonal influenza and the dissemination of fake news on online social media to the spread of neural activity over a synaptic network. The propagation of viruses, fake news and neural activity relies on the contact between individuals, social media...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Krietemeyer, A. (author)
Whether in cars, smartphones, watches or fitness-trackers - the use of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) has become a part of our daily life. Currently there are more than 100 GNSS satellites in orbit. They are routinely utilized for positioning and timing purposes, but their signals can also be used to monitor our environment. The...
doctoral thesis 2021
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de Martino, P. (author)
Numerous actors have been involved in the planning of the port and city of Naples. National and local authorities—namely central government, the Region, the Municipality of Naples, and the Port Authority—act upon the port at different scales, according to diverging interest and by using different planning tools. Each entity has different spatial...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Engler Faleiros, D. (author)
Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) relies upon the introduction of particle tracers that scatter sufficient light and follow the flow accurately. The use of submillimetre helium-filled soap bubbles (HFSB) as flow tracers for PIV is investigated for the purpose of enabling velocity measurements in large-scale industrial wind tunnels. That soap...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Metz, I.C. (author)
Bird strike prevention in civil aviation has traditionally focused on the airport perimeter. Since the risk of especially damaging bird strikes outside the airport boundaries is rising, this PhD thesis researches the safety potential of operational bird strike prevention involving pilots and controllers. In such a concept, controllers would be...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Peris, A.F.T. (author)
Cities never function in isolation but as nodes in overarching systems characterised by flows of goods, people, and information. To fully understand the evolution of cities, a relational approach is needed, which investigates cities in relation to other cities and urban regions. While a significant part of urban system research has focused on...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Soares Rodrigues, C.I. (author)
In recent decades, there has been an increase demand for renewable sources of energy and chemicals in replacement of their fossil-based counterparts to tackle the economic, social, and environmental issues associated with the processing and use of petrochemicals by humanity. Sucrose has proven to be a suitable alternative feedstock to substitute...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Roël-Looijenga, A. (author)
This thesis is searching for ways to engage all pupils in class in an ongoing way during primary Design & Technology lessons, so that all pupils are able to profit from the lessons. The aim of Design & Technology education is that pupils acquire knowledge, skills and attitudes related to technology as they encounter it in daily life and...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Zhang, Yu (author), Dwight, R.P. (author), Schmelzer, M. (author), Gómez, Javier F. (author), Han, Zhong hua (author), Hickel, S. (author)
Multi-fidelity optimization methods promise a high-fidelity optimum at a cost only slightly greater than a low-fidelity optimization. This promise is seldom achieved in practice, due to the requirement that low- and high-fidelity models correlate well. In this article, we propose an efficient bi-fidelity shape optimization method for...
journal article 2021
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Fahd, Faisal (author), Yang, M. (author), Khan, Faisal (author), Veitch, Brian (author)
This paper investigates the linkage between the acute impacts on apex marine mammals with polar cod responses to an oil spill. It proposes a Bayesian network-based model to link these direct and indirect effects on the apex marine mammals. The model predicts a recruitment collapse (for the scenarios considered), causing a higher risk of...
journal article 2021
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Gonzalez Acosta, J.L. (author), Vardon, P.J. (author), Hicks, M.A. (author)
Mesh based methods such as the finite element method (FEM) are the most usually used techniques for analysing soil-structure interaction problems in geotechnical engineering. Nevertheless, standard FEM is unable to simulate large deformations and contact, hindering the realistic simulation of rotational, sliding, pull-out and overturning...
journal article 2021
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Mohammadi, Majid (author), Mousavi, S. Hamid (author), Effati, Sohrab (author)
With the advancement in information technology, datasets with an enormous amount of data are available. The classification task on these datasets is more time- and memory-consuming as the number of data increases. The support vector machine (SVM), which is arguably the most popular classification technique, has disappointing performance in...
journal article 2021
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Guo, X. (author)
Rare earth elements (REEs) are a group of 17 metallic elements, including 15 lanthanides, scandium and yttrium, which have remarkably similar chemical and physical properties. Nowadays, rare earth metals are widely used in such fields as electronics, petroleum, and metallurgy. Rare earth elements are considered as vitamin to modern industry and...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Bruynseels, K.R.C. (author)
Innovations in biotechnology increasingly shape our societies and our planet. The stream of innovations that could be witnessed in the past few decades opens up new ways to do agriculture, to provide healthcare and to produce compounds and materials, amongst many other things. Many of these innovations rely on biological data. The ability to...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Qi, Y. (author)
The energy-saving renovation of an existing building is a critical strategy in achieving a longterm energy goal in the Chinese context. However, in China, building energy renovation projects are subjected to quality failures resulting in energy wastage, a decrease in the energy efficiency of the project, an increase in project cost, and thus...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Gilvari, H. (author)
Presently, biomass pellets play a significant role in energy transition scenarios worldwide. Due to the lack of local supplies, many countries import their pellets from countries with enormous resources. For instance, in Europe, a big share of pellets is imported from the USA, Canada, and Asian countries. Pellets are normally transferred in bulk...
doctoral thesis 2021
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Taskin, U. (author)
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer for women and in developed countries it forms one of their largest threats. Many studies have shown that early detection by screening is important for achieving a successful treatment and reducing the mortality rate. Nowadaysmammography is the gold standard for breast cancer screening. However,...
doctoral thesis 2021
Collection: research
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