Collection: research
(81 - 100 of 115,529)

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Ding, Er (author), Zhang, D. (author), Hamida, A.B. (author), Garcia Sanchez, C. (author), Jonker, Lotte (author), de Boer, Annemarijn R. (author), Bruijning, Patricia C.J.L. (author), Linde, Kimberly J. (author), Wouters, Inge M. (author), Bluyssen, P.M. (author)
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of ventilation was widely stressed and new protocols of ventilation were implemented in school buildings worldwide. In the Netherlands, schools were recommended to keep the windows and doors open, and after a national lockdown more stringent measures such as reduction of occupancy were introduced. In...
journal article 2023
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Ren, S. (author), Liu, X. (author), Gao, Y. (author), Jing, R. (author), Lin, P. (author), Erkens, S. (author), Wang, H. (author)
This study aims to multiscale investigate the effects of rejuvenator type, temperature, and aging degree of bitumen on the diffusion behaviors of rejuvenators (bio-oil BO, engine-oil EO, naphthenic-oil NO, and aromatic-oil AO) in aged binders. The molecular dynamics (MD) simulation method is performed to detect the molecular-level diffusion...
journal article 2023
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Cardoso, Rafaela (author), Ramon-Tarragona, Anna (author), Lourenço, Sérgio (author), Mendes, João (author), Caruso, Marco (author), Jommi, C. (author)
Monitoring structural behavior of earth structures during construction and in service is a common practice done for safety reasons, consolidation control and maintenance needs. Several are the techniques available for measuring displacements, water pressures and total stresses, not only in these geotechnical structures but also at their...
book chapter 2023
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Li, Meng (author), Chen, Yifei (author), Lal, C. (author), Conti, M. (author), Alazab, Mamoun (author), Hu, Donghui (author)
Vehicular Digital Forensics (VDF) is essential to enable liability cognizance of accidents and fight against crimes. Ensuring the authority to timely gather, analyze, and trace data promotes vehicular investigations. However, adversaries crave the identity of the data provider/user, damage the evidence, violate evidence jurisdiction, and leak...
journal article 2023
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Kübler, Johanne (author), Sekwenz, M.T. (author), Rachinger, Felicitas (author), König, Anna (author), Gsenger, Rita (author), Pirkova, Eliska (author), Kettemann, Matthias C. (author), Wagner, Ben (author), Krennerich, Michael (author), Ferro, Carolina (author)
Safeguarding democratic elections is hard. Social media plays a vital role in the discourse around elections and during electoral campaigns. The following article provides an analysis of the ‘systemic electoral risks’ created by Twitter and Facebook and the mitigation strategies employed by the platforms. It is based on the 2020 proposal by the...
conference paper 2023
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Ofe, H.A. (author), de Reuver, G.A. (author), Janssen, M.F.W.H.A. (author), Nederstigt, Bouke (author)
Managers increasingly seek ways to explore insights from data for business improvements and innovation. Data Analytics (DA) platforms hold promise for businesses, especially small businesses that cannot afford tailor-made proprietary analytics services. DA platforms offer generic analytics features to a pool of businesses, saving costs and...
conference paper 2023
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Machado Lima de Camargo, C. (author), Riva, R.E.M. (author), Hermans, T.H.J. (author), Schütt, Eike M. (author), Marcos, Marta (author), Hernandez-Carrasco, Ismael (author), Slangen, Aimée B.A. (author)
Attribution of sea-level change to its different drivers is typically done using a sea-level budget approach. While the global mean sea-level budget is considered closed, closing the budget on a finer spatial scale is more complicated due to, for instance, limitations in our observational system and the spatial processes contributing to regional...
journal article 2023
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Mathiesen, Frederik Baymler (author), Calvert, S.C. (author), Laurenti, L. (author)
Providing non-trivial certificates of safety for non-linear stochastic systems is an important open problem. One promising solution to address this problem is the use of barrier functions. Barrier functions are functions whose composition with the system forms a Martingale and enable the computation of the probability that the system stays...
journal article 2023
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Norouzi, F. (author), Hoppe, T. (author), Kamp, L.M. (author), Manktelow, C. (author), Bauer, P. (author)
With its potentially disruptive nature, the smart grid can be viewed from both a transformational and an innovation systems perspective. Synthesising these, a research approach is adopted in which a Technological Innovation System (TIS) analysis is combined with a transformational perspective to identify a broader range of success and failure...
review 2023
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Spinosa, A. (author), Fuentes-Monjaraz, Mario A. (author), El Serafy, G.Y.H. (author)
The conservation, restoration and sustainable use of wetlands is the target of several international agreements, among which are the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Earth Observation (EO) technologies can assist national authorities in monitoring activities and the environmental status of wetlands to achieve these targets. In this study,...
journal article 2023
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Mohamed, Ahmed (author), Abdelrady, Ahmed (author), Alarifi, Saad S. (author), Othman, Abdullah (author)
Because of climate change and human activity, North and Central Africa are experiencing a significant water shortage. Recent advancements in earth observation technologies have made widespread groundwater monitoring possible. To examine spatial and temporal mass fluctuations caused by groundwater variations in Chad, gravity solutions from the...
journal article 2023
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Yang, G. (author), Gram, Remon (author), Procel Moya, P.A. (author), Han, C. (author), Yao, Z. (author), Singh, M. (author), Zhao, Y. (author), Mazzarella, L. (author), Zeman, M. (author), Isabella, O. (author)
Passivating contacts based on poly-Si have enabled record-high c-Si solar cell efficiencies due to their excellent surface passivation quality and carrier selectivity. The eventual existence of pinholes within the ultra-thin SiOx layer is one of the key factors for carrier collection, beside the tunneling mechanism. However, pinholes are usually...
journal article 2023
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Guillou, Nicolas (author), Lavidas, G. (author), Kamranzad, Bahareh (author)
Refined numerical wave energy resource assessments are required to reduce uncertainties in the evaluation of available power and energy production. However, to restrict the computational cost, a great part of wave hindcast simulations cover a limited time range (below ten years) or rely on coarse spatial resolutions while routinely ignoring tide...
journal article 2023
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Mendoza Lugo, M.A. (author), Morales Napoles, O. (author), Paprotny, D. (author), Koot, P.J.P. (author), Ragno, E. (author)
In this paper we discuss PyBanshee, which is a Python-based open-source implementation of the MATLAB toolbox BANSHEE. PyBanshee constitutes the first fully open-source package to quantify, visualize and validate Non-Parametric Bayesian Networks (NPBNs). The architecture of PyBanshee is heavily based on its MATLAB predecessor. It presents the...
journal article 2023
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Zhou, H. (author), Dorsman, J.L. (author), Mandjes, M. (author), Snelder, M. (author)
Nowadays, many cities are intending to reduce the use of private vehicles. Governments are incorporating new mobility services and are adapting their parking policies to promote a more sustainable mobility, as both strategies are believed to have the potential to reduce private vehicle use. To understand the effects of these strategies, one...
journal article 2023
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Oosthoek, K. (author), van Staalduinen, Mark (author), Smaragdakis, G. (author)
The Dark Web, primarily Tor, has evolved to protect user privacy and freedom of speech through anonymous routing. However, Tor also facilitates cybercriminal actors who utilize it for illicit activities. Quantifying the size and nature of such activity is challenging, as Tor complicates indexing by design. This paper proposes a methodology to...
journal article 2023
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Dekhovich, A. (author), Tax, D.M.J. (author), Sluiter, M.H.F. (author), Bessa, M.A. (author)
The human brain is capable of learning tasks sequentially mostly without forgetting. However, deep neural networks (DNNs) suffer from catastrophic forgetting when learning one task after another. We address this challenge considering a class-incremental learning scenario where the DNN sees test data without knowing the task from which this...
journal article 2023
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Li, L. (author), Martinez, Jorge (author), Hendriks, R.C. (author)
Estimation of the acoustic-scene related parameters such as relative transfer functions (RTFs) from source to microphones, source power spectral densities (PSDs) and PSDs of the late reverberation is essential and also challenging. Existing maximum likelihood estimators typically consider only subsets of these parameters and use each time frame...
journal article 2023
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Seeber, Franziska (author), Sarnaghi, Ani Khaloian (author), Rais, Andreas (author), van de Kuilen, J.W.G. (author)
Mechanical properties of wood such as stiffness and strength vary locally especially due to heterogeneities and anisotropy. Analytical models and numerical simulations of wooden boards are able to represent varying material orientation e.g. with local fiber directions from laser scanning as input for the prediction of strength. Current Finite...
journal article 2023
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Hamida, A.B. (author), Eijkelenboom, A.M. (author), Bluyssen, P.M. (author)
Research has shown that students differ in their preferences of indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and psychosocial aspects of their study places. Since previous studies have mainly focused on identifying these preferences rather than investigating the different profiles of students, this study aimed at profiling students based on their IEQ and...
journal article 2023
Collection: research
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