The growing need for strengthening of concrete structures to improve their structural performance challenges structural engineers to come up with strengthening techniques that is most suitable and effective for a structural system in its deteriorated state. Although there are qui
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The growing need for strengthening of concrete structures to improve their structural performance challenges structural engineers to come up with strengthening techniques that is most suitable and effective for a structural system in its deteriorated state. Although there are quite a few techniques in practice for strengthening of concrete structures -reinforced or prestressed, various factors limit their efficiency and performance. Use of novel concrete-based materials such as Ultra High Performance Fibre Reinforced Composite (UHPFRC) can lead to an effective strengthening system due to the exceptional material properties of UHPFRC. In particular, the strain hardening behavior of UHPFRC in tension and its excellent durability. Out of the two main mechanisms of failure in concrete elements namely flexure failure and shear failure, shear failure is the most critical due to the abrupt nature of its mechanisms that leads to complete collapse of the structures with no sign of warning. This makes shear strengthening of prestressed concrete structures, that typically form the supporting elements in large infrastructural units such as bridges, a very essential course of action. To investigate the effectiveness of using UHPFRC in shear strengthening of prestressed concrete elements, the post-tensioned T girders of Helperzoom bridge, Groningen, Netherlands are chosen as reference beams which are strengthened with UHPFRC. The reference beams are subjected to a 3-point bending test to determine their failure mechanism and structural capacity. The reference beam is modelled, and tests are simulated by finite element analysis using ATENA. Since the simulated beam failure in shear compression rather than shear tension by localization of the shear tension crack. In order to understand this behavior and the failure mechanism and to check if the results from the simulations are reasonable, a detailed analysis is performed. The influence of shear reinforcement and prestressing, active in the critical shear region, on the shear capacity and the final failure mode are investigated. The results from the numerical analysis are compared to the results from experimental shear tests performed on existing post-tensioned girders which exhibit a similar mode of failure as observed in the reference T beams. The shear capacity of the reference T beam is also calculated from the Flexural Shear Crack Model proposed by Huber et.al and it is seen that the shear capacity from the numerical analysis from ATENA is in close match to that obtained from the analytical model. The contribution of the arching effect to the shear capacity calculated from the model is between 77% and 87% for the beams tested in this research and the contribution is between 28% and 58% in the beams tested in the experiment. In the last step, the effectiveness of strengthening the reference beam with UHPFRC is determined. The results show that the effect of strengthening with UHPFRC is maximum in the reference beam without stirrups and prestressing both in terms of shear capacity and ductility.