Hanging models play an important role in shaping a structure since a very early age, and were favored by A. Gaudi, H. Isler, F. Otto and other architects or engineers. Nowadays, with the development of numerical analysis theory and computer technique, it is more accurate and conv
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Hanging models play an important role in shaping a structure since a very early age, and were favored by A. Gaudi, H. Isler, F. Otto and other architects or engineers. Nowadays, with the development of numerical analysis theory and computer technique, it is more accurate and convenient to simulate these physical models via numerical means. Based on the background, this paper presents a numerical form-finding method of gridshell structures generated from hanging-chain models by using Dynamic Relaxation method and the NURBS technique, which aims to obtain more complex structural forms with multiple control points.
This method uses global NURBS surface interpolation to describe the initial cable-net model passing through the given target points, which serve as the fitting points of the NURBS surface. The cable elements of the cable-net are not allowed to elongate after form-finding, and clearly, this kind of cable-nets belongs to geometrically unstable system, whose form-finding process of it has a very strong nonlinearity. To solve this problem, it uses the Dynamic Relaxation method, which can complete the form-finding of geometrically unstable systems but with some special sets, to get the equilibrium form of the hanging cable-net under the gravity. However, this structural form may no longer pass through the given target points, and then it introduces the inverse iteration method to adjust the coordinates of the fitting points of the NURBS, which actually means to find the initial structural form which after form-finding can just right meet the target requirements. At last, some numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the validity of the proposed method in this paper.@en