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Role of Th1 and Th2 cells in autoimmune demyelinating disease

Author: Nagelkerken, L.
Type:article
Date:1998
Institution: TNO Preventie en Gezondheid
Source:Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 1, 31, 55-60
Identifier: 234326
Keywords: Health · Antigen-presenting cells · Cytokines · Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis · Glucocorticoids · Multiple sclerosis · Th1 cells · Th1 cell · Th2 cell · Animals · Autoimmune Diseases · Demyelinating Diseases · Disease Models, Animal · Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental · Humans · Multiple Sclerosis

Abstract

Evidence is accumulating that Th1 cells play an important role in the development of multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), whereas Th2 cells contribute to recovery from disease. A maj or determinant in the development of Th1 and Th2 cells is the type of antigen-presenting cell (APC) involved and its functional characteristics, e.g., the production of interleukin-12. Therefore, modulation of APC might interfere with the development of Th1 type responses and as such be beneficial for MS and EAE. The potential of cytokines, in particular interleukin-10, and glucocorticoids to exert a selective effect on APC, and as a consequence to affect the Th1-Th2 balance in EAE, is discussed.