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A dynamic artificial gastrointestinal system for studying the behavior of orally administered drug dosage forms under various physiological conditions

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Author: Blanquet, S. · Zeijdner, E. · Beyssac, E. · Meunier, J.-P. · Denis, S. · Havenaar, R. · Alric, M.
Type:article
Date:2004
Institution: TNO Voeding
Source:Pharmaceutical Research, 4, 21, 585-591
Identifier: 237682
doi: doi:10.1023/B:PHAM.0000022404.70478.4b
Keywords: Pharmacology Biology · Physiological Sciences · Dissolution profile · Gastrointestinal model · Oral formulations · Paracetamol · Probiotics · bacilor · bile salt · pancreatin · paracetamol · pepsin A · probiotic agent · starch · triacylglycerol lipase · unclassified drug · article · bacterial survival · bile secretion · body temperature · computer simulation · drug absorption · drug delivery system · drug dosage form · drug formulation · drug solubility · food intake · gastrointestinal tract · gastrointestinal transit · in vitro study · Lactobacillus casei · pancreas secretion · peristalsis · pH · priority journal · salivation · small intestine · stomach · stomach secretion · Acetaminophen · Administration, Oral · Digestive System · Dosage Forms · Gastrointestinal Transit · Models, Biological · Predictive Value of Tests

Abstract

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the potential of a dynamic, multicompartmental in vitro system simulating the human stomach and small intestine (TIM-1) for studying the behavior of oral drug dosage forms under various physiological gastrointestinal conditions. Methods. Two model drug compounds were studied in TIM-1: a lyophilized Lactobacillus strain and paracetamol (acctaminophen). The Lactobacillus survival rate was determined by bacterial counting in the gastric and ileal effluents while simulating the conditions of the gastrointestinal tract of infants or adults. The availability for absorption of paracetamol from two oral dosage forms was investigated by measuring the drug concentration in jejunal dialysis fluid. The effect of gastrointestinal passage time and food intake on paracetamol absorption was also studied. Results. The Lactobacillus survival rate in both gastric and ileal effluents was higher during simulation of the infant compared to adult conditions. We also showed that (i) paracetamol absorption was faster when it was administered as a free powder than in sustained-release tablet form, (ii) a slow passage time resulted in a delay in the absorption of paracetamol, and (iii) there was a lower rate of absorption when paracetamol was ingested with a standard breakfast as opposed to water. The in vitro results were consistent with in vivo data, showing the predictive value of TIM-1. Conclusions. TIM-1 is a powerful tool for supplying valuable information about the effects of various gastrointestinal conditions on biopharmaceutical behavior and efficacy of drug delivery systems in the development of oral formulations. Chemicals / CAS: pancreatin, 8049-47-6; paracetamol, 103-90-2; pepsin A, 9001-75-6; starch, 9005-25-8, 9005-84-9; triacylglycerol lipase, 9001-62-1; Acetaminophen, 103-90-2; Dosage Forms