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A tactile cockpit instrument supports the control of self-motion during spatial disorientation

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Author: Erp, J.B.F. van · Groen, E.L. · Bos, J.E. · Veen, H.A.H.C. van
Type:article
Date:2006
Institution: TNO Defensie en Veiligheid
Source:Human factors, 2, 48, 219-228
Identifier: 16487
doi: doi:10.1518/001872006777724435
Keywords: Health Defence · tactile displays · vehicle control · performance · cockpit · spatial orientation · self motion · military

Abstract

Objective: We investigated the effectiveness of a tactile torso display as a countermeasure to spatial disorientation (SD) and compared inside-out and outside-in codings. Background: SD is a serious threat to military as well as civilian pilots and aircraft. Considerable effort has been put into SD countermeasures such as training programs and advanced cockpit displays. Tactile displays have been considered a promising technology. Method:Twenty-four participants were assigned to the two coding groups (12 per group and matched for age and gender). We used a rotating chair to build up a state of SD by rotating participants around their yaw axis followed by a sudden stop. During the following recovery phase a random disturbance signal was added to the chairÆs orientation. Participants actively controlled their orientation and were instructed to maintain a stable orientation. Results: Statistical analyses revealed that recovery from SD was improved with support of the tactile instrument, but tracking performance was reduced. The effects were the same whether the instrument was available full time or during the recovery phase only. There were no differences between outside-in and inside-out coding. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates the potential of tactile cockpit instruments in controlling SD, even in the presence of strong but misleading self-motion information from the vestibular sense. pplication: Actual or potential applications of this research include spatial disorientation countermeasures for pilots, divers, and astronauts.