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Emissions of persistent organic pollutants and eight candidate POPs from UNECE-Europe in 2000, 2010 and 2020 and the emission reduction resulting from the implementation of the UNECE POP protocol

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Author: Denier Gon, H. van der · Bolscher, M. van het · Visschedijk, A. · Zandveld, P.Y.J.
Type:article
Date:2007
Institution: TNO Bouw en Ondergrond
Source:Atmospheric Environment, 40, 41, 9245-9261
Identifier: 240419
Keywords: Environment · Candidate POPs · Emission inventory · Emission projection · Europe · HCB · HCH · PAH indicator compounds · PCB · PCDD/F · Europe · Paraffins · Polychlorinated biphenyls · Hexachlorobutadiene (HBU) · Pentabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE) · Persistent organic pollutants (POP) · Polychloronated naftalenes (PCN) · Organic pollutants · dicofol · ether derivative · hexachlorobutadiene · paraffin · pentabromodiphenyl ether · pentachlorobenzene · pentachlorophenol · comparative study · emission inventory · HCH · hexachlorobenzene · organic pollutant · PAH · PCB · PCDD · PCDF · United Nations · article · Europe · methodology · organic pollution · priority journal · unece protocol · Eurasia · Europe

Abstract

An emission inventory for persistent organic pollutants (POP) is made for the year 2000 based on submissions of emission data from the Parties to the Convention on LRTAP. The inventory covers the UNECE territory except Canada and the United States. For the countries, sources or compounds lacking in official submissions, default emission estimates have been prepared and applied to complete the inventory. An indicative comparison of the year 2000 emissions with the 1990 emission levels from a previous study is presented as well as emission projections for 2010, 2015, 2020 based on activity scenarios developed in the framework of the EU CAFE programme. The key source analysis of the projected emissions assuming full implementation of the UNECE protocols allows identification of remaining source strengths which subsequently are briefly discussed in terms of their potential for (further) reduction. A number of chemicals are currently being investigated for inclusion on the UN/ECE POPs protocol list of priority compounds but for these substances emission estimation methodologies are scarce or non-existent. For eight of these substances (dicofol, edosulfan, hexachlorobutadiene (HBU), pentabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE), pentachlorobenzene (PCBe), pentachlorophenol (PCP), polychloronated naftalenes (PCN) and short chained chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs)) an emission estimation methodology is proposed and a preliminary emission inventory for the year 2000 is presented. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.