Fat Watch was a four-year campaign carried out in cooperation with retailers and industry, aiming at a reduction of fat consumption by 10% among the Dutch population. Mass media and supermarkets were the main conveyers of the message. Supermarkets participated well in the first (53%) and in the third year (51%), but to a lesser extent in the second year (36%). Campaign awareness in the target group (household shoppers for food) was relatively high in the first year (60%), but dropped in the next two years (40% and 32%, respectively). Combined with prominent mass media messages and with promotional activities of food products by suppliers, supermarkets seem a good channel for dissemination of nutrition information. Fat Watch has proved that cooperation of governmental, industrial and retail organizations for several years with respect to nutrition education activities is possible in the Netherlands.