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The benefits of interventions for work-related stress

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Author: Klink, J.J.L. van der · Blonk, R.W.B. · Schene, A.H. · Dijk, F.J.H. van
Type:article
Date:2001
Institution: TNO Arbeid
Source:American Journal of Public Health, 2, 91, 270-276
Identifier: 276807
Keywords: Workplace · Werkdruk · Stress · Geestelijke overbelasting · Therapie · Psychoanalyse · Psychotherapie · Humanisering van de arbeid · Kwaliteit van de arbeid

Abstract

In this quantitative meta-analysis is sought to determine the effectiveness of occupational stress-reducing interventions and the populations for which such interventions are most beneficial. 48 experimental studies were included in the analysis. Four intervention types were distinguished: cognitive-behavioural interventions, relaxation techniques, multimodal programs, and organisation-focused interventions. A small but significant overall effect was found. A moderate effect was found for cognitive-behavioural interventions and multimodal interventions, and a small effect was found for relaxation techniques. The effect size for organization-focused interventions was nonsignificant. Effects were most pronounced on the following outcome categories: complaints, psychologic resources and responses, and perceived quality of work life. The conclusion of the study was that stress management interventions are effective. Cognitive-behavioural interventions are more effective than the other intervention types.