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Development of an androgen reporter gene assay (AR-LUX) utilizing a human cell line with an endogenously regulated androgen receptor

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Author: Blankvoort, B.M.G. · Groene, E.M. de · Meeteren-Kreikamp, A.P. van · Witkamp, R.F. · Rodenburg, R.J.T. · Aarts, J.M.M.J.G.
Type:article
Date:2001
Institution: Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO
Source:Analytical Biochemistry, 1, 298, 93-102
Identifier: 42087
doi: doi:10.1006/abio.2001.5352
Keywords: Nutrition · Aldosterone · Androgen · Androgen receptor · Androstanolone · Bolasterone · Dexamethasone · Epigallocatechin gallate · Estradiol · Forskolin · Luciferase · Progesterone · Retinoic acid · Trenbolone · Vitamin D · Assay · Cancer cell culture · Controlled study · Genetic transcription · Genetic transfection · Human · Human cell · Priority journal · Reliability · Reporter gene · Transcription regulation · Validation process · Aldosterone · Androgens · Breast Neoplasms · Dexamethasone · Down-Regulation · Estradiol · Genes, Regulator · Genes, Reporter · Humans · Luciferases · Metribolone · Receptors, Androgen · Transfection · Tumor Cells, Cultured

Abstract

The aim of the work described in this report is to develop and characterize a cell-based androgen reporter assay. For this purpose, the androgen receptor (AR) expressing human breast cancer cell line T47D was stably transfected with a luciferase gene under transcriptional control of the PB-ARE-2 androgen response element. The application of this cell line in an endogenous Androgen Receptor-mediated LUciferase eXpression assay (AR-LUX) was validated. An EC50 value of 86 pM was determined for the standard androgen R1881 with a detection limit of 46 pM. Other androgens like dihydrotestosterone, 17β-trenbolone, and bolasterone also induced luciferase expression, while anti-androgens suppressed these responses. As expected, AR-mediated responses were also elicited by high concentrations of the steroids progesterone, 17β-estradiol, d-aldosterone, and dexamethasone, with observed EC50 values 10 to 350,000 times higher than that for R1881. A unique feature of the AR-LUX assay is that effects on modulation of active endogenous AR-levels are reliably reflected in the luciferase induction response, as exemplified by vitamin D, all-trans-retinoic acid, epigallocatechin gallate, and forskolin. This feature is especially useful when assessing complex mixtures, e.g., environmental samples or natural compound libraries. From these data it is concluded that the AR-LUX assay is a reliable in vitro test system for the detection and quantification of AR-mediated biological effects. The 96-well plate format makes the assay particularly suitable for high-throughput screening.Chemicals/CAS: Aldosterone, 52-39-1; Androgens; Dexamethasone, 50-02-2; Estradiol, 50-28-2; Luciferases, EC 1.13.12.-; Metribolone, 965-93-5; Receptors, Androgen