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Development of a Distributed Simulation Environment for Crisis Management Training

Author: Vullings, H.J.L.M. · Kleermaeker, S. de · Vermeulen, C.-J.
Publisher: Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization's (SISO)
Source:2011 International Simulation Multi-Conference ISMC'11, Euro Simulation Interoperability Workshop (E-SIW) 27-29 June 2011, The Hague, The Netherlands, 17-21
Identifier: 431022
Article number: 11E-SIW-018
Keywords: Simulation · Team training · Exercise management · Simulation engine · Scenario editor · Distributed environment · Scenario editor · Public safety and security · Flood control · Organisation · MSG - Modelling Simulation & Gaming · BSS - Behavioural and Societal Sciences


Disasters happen; you simply cannot prevent them. So you need to be adequately trained for managing a crisis when it occurs. Most crisis management professionals, however, do not have sufficient time to train regularly, as they often have demanding regular jobs too. In addition, most current-day trainings are inflexible and only employ linear scenario lines, i.e. you have to follow the stipulated path as presented by the trainer, and there is little room for divergence. Every time you do not follow the "yellow brick road", you are corrected and put on the right path again. Furthermore, these scenarios take a lot of time and manpower to develop, and the tooling is not great. To make matters worse, you often need many people to simulate the external environment, feeding simulated email and telephone messages to the trainees. In order to train efficiently and effectively, we present a solution to train crisis management professionals in a distributed environment. The solution was developed as part of the Flood Control 2015 program in a consortium of four parties: IBM, HKV, Deltares and TNO. It uses Windows Workflow Foundation for creating training scenarios in a user-friendly environment, in combination with an HLA-like Service Bus for sending control and data messages to distributed software modules. The environment was used to train crisis management professionals in safety regions and for water management. This paper will describe the developed environment, the training setup and the results of the training.