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Fuel-electricity mix and efficiency in Dutch plug-in and range-extender vehicles on the road

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Author: Ligterink, N.E. · Smokers, R.T.M. · Bolech, M.
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Source:2013 World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition, EVS 2014, 1-4
Identifier: 520149
doi: doi:10.1109/EVS.2013.6914979
ISBN: 9781479938322
Article number: 6914979
Keywords: Traffic · fuel consumption · monitoring · plug-in vehicles · range-extender vehicles · Fuel consumption · Fuels · Monitoring · Business-users · Electricity use · Environment data · Plug-in vehicles · Plug-ins · Real-world · Vehicles · Safe and Clean Mobility · Mobility · Organisation · STL - Sustainable Transport & Logistics · EELS - Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences


For the Dutch Ministry for Infrastructure and the Environment data of plug-in vehicles was collected. Data concerning fueling and charging of plug-in vehicles is collected from lease companies, a fuel-pass company, and the charging infrastruture organisation. More than 10% of the total Dutch plug-in fleet is covered. The electricity data is insufficient to derive a real-world electricity use, e.g., kWh/100km. However, the amount of electric kilometers are determined and verified to be about 24%. A substantial group of users charge the vehicle once or twice a day. However, among the business users, there seems to be a substantial group who do not use the charging capabilities of the plug-in vehicles. The Dutch report is sent by the minister to the Dutch Parliament in June 2013.[3]