Fall incidents occur frequently in the community dwelling elderly and even more in the institutionalised elderly. Fall-related research data indicate positive effects of a multifactorial intervention targeted on prevention of falls and fall-related injuries. In November 2004 the guideline "Prevention of fall incidents in the elderly" developed by The Dutch Institute for Healthcare Improvement (CBO) was published. This guideline pays attention to the risk factors for falling and the prevention of fall incidents in all settings. The highlights for nursing homes are: all nursing home patients are at risk; perform a fall risk assessment to direct fall preventive activities; together with specific fall prevention for the patient general fall prevention for the institute has to be undertaken; a multifactorial approach is indicated. In nursing homes it is possible to perform such approach multidisciplinary.