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The Advanced Navy Aerosol Model (ANAM) : Validation of small-particle modes

Author: Eijk, A.M.J. van · Kusmierczyk-Michulec, J.T. · Piazzola, J.P.
Publisher: SPIE
Place: Bellingham, WA
Source:Eijk, A.M.J.Hammel, S.M., Atmospheric Optics IV: Turbulence and Propagation, 23-24 August 2011, San Diego, CA, USA
Proceedings of SPIE
Identifier: 441901
doi: doi:10.1117/12.896178
Article number: 816108
Keywords: Electronics · Navy Aerosol Model · ANAM · Air mass parameter · Angstrom parameter · Coastal aerosols · Atmospheric transmission · Coastal environment · Physics & Electronics · ED - Electronic Defence · TS - Technical Sciences


The image quality of electro-optical sensors in the (lower-altitude marine) atmosphere is limited by aerosols, which cause contrast reduction due to transmission losses and impact on the thermal signature of objects by scattering solar radiation. The Advanced Navy Aerosol Model (ANAM) aims at providing a quantitative estimate of the aerosol effects on the basis of standard meteorological parameters such as wind speed and relative humidity. For application in coastal regions, the ANAM includes non-marine aerosols that are governed by an ill-defined tuning parameter: the air mass parameter (AMP). The present paper proposes a new parameterization for assessing the effect of these non-marine particles on the propagation. The new parameterization utilizes the Ångström coefficient, which can be experimentally obtained with a sun photometer, and introduces new types of aerosols in ANAM. The new parameterization was tested against experimental validation data acquired at Porquerolles Island at the French Riviera. The limited test data suggested that the new parameterization is only partially efficient in capturing the aerosol signature of the coastal environment. Nevertheless, the new Ångström coefficient algorithm avoids using the ill-defined AMP, and may thus be useful to the ANAM community.