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EURRECA—Evidence-Based Methodology for Deriving Micronutrient Recommendations

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Author: Dhonukshe-Rutten, R.A.M. · Bouwman, J. · Brown, K.A. · Cavelaars, A.E.J.M. · Collings, R. · Grammatikaki, E. · Groot, L.C.P.G.M. de · Gurinovic, M. · Harvey, L.J. · Hermoso, M. · Hurst, R. · Kremer, S.H.A. · Ngo, J. · Novakovic, R. · Raats, M.M. · Rollin, F. · Serra-Majem, L. · Souverein, O.W. · Timotijevic, L. · Veer, P. van 't
Type:article
Date:2013
Source:Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 10, 53, 999–1040
Identifier: 477582
doi: doi:10.1080/10408398.2012.749209
Keywords: Nutrition Biology · dietary reference values · EURRECA · framework · systematic review · Food and Nutrition · Healthy Living · Life · MSB - Microbiology and Systems Biology · EELS - Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences

Abstract

The EURopean micronutrient RECommendations Aligned (EURRECA) Network of Excellence explored the process of setting micronutrient recommendations to address the variance in recommendations across Europe. Work centered upon the transparent assessment of nutritional requirements via a series of systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses. In addition, the necessity of assessing nutritional requirements and the policy context of setting micronutrient recommendations was investigated. Findings have been presented in a framework that covers nine activities clustered into four stages: stage one “Defining the problem” describes Activities 1 and 2: “Identifying the nutrition-related health problem” and “Defining the process”; stage two “Monitoring and evaluating” describes Activities 3 and 7: “Establishing appropriate methods,” and “Nutrient intake and status of population groups”; stage three “Deriving dietary reference values” describes Activities 4, 5, and 6: “Collating sources of evidence,” “Appraisal of the evidence,” and “Integrating the evidence”; stage four “Using dietary reference values in policy making” describes Activities 8 and 9: “Identifying policy options,” and “Evaluating policy implementation.” These activities provide guidance on how to resolve various issues when deriving micronutrient requirements and address the methodological and policy decisions, which may explain the current variation in recommendations across Europe.