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Macropinocytotic uptake and infection of human epithelial cells with species B2 adenovirus type 35

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Author: Kälin, S. · Amstutz, B. · Gastaldelli, M. · Wolfrum, N. · Boucke, K. · Havenga, M. · DiGennaro, F. · Liska, N. · Hemmi, S. · Greber, U.F.
Institution: TNO Kwaliteit van Leven
Source:Journal of Virology, 10, 84, 5336-5350
Identifier: 408479
Keywords: Biology · Biomedical Research · actin · F actin · heparan sulfate · jaspamide · p21 activated kinase 1 · protein kinase C · sodium proton exchange protein · article · carboxy terminal sequence · epithelium cell · HeLa cell · hematopoietic cell · human · Human adenovirus · human cell · lung fibroblast · nonhuman · priority journal · serotype · Adenoviruses, Human · Antigens, CD46 · Cell Line · Epithelial Cells · Fibroblasts · Humans · Integrins · Pinocytosis · Receptors, Virus · Virus Internalization · Adenoviridae · Human adenovirus


Human adenovirus serotype 35 (HAdV-35; here referred to as Ad35) causes kidney and urinary tract infections and infects respiratory organs of immunocompromised individuals. Unlike other adenoviruses, Ad35 has a low seroprevalence, which makes Ad35-based vectors promising candidates for gene therapy. Ad35 utilizes CD46 and integrins as receptors for infection of epithelial and hematopoietic cells. Here we show that infectious entry of Ad35 into HeLa cells, human kidney HK-2 cells, and normal human lung fibroblasts strongly depended on CD46 and integrins but not heparan sulfate and variably required the large GTPase dynamin. Ad35 infections were independent of expression of the carboxy-terminal domain of AP180, which effectively blocks clathrin-mediated uptake. Ad35 infections were inhibited by small chemicals against serine/threonine kinase Pak1 (p21-activated kinase), protein kinase C (PKC), sodium-proton exchangers, actin, and acidic organelles. Remarkably, the F-actin inhibitor jasplakinolide, the Pak1 inhibitor IPA-3, or the sodiumproton exchange inhibitor 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl) amiloride (EIPA) blocked endocytic uptake of Ad35. Dominant-negative proteins or small interfering RNAs against factors driving macropinocytosis, including the small GTPase Rac1, Pak1, or the Pak1 effector C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1), potently inhibited Ad35 infection. Confocal laser scanning microscopy, electron microscopy, and live cell imaging showed that Ad35 colocalized with fluid-phase markers in large endocytic structures that were positive for CD46, αν integrins, and also CtBP1. Our results extend earlier observations with HAdV-3 (Ad3) and establish macropinocytosis as an infectious pathway for species B human adenoviruses in epithelial and hematopoietic cells. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.